Biblical Studies Terms (Exam 1)

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scarpenter14
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36161
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Biblical Studies Terms (Exam 1)
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2010-09-20 22:23:58
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biblical studies terms
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Genesis-Exodus-Jewish Law
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  1. the God of Israel. The term means “the Lord” in Hebrew and is used by
    many Jews as a substitute for God’s proper name, which they will not speak
    aloud out of reverence for the holiness of God’s name.
    Adonai
  2. – a story that explains origins (of a name, a
    custom, etc.)Alexander
    aetiology (etiology)
  3. – a reference or term that
    is chronologically out of place
    anachronism
  4. forefather or foremother, earlier member of a family line.
    ancestor –
  5. the area now called the “Middle East”
    Ancient Near East –
  6. the portrayal of something
    other than a human being in human form or terms.
    anthropomorphic –
  7. the “deuterocanonical books”, books included in LXX but not in the Tanakh, included in Roman Catholic and Orthodox Bibles but not in Protestant Bible.
    Apocrypha –
  8. – the empire that conquered the northern kingdom and exiled thousands
    in 722 BCE
    Assyria
  9. – the means of restoring a relationship damaged or severed by sin
    atonement
  10. Before the common era, i.e. before Jesus was born if you dated his birth in
    the year #1.
    BCE-
  11. – Phrase often used
    to refer to Abraham’s near sacrifice of his son.
    The Binding of Isaac
  12. Latin circa meaning “around,” refers to
    dates that are only an approximation.
    ca.
  13. the land that was settled by the Israelites and Philistines around
    the 1200’s BCE
    Canaan -
  14. the official list of writings that are considered “scripture.”
    canon -
  15. common era, also known as AD, i.e. the time after Jesus birth if you dated it
    in the year #1.
    CE-
  16. another name for Babylon.
    Chaldea –
  17. – the practice of removing the foreskin from the penis. In Jewish custom it’s a sign of God’s covenant with Abraham done on a baby boy’s 8th day.
    circumcision
  18. - a slave-woman who is a lower-status wife. Her main function is to bear sons for her “husband.”
    concubine
  19. – a vow, promise, agreement, treaty, contract; a binding agreement
    between two parties, such as a treaty between kings/nations. (Often on of the
    parties is considered superior or more powerful than the other.)
    covenant
  20. – a term used by scholars to refer to religious
    practices and organization of a religion. (In this usage it does not have
    negative connotations.)
    cult
  21. – The oldest existing Bible manuscripts along with other
    writings that were discovered in the desert in 1947.
    Dead Sea Scrolls
  22. – the 10 commandments.
    Decalogue
  23. – term meaning “the god” or “God.”
    deity
  24. – generations of offspring
    living after their ancenster.
    descendants
  25. - literarally means “second canon”, books included in
    LXX but not in the Tanak, included in Roman Catholic and Orthodox Bibles but
    not in Protestant Bible.
    deuterocanonical books
  26. – the theory that the Pentateuch is a compilation of
    several earlier documents.
    Documentary hypothesis
  27. – word meaning “god”; the chief god of Canaan, and sometimes used to
    refer to the God of Israel.
    El
  28. – Hebrew word meaning “God” or “gods”
    Elohim
  29. – The Babylonian creation myth.
    Enuma Elish
  30. - one of the sons of Joseph; the Northern Kingdom, also called Israel
    Ephraim
  31. – “out of nothing”
    Ex nihilo
  32. - literally means
    “going out” it refers to the Israelites going out from Egypt where they had
    been slaves.
    exodus
  33. – Inventor of the moveable type printing press in 1453,
    making books more affordable and accessible.
    Guttenburg
  34. – slave of Sarah, mother of Ishmael
    Hagar
  35. – a Jewish rendering of God’s divine name Yahweh, means “the name.”
    Ha-Shem
  36. – the Old Testament or the Tanak - a term favored by Jewish and Christian scholars.
    Hebrew Bible
  37. - the original language of most of the Old Testament/Tanakh; another name for the Israelites
    Hebrew
  38. - the name of the mountain where Moses saw the burning bush, received
    the law, also called Mt. Sinai
    Horeb
  39. - presence, i.e. God’s presence in the material world.[1]










    [1] not to be confused with” imminence” meaning “occuring at any
    moment” or “eminence” meaning “importance.”
    immanence
  40. – son of Abraham and Hagar
    Ishmael
  41. – son of Abraham and Sarah, father of Jacob
    and Esau
    Isaac
  42. - another name for the patriarch Jacob; the nation made up of the 12 tribes which, according to tradition, were descended from Jacob; the Northern Kingdom, also called Ephraim.
    Israel
  43. - the capital city of a united Israel, and later the capital of the nation of Judah
    Jerusalem
  44. - a term derived from the word “Judean” it originally referred to Judean descendants of Israel
    in the Persian period and all of their descendants until today
    Jews
  45. - one of the 12 sons of Jacob; one of the 12 tribes of Israel; the Southern Kingdom and only Jewish nation existing after 722 BCE
    and existing as a province after 587.
    Judah
  46. - the practice of a childless widow marrying her
    husband’s brother or nearest kin to have a child for her dead husband.
    levirate law
  47. – an Israelite tribe that functioned as priests.
    Levites
  48. - Abbreviation for the Septuagint.
    LXX
  49. - the way God’s divine name is often rendered in English translation.
    The LORD
  50. - breadlike substance sent by God to feed the Israelites in the Sinai wilderness.
    manna
  51. – The supreme god of the Babylonians.
    Marduk
  52. - literally “the land between the rivers” is the land
    through which the Tigris and Euphrates rivers flow (Iraq and part of Syria
    today), land of the Sumerians, the Akkadians, the Assyrians, and the Babylonians.
    Mesopotamia
  53. – 1) In common usage, it means something that isn’t true; 2) In academic use, it means something
    that expresses the deep truths of a culture, without necessarily being factual.
    myth
  54. – The kingdom made up of the 10 northern tribes. Israel, Ephraim, 922-722 BCE.
    Northern kingdom
  55. – The kingdom made up of the 10 northern tribes. Israel,
    Ephraim, 922-722 BCE.
    Northern kingdom
  56. – the means of transmitting stories from generation to
    generation by word of mouth.
    oral tradition
  57. – A holiday commemorating
    God’s liberation of the Hebrew slaves from Egypt. It continues to be one of the
    most important Jewish holidays.
    Passover
  58. – literally “father ruler” refers to a man who is head
    of his family. In Jewish tradition
    it refers to the male ancestors in Genesis, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
    patriarch
  59. Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy literally means “five scrolls”, the first fivebooks of the Bible
    Pentateuch -
  60. – title for the king of Egypt
    pharaoh
  61. – The place iwhere the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered with ancient
    Bible manuscripts.
    Qumran
  62. – To give something in exchange, for example a substitute offering or money to free a slave.
    redeem
  63. – the 7th day of the week (Saturday) commanded by God as the
    day of rest.
    Sabbath
  64. - the capital of the Northern Kingdom
    Samaria
  65. - the translation of the Hebrew Bible into the Greek language by Jews in Egypt beginning around 250 BCE. Includes the deuterocanonical books. The preferred Bible version of the early Christians.
    Septuagint
  66. - the realm of the all the dead, called “Hades” by the Greeks. Not a place of punishment per se.
    Sheol
  67. – a place of worship, not necessarily a building
    shrine
  68. - the name of the mountain where Moses saw the burning bush, received
    the law, also called Mt. Horeb
    Sinai
  69. - the desert region between Egypt, Canaan,
    and Arabia where, according to tradition, the Israelites lived for 40 years.
    Sinai Wilderness
  70. - the kingdom made up of the tribe of
    Judah, 922-587 BCE.
    Southern kingdom
  71. – a tent of worship. After the Jerusalem Temple was build it was placed in the temple.
    Tabernacle
  72. - the Jewish name
    for the Old Testament based the Hebrew words for Law - Prophets - Writings
    Tanak/Tanakh
  73. - a quality of God focusing on how God is beyond limits and space.
    transcendence
  74. - Hebrew word
    for “law” or “instruction” referring to the first five books of the Bible
    Torah
  75. – a king or nation that is in a relationship of submission to another king or nation
    vassal
  76. – the desert (both flat and mountainous)
    wilderness (inthe Hebrew Bible)
  77. - “the personal name of Israel’s God.” Jews will not speak this name aloud out of reverence for the holiness of the name of God.
    Yahweh

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