Sur 116 week 5-Organ system

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Sur 116 week 5-Organ system
2012-06-13 00:52:19

Organ Systems of the Human Body and Medical specialties
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  1. Skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands.

    Forms protective two-way barrier and aids in temperature regulation.
    • Integumentary System
    • Dermatology(study of)

  2. Bones, joints, muscles.

    Skeleton supports and protects the body, forms blood cells, and stores minerals. Muscles produce movement.
    • Musculoskeletal System
    • Orthopedics(study of)
    • Orthopedic surgery

  3. Heart, arteries, veins.

    Pumps blood throughout the entire body to transport nutrients, oxygen, and wastes.
    • Cardiovascular System
    • Cardiology(study of the heart)

  4. Plasma, erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets.

    Transports oxygen, protects against pathogens, and controls bleeding.
    • Blood (Hematic) System
    • Hematology(study of blood)

  5. Lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, spleen, thymus gland, tonsils.

    Protects the body from disease and invasion from pathogens.
    • Lymphatic System
    • Immunology(study of immune)

  6. Nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes, lungs.

    Obtains oxygen and removes the carbon dioxide from the body.
    • Respiratory System
    • Pulmonology(study of lung)
    • Otorhinolaryngology(study of ear, nose, throat)
    • Thoracic surgery
  7. Oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gallbladder pancreas, salivary glands.

    Ingests, digests, and absorbs nutrients for the body.
    • Digestive or Gastrointestinal(GI)
    • Gastroenterology(study of stomach)
    • Proctology(study of rectum)

  8. Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra.

    Filters waste products out of the blood and removes them from the body.
    • Urinary System
    • Nephrology(study of kidney)
    • Urology(study of urinary tract)

  9. Ovary, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva, breasts.

    Produces eggs for reproduction and provides place for growing baby.
    • Female Reproductive System
    • Gynecology(study of)
    • Obstetrics (OB)

  10. Testes, epididymis, vas deferens, penis, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, bulbourethral gland.

    Produces sperm for reproduction.
    • Male Reproductive System
    • Urology(study of)

  11. Pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, thymus gland, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries, testes.

    Regulates metabolic activities of the body.
    • Endocrine System
    • Endocrinology(study of)

  12. Brain, spinal cord, nerves.

    Receives sensory information and coordinates the body's response.
    • Nervous System
    • Neurology(study of)
    • Neurosurgery

  13. Eye

    • Special Senses System
    • Opthalmology(study of)

  14. Ear

    Hearing and balance.
    • Special Senses System
    • Otorhinolaryngology(study of)

  15. One who studies the Integumentary System...
  16. One who studies the musculoskeletal system...
  17. One who studies the Cardiovascular System...
  18. One who studies the Hematic System...
  19. One who studies the lymphatic system...
  20. One who studies the Respiratory System...
    Pulmonologist or Otrhinolaryngologist
  21. One who studies the Digestive System...
  22. One who studies the Urinary System...
  23. One who studies the Female Reproductive System...
    Gynecologist or Obstetrician
  24. One who studies the Male Reproductive System...
  25. One who studies the Endocrine System...
  26. One who studies the Nervous System
  27. Special Senses: Eye and Ears, nose, throat
    Opthalogist and Otorhinolaryngologist