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What does the abbreviation AC mean?
What is the official name of a drug?
Name listed in official publication PDR
Which two drug names are used interchangeably?
How medication errors can a hospitalized patient expect?
One per day
How many medication errors are preventable?
53% - 58%
How many mediation errors do nurses catch at the bedside?
Number one reason nurses miss/make medication errors?
Distraction while administering meds
Number one med that is mistaken?
What is a sentinel event?
An event that occurred that resulted in death, paralysis or coma
Three things you have to tell the patient when administering meds?
Tell patient what you are giving them
Why you are giving it to them
And side effects
Who can prescribe medication?
What drugs have potential for abuse or addiction?
What are often the automatic stop orders for controlled substances?
72 or 96 hours (within 4 days)
What percentage of nurses use controlled substances?
How many RN’s must witness waste of controlled substances?
Five ethical principles used as guides to make decisions?
What is the difference between adverse effect and toxicity?
Toxicity is a result of excessive levels
What eight factors determine the action of medication?
What is intracardiac administration?
What is intrathecal/intraspinal administration?
What is intra-arterial administration?
What is intraosseous administration?
What is epidural administration?
What are the 7 components to an order?
Ful name of patient
Date/time order was written
Name of drug to be administered
Dose of drug
Frequency of administration
Route of administration
Full signature and credentials of person writing order
What is medication reconciliation?
The process of creating the most accurate list possible of all medications a person is taking
At what point does a patient need to have a medication record when hospitalized?
Within the first 6 hours
Where are medication cabinets found?
In patients room
In medication room
What are the seven types of orders?
In what situations can verbal orders be given?
What are the 10 rights of medication administration?
1.Right patient (allergy & ID band)
6.Right to Refuse
What are the three checks?
Check in med room
Check at bedside
What position should a patient be in to receive oral meds?
Can two routes of administration be included in one order?
No. It must be written in two orders
What size needle is usually used in deltoid?
23 gage 1 inch
What size needle is usually used in leg?
21 gage, 1.5 inch
Mnemonic to remember needle gage
Pink is 20 (in the middle and it doesn’t rhyme)
Standard Administration for Heparin
3 ml syringe
25 5/8inc needle
Fundamentals lecture on medication administration