DMU abdominal final

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
36344
Filename:
DMU abdominal final
Updated:
2010-09-21 16:42:45
Tags:
ultrasound
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Description:
review for abdominal final
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  1. characteristics of a solid mass
    • irregular borders
    • internal echoes
    • decreased transmission
  2. the hepatic artery is ___ to the commom bile duct in a transverse plane
    medial
  3. the superior mesenteric artery is ___ to the superior mesenteric vein
    lateral
  4. the hepatic duct is ___ to the common bile duct
    proximal
  5. the body of the pancreas is located in which abdominal region
    epigastric
  6. what is the clinical significance of the peritoneal recesses
    fluid and infection may accumulate in the recesses
  7. what is the space between the right lobe of the liver and the anterior right kidney called
    morrison's pouch
  8. what is the smallest lobe of the liver, that lies anterior to the inferior vena cava
    caudate lobe
  9. the triad of the portal vein, common bile duct, and hepatic artery enter the liver area known as __
    porta hepatis
  10. what is the most superior aspect of the liver at the level of the diaphragm
    dome of the liver
  11. what is the central area of the spleen that allows the vascular and lymph structure to emerge or enter
    splenic hilum
  12. the peritoneal reflection that serves as a principle attachment of the liver to the diaphragm
    falciform ligament
  13. the portal veins carry blood from the ___ to the liver
    intestine
  14. the portal vein drains blood from
    • the GI tract from the lower end of the esophagus to the upper end of the anal canal
    • pancreas, gallbladder, and bile ducts
    • spleen
  15. what vessel passes anterior to the third part of the duodenum and posterior to the neck of the pancreas
    superior mesenteric vein
  16. what vessel passes anterior to the uncinate process of the pancreas
    superior mesenteric vein
  17. what vein begins at the hilum of the spleen and is joined b the short gastric and left gastroepiploic vein
    splenic vein
  18. what makes up the portal triad
    • portal vein
    • common duct
    • hepatic artery
  19. the inferior mesenteric artery distributes blood to _____
    • left transverse colon
    • descending colon
    • sigmoid
    • rectum
  20. the right renal artery passes ____ to the IVC
    posterior
  21. what vascular structure courses between the aorta and the SMA
    left renal vein
  22. renal arteries branch from the lateral wall of the aorta where
    inferior to SMA
  23. which structure is usualy the superior border of the pancreas
    splenic artery
  24. the liver is suspended from the diaphragm and anterior abdominal wall by the ___-
    falciform ligament
  25. sonographic findings of acute hepatitis include
    • accentuated brightness
    • more extensive demonstration of portal vein radicles
    • overall decreased echogenicity of liver
  26. budd-chiari syndrome is a rare disorder caused by obstruction of
    hepatic veins
  27. most common form of benign tumor of the liver
    cavernous hemangioma
  28. elevation of serum bilirubin results in
    jaundice
  29. symptoms of a patient with abscess formation
    • fever
    • pain
    • increased white blood count
  30. thin septa within a mass is more likely to represent
    benign mass
  31. what enzyme is released when fats and proteins reach the duodenum
    cholecystokinin
  32. the first step in urine formation
    glomerular filtration
  33. glucose is a _____ enzyme
    carbohydrate
  34. renal dysfunction will result in an elevation of
    blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
  35. which pancreatic function test remains elevated longest
    urinary amylase
  36. which test is more sensitive in determining renal impairment
    BUN
  37. the group of muscles that originate at eh hilum of the kidneys and lie lateral to the spine
    psoas muscle
  38. what artery courses along the anterolateral border of the head of the pancreas
    gastroduodenal artery
  39. specific indications for a pancreas ultrasound examination include
    • abdominal pain
    • abnormal laboratory values
    • cholecystitis
  40. aneurysms greater than ___ have an increased risk of rupture
    5cm
  41. intra
    within
  42. peri
    around
  43. inter
    between
  44. retro
    behind
  45. _itis
    inflammation of
  46. -uria
    urine
  47. -oma
    tumor
  48. -stasis
    standing still
  49. normal sonographis texture of the spleen
    homogeneous with internal echoes equal to or less echogenic than those of the liver
  50. what organ is the center for hematopoietic activity
    spleen
  51. function of the spleen
    • production of plasma cells
    • production of lymphocytes
    • destruction of white blood cells
  52. major focal defects of the spleen are caused by
    • tumors
    • an infarction
    • cysts
  53. most common benign neoplasms in the spleen
    • cavernous hemangiomas
    • cystic lymphangiomas
    • hamartomas
  54. tumors that may matastasize to the spleen
    • melanoma
    • ovary
    • lung
  55. chronic disease of unknown etiology that involves all bone marrow elements
    polycythemia vera
  56. the superior mesenteric artery supplies
    • proximal half of colon
    • stomach

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