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Stems ending in α or η are in the 1st declension, stems ending in ο are in the 2nd, and consonantal stems are in the 3rd.
Every neuter word has the same form in the nominative and accusative.
Almost all neuter words end in α in the nominative and accusative plural.
In the dative singular, the iota subscripts if possible.
Vowels often change their length (ablaut).
In the genitive and dative, the masculine and neuter will always be identical.
- Square of Stops:
- Labial - π β φ
- Velar - κ γ χ
- Dental - τ δ θ
A tau (τ) cannot stand at the end of a word and will drop off.