Card Set Information
Solubility Electrolytes 1st Chem test
Solubility, electrolytes, 1st chem test
What are the 6 strong acids?
HCL - Hydrochloric Acid
HBR - Hydrobromic Acid
HI - Hydroiodic Acid
HCLO4 - Perchloric Acid
HCLO3 - Chloric Acid
HNO3 - Nitric Acid
H2SO4 - Sulfuric Acid
What are the 8 strong bases?
LiOH - Lithium Hydroxide
NaOH - Sodium Hydroxide
KOH - Potassium Hydroxide
RbOH - Rubidium Hydroxide
CsOH - Cesium Hydroxide
Ca(OH)2 - Calcium Hydroxide
Sr(OH)2 - Strontium Hydroxide
Ba(OH)2 - Barium Hydroxide
What are considered to be strong electrolytes?
Dissolved ionic compounds
What are considered to be weak electrolytes?
"insoluble ionic compounds"
Weak molecular acids
Weak molecular bases
What are considered to be non-electrolytes?
Dissolved molecular compounds
Do acids give up or accept an H+ ion?
Do bases give up or accept an H+ ion?
How do u decide if the compound is an acid?
It begins with H or has COOH in it
How do u decide if the compound is a base?
Metal & OH-
An N followed by an H
Sulfide (S) is soluble with what?
Group 1 & 2 & NH4
Therefore insoluble with everything else
Are hydrocarbons SE, WE, or NE?
What is CH3COO considered? SE, WE, or NE
What is CH3COOH? SE, WE, or NE
Compounds containing _________ are soluble.
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+, NO3-, & C2H3O2 (CH3COO)
Compounds containing CL-, Br- & I- are soluble except with ___________
Ag+, Hg2/2+, or Pb2+
Sulfates (SO2-/4) are soluble except when paired with _________.
Sr2+, Ba2+, Pb2+, Ag+, & Ca2+
Compounds containing OH- are insoluble except when paired with ________.
Li+, Na+, K+, NH4+, Ca2+, Sr2+, & Ba2+
Compounds containing S2- are insoluble except when paired with ___________.
Ca2+, Sr2+, & Ba2+
Carbonates (CO2-/3) & Phosphates (PO3-/4) are insoluble except when paired with ___________.
Li+, Na+, K+, or NH4+