# FlashCardsCalcLectures.txt

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1. ss
1/2
2. l or i
1
3. V or v
5
4. X or x
10
5. L or l
50
6. C or c
100
7. D or d
500
8. M or m
1000
9. Roman Numerals: Large to Small
10. Denominate Numbers
Designate units of measures and total qty of whatever has to been measured (ex grams)
11. Ratios 1:2 (1 to 2)
Can be expressed as fraction 1/2, percentage 50%, and decimal 0.5
12. Proportions (a is to b as c is to d)
• a:b=c:d
• a:b::c:d
• a/b=c/d is most commonly used
13. 1 meter=
• 0.001 km
• 1000 mm
14. 1 inch = __cm
2.54 cm
15. 1tsp = __mL
5 mL
16. 1tbsp = __mL
15 mL
17. 1fl.oz = __mL
30 mL
18. 1 pint = __fl.oz = __mL
• 16 fl.oz
• 473 mL
19. 1 qt = __fl.oz = __mL
• 32 fl.oz
• 946 mL
20. 1 gallon = __fl.oz = __mL
• 128fl.oz
• 3785 mL
21. 1kg = __lb
2.2 lb
22. 1 oz (dry) = __g
28.4 g
23. 1 gr = ___mg
65 mg
24. Sensitivity Requirement (SR)
Minimum weight required to move pointer 1 division on scale. Class A balances SR: 6 mg. Min. weighed w/ error of 5% is 120 mg. (Formula: 6mg=0.05X)
25. Percentage of Error (% Error)
Maximum potential for error = 5 %
26. % Error equation: SR
(SR x 100)/Quantity to be weighed
27. % Error: Actual and Intended Weight
((Actual - Intended)/Intended) x 100
28. Aliquot
Used to measure drug too small to be measured with prescision. Whole # part of whole: 2 is aliquot of 10
29. Trituration
grinding a drug in mortar to reduce particle size
30. Levigation
Reduce particle size of powders in ointments
31. Spatulation
Blending small amount of powders/solids/ointments
32. Sifting
Powders passed through sifter
33. Tumbling
Powder in rotating container
34. Medicated Powders
Internal, External, Inhalation
35. Granules
Flow well compared to powder. Prepared by wet methods. More stable to humidity
36. Compounding
Making and dispensing of drug from practitioner's drug order
37. Manufacturing
Drugs made from chemical/synthetic synthesis. Marketed, Resale
38. Dosage forms
Mechanism for safe and convenient delivery of accurate dosage
39. USP
Ingredients certified by USP
40. NF
Ingredients certified by NF
41. FCC
Ingredients certified by Food Chemical Codex
42. ACS
Ingredients certified by Reagent Chemicals
43. AR
Analytical Reagent Grade. Assigned for high purity for analytic lab work
44. CP
Chemically pure
45. Technical
Cleared for use for food
Approved for use in cosmetics
48. Hermetic Container
Most secure container, impervious to air or other gas under normal conditions
49. OSHA
Occupational Saftey and Health Administration, responsible for enforcing Hazard Communication Standard (HCS)
50. MSDS
Material Saftey Data Sheets
51. Compounding Process
• Preparatory
• Compounding
• Final Check
• Sign Off
• Clean up
52. Topical
Delivers medication INTO skin
53. Transdermal
Delivers medication THROUGH skin (percutaneously)
54. Ointment: Hydrocarbon Base/Oleaginous
Difficult to wash off, prevent drying out. EX: Petrolatum, white/yellow ointment
55. Ointment: Absorption Base
Difficult to wash off, Can form emulsion base, EX: Hydrophilic petrolatum, lanolin
56. Ointment: Water Removable Bases
Resemble creams, May be diluted with water, EX: Methylparaben, white petrolatum
57. Ointment: Water Soluble Base/No oleaginous
Completely washable, Greaseless, EX: PEG
58. Selection of Base based on:
Release rate from ointment, drug absorption, "drying out", stability of drug, washability
59. Compounding ReQ for Ointments
Meet USP: Microbial content(preservatives); Minimum fill; Packaging, labeling, storage
60. Single-Phase Gel
No apparent dispersed macromolecules
61. Two-Phase Gel
Small distinct particles dispersed. Ex: Milk of Mag
62. PLO: Pluronic Lecithin Organgel
Used for transdermal drug administration. Two phases: 1 part Oil and 4 parts Water. Phospholipid liposomal microemulsion
63. Solutions
Liq preparations that contain one or more chemical substances dissolved in a solvent or mixture of solvents
64. Uses of solutions
Oral, Otic, Opthalmic, Topical
65. Composition of Solutions
Syrups, Elixirs, Spirits, Aromatic waters
66. Tinctures
Chemical substances dissolved in alcohol or hydroalcoholic solvent
67. USP-NF Pharmacopia
Set compounding standards
 Author: Anonymous ID: 36925 Card Set: FlashCardsCalcLectures.txt Updated: 2010-09-23 22:16:32 Tags: test Folders: Description: test Show Answers: