FlashCardsCalcLectures.txt

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Anonymous
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36925
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FlashCardsCalcLectures.txt
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2010-09-23 18:16:32
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  1. ss
    1/2
  2. l or i
    1
  3. V or v
    5
  4. X or x
    10
  5. L or l
    50
  6. C or c
    100
  7. D or d
    500
  8. M or m
    1000
  9. Roman Numerals: Large to Small
    Add numbers together
  10. Denominate Numbers
    Designate units of measures and total qty of whatever has to been measured (ex grams)
  11. Ratios 1:2 (1 to 2)
    Can be expressed as fraction 1/2, percentage 50%, and decimal 0.5
  12. Proportions (a is to b as c is to d)
    • a:b=c:d
    • a:b::c:d
    • a/b=c/d is most commonly used
  13. 1 meter=
    • 0.001 km
    • 1000 mm
  14. 1 inch = __cm
    2.54 cm
  15. 1tsp = __mL
    5 mL
  16. 1tbsp = __mL
    15 mL
  17. 1fl.oz = __mL
    30 mL
  18. 1 pint = __fl.oz = __mL
    • 16 fl.oz
    • 473 mL
  19. 1 qt = __fl.oz = __mL
    • 32 fl.oz
    • 946 mL
  20. 1 gallon = __fl.oz = __mL
    • 128fl.oz
    • 3785 mL
  21. 1kg = __lb
    2.2 lb
  22. 1 oz (dry) = __g
    28.4 g
  23. 1 gr = ___mg
    65 mg
  24. Sensitivity Requirement (SR)
    Minimum weight required to move pointer 1 division on scale. Class A balances SR: 6 mg. Min. weighed w/ error of 5% is 120 mg. (Formula: 6mg=0.05X)
  25. Percentage of Error (% Error)
    Maximum potential for error = 5 %
  26. % Error equation: SR
    (SR x 100)/Quantity to be weighed
  27. % Error: Actual and Intended Weight
    ((Actual - Intended)/Intended) x 100
  28. Aliquot
    Used to measure drug too small to be measured with prescision. Whole # part of whole: 2 is aliquot of 10
  29. Trituration
    grinding a drug in mortar to reduce particle size
  30. Levigation
    Reduce particle size of powders in ointments
  31. Spatulation
    Blending small amount of powders/solids/ointments
  32. Sifting
    Powders passed through sifter
  33. Tumbling
    Powder in rotating container
  34. Medicated Powders
    Internal, External, Inhalation
  35. Granules
    Flow well compared to powder. Prepared by wet methods. More stable to humidity
  36. Compounding
    Making and dispensing of drug from practitioner's drug order
  37. Manufacturing
    Drugs made from chemical/synthetic synthesis. Marketed, Resale
  38. Dosage forms
    Mechanism for safe and convenient delivery of accurate dosage
  39. USP
    Ingredients certified by USP
  40. NF
    Ingredients certified by NF
  41. FCC
    Ingredients certified by Food Chemical Codex
  42. ACS
    Ingredients certified by Reagent Chemicals
  43. AR
    Analytical Reagent Grade. Assigned for high purity for analytic lab work
  44. CP
    Chemically pure
  45. Technical
    Commercial grade
  46. Food Grade
    Cleared for use for food
  47. Cosmetic Grade
    Approved for use in cosmetics
  48. Hermetic Container
    Most secure container, impervious to air or other gas under normal conditions
  49. OSHA
    Occupational Saftey and Health Administration, responsible for enforcing Hazard Communication Standard (HCS)
  50. MSDS
    Material Saftey Data Sheets
  51. Compounding Process
    • Preparatory
    • Compounding
    • Final Check
    • Sign Off
    • Clean up
  52. Topical
    Delivers medication INTO skin
  53. Transdermal
    Delivers medication THROUGH skin (percutaneously)
  54. Ointment: Hydrocarbon Base/Oleaginous
    Difficult to wash off, prevent drying out. EX: Petrolatum, white/yellow ointment
  55. Ointment: Absorption Base
    Difficult to wash off, Can form emulsion base, EX: Hydrophilic petrolatum, lanolin
  56. Ointment: Water Removable Bases
    Resemble creams, May be diluted with water, EX: Methylparaben, white petrolatum
  57. Ointment: Water Soluble Base/No oleaginous
    Completely washable, Greaseless, EX: PEG
  58. Selection of Base based on:
    Release rate from ointment, drug absorption, "drying out", stability of drug, washability
  59. Compounding ReQ for Ointments
    Meet USP: Microbial content(preservatives); Minimum fill; Packaging, labeling, storage
  60. Single-Phase Gel
    No apparent dispersed macromolecules
  61. Two-Phase Gel
    Small distinct particles dispersed. Ex: Milk of Mag
  62. PLO: Pluronic Lecithin Organgel
    Used for transdermal drug administration. Two phases: 1 part Oil and 4 parts Water. Phospholipid liposomal microemulsion
  63. Solutions
    Liq preparations that contain one or more chemical substances dissolved in a solvent or mixture of solvents
  64. Uses of solutions
    Oral, Otic, Opthalmic, Topical
  65. Composition of Solutions
    Syrups, Elixirs, Spirits, Aromatic waters
  66. Tinctures
    Chemical substances dissolved in alcohol or hydroalcoholic solvent
  67. USP-NF Pharmacopia
    Set compounding standards

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