Psychology Week 1 Module 2
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Psychology Week 1 Module 2
Week Psychology Module
Psychology Week 1 Module 2 Roots
Wundt's approach, which focuses on uncovering fundamental metal components of consciousness, thinking,m and other kinds of metal states and activities.
A procedure used to study the structure of the mind in which subjects are asked to decribe in detail what they are experinecing when they are exppsed to a stimulus.
An early approach to psychology that concentrated on what the mind does, the functions of metal activity, and the role of behavior in allowing people to adapt to their environments.
An approach to psychology that focuses on the organization of perception and thinking in a "whole" sense rather than on the individual elements of perception.
5,000 B.C.E. Used to allow the escape of evil spirits.
430 B.C.E. Argues for four temperaments of personality.
1637, describes animal spirits.
1690, introduces idea of tabula rasa.
Franz Josef Gall
1807, Proposes phrenogogy, descerning the intelligence, moral character and other basic personality characteristics from the shape and number of bumps on a person's skull.
1879, Inaugurates first psychology laboratory in Leipzig, Germany and structuralism.
1890, Principals of Psychology was published. How behavior allows people to satisfy their needs and how our "stream of consciousness" permits us to adapt to our environment.
Functionalist model formulated.
1905, Works on memory.
1900, Develops the psychodynamic perspective.
Strong emphasis on intelligence testing.
1920, Most influential was the Gestalt psychology.
1904, Wins Nobel prize for work on digestion that led to fundamental principles of learning.
John B. Watson
1924, An early behaviorist publishes Behaviorism.
Leta Stetter Hollingworth
1928, Publishes work on adolescence.
1951, Publishes Client-Centered Therapy, helping to establish the humanistic perspective.
1953, Publishes Science and Human Behavior, advocating the behavioral perspective.
1954, Publishes Motivation and Personality, developing the concept of self-actualization.
1957, Publishes A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance, producing a major impact on social psychology.
Arugments regarding the genetic basis of IQ fuel lingering controversies.
1980, An influential developmental psychologist dies.
David Hubel and Torsten Wiesel
1981, Win Nobel prize for work on vision cells in the brain.
Increasing emphasis on cognitive perspective.
Greater emphasis on multiculturism and diversity.
2000, Does pioneering work on false memory and eyewitness testimony.
New subfields develop such as clinical neurpsychology and evolutionary psychology.
Views behavior from the perspective of biological functioning.
Examines how people understand and think about the world.
Focuses on observable behavior.
Contends that people can control their behavior and that they naturally try to reach their full potential.
Believes behavior is motivated by inner,m unconscious forces over which a person has little control.