HIM test 3

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philflrs
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37067
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HIM test 3
Updated:
2010-10-05 17:20:34
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vocab
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urnary & female repo
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  1. cali/o, calic/o
    calyx
  2. glomerul/o
    glomerulus
  3. meat/o
    meatus
  4. acute cystitis
    mucosa of the bladder is red and swollen
  5. hydronephrosis
    obstruction in the proximal part of a ureter
  6. hydroureter
    caused by a stone in the distal part of the ureter
  7. pyel/o
    renal pelvis
  8. ren/o
    kidney
  9. trigon/o
    trigone region
  10. ureter/o
    ureter
  11. urethr/o
    urethra
  12. vesic/o
    urinary bladder
  13. albumin/o
    albumin protein in the blood
  14. azot/o
    nitrogen
  15. bacteri/o
    bacteria
  16. dips/o
    thirst
  17. kal/o
    potassium
  18. ket/o, keton/o
    ketone bodies, ketoacids and acetone
  19. natr/o
    sodium
  20. noct/o
    night
  21. olig/o
    scanty
  22. -poietin
    substance that forms
  23. py/o
    pus
  24. -tripsy
    crushing
  25. ur/o
    urine (urea)
  26. urin/o
    urine
  27. -uria
    urination, urine cond.
  28. enuresis
    the involuntary discharge of urine or bed wetting
  29. nocturia
    voluntary, frequent urination at night
  30. glomerulonephritis
    follows streptococcal infection
  31. nephroitc syndrome
    Nephrosis group of clinical signs and symptons caused by excessive protein loss in urine
  32. polycystic kidney disease (PKD)
    hereditary asymptomatic urninary tract infections, hematuria
  33. hematuria
    red blood cells in the urine
  34. pyelonephritis
    inflam of lining of renal pelvis and renal parenchyma, small abscesses by infection
  35. hypernephroma
    cancerous tumor of kidney, often metastasizes to bones and lungs, treatment is nephrectomy or partial
  36. renal failure
    Kidney decreases excreation of wastes as a result of impaired filitration: acute or chronic, reversible or progressive, mild or servere
  37. renal hypertension
    hi blood pressure resulting from kidney disease, cause of renal failure, arterial/oe damage, myoInfarc
  38. diabetes insipidus
    antidiruetic hormone is not secreted adequately, or the kidney is resistant to its effect
  39. diabetes mellitus
    insulin is not secreted adequately or not used properly in the bdy
  40. amni/o
    amnion
  41. cervic/o
    nervix, neck
  42. chori/o chorion/o
    chorion
  43. colp/o
    vagina
  44. culd/o
    culd-de-sac
  45. culdecentesis
    a needle is placed through the posterior wall of the vag and fluid is withdrawn
  46. episi/o
    vulva
  47. episitomy
    an incision into the skin of the perineum enlarges the vag orifice for delivery
  48. galact.o
    milk
  49. gynec.o
    women. female
  50. gynecomastia
    enlargement of breasts in male
  51. hyster.o
    uterus, womb
  52. TAH
    total abominal hysterectomy
  53. removal of entire uterus including cervix, through an abdomial incision
    TAH: total abominal hysterectomy
  54. VH
    vaginal hysterectomy: is removal from the vag
  55. hysteroscopy
    using an endoscope to view the uterine cavity
  56. lactation
    the normal secretion of milk
  57. mastitis
    caused by streptococcal or staphylococcal infection
  58. mast/o
    breast
  59. men.o
    menses, menstration
  60. amenorrhea
    absence of menses for 6 months or for longer than three of the patients normal menstral cycles
  61. oligomenorrhea
    infreq. mens periods or scanty menses
  62. metr.o metri.o
    uterus
  63. metorrhagia
    bleeding between menses. Causes: ectopic pregnancy, cervical polyps and ovarian and uterine tumors
  64. my.o myom.o
    muscle, muscle tumor
  65. myomectomy
    removal of fibroids (myomas) from the uterus
  66. inner lining of the uterus
    endometrium
  67. area between the anus and the vag in females
    perineium
  68. dark pigmented area around the breast nipple
    areola
  69. finger like ends of the fallopian tube
    fimbriae
  70. ducts through which the egg travels into the uterus from the ovary
    fallopian tubes
  71. organ of sensitive erectile tissue in females, anteriod to urethral orifice
    clitoris
  72. nipple of the breast
    mamary papilla
  73. blood vessel filled organ that develops during pregnancy in the uterine wall and serves as a commuincation between maternal and fetal bloodstreams
    placenta
  74. lower neck like portion of the uterus
    cervix
  75. innermost membrane around the develpoing embryo
    amnion
  76. outermost layer surrounding the uterus
    chorion
  77. outermost layer surrounding the uterus
    uterine serosa
  78. lips of the vulva
    labia
  79. female gonads
    ovaries
  80. includes the perineum, labia and clitoris and hymen external genitalia
    vulva
  81. muscular mucosa lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body
    vagina
  82. embryo from the third month after 8 weeks to birth
    fetus
  83. tubes that carry milk within the breast
    lactiferious ducts
  84. sex cells the egg and sperm cells
    gametes
  85. organs in the female and male that produce gametes
    gonads
  86. ovaries, fallopian tubes and supporting ligaments
    adnexa uteri
  87. region of the abdomen between the rectum and the uterus
    cul-de-sac
  88. reproductive organs
    genitalia
  89. small exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice that secrete a lube
    bartholin glands
  90. developing a sac in the ovary that encloses the ovum
    ovarian follicle
  91. empty follicle that secretes progesterone after ovulation
    corpus luteum
  92. total hysterectomy does not mean that the overaies have been removed
  93. birth control pills contain estrogen and progesterone, high levels prevent ovulation and pregnancy
  94. hormone replacement therapy suggested after a TH with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
    maybe necessary to treat symptoms of estrogen loss (vaginal atrophy, hot flashes) and to prevent bone deterioation
  95. HPV does produce gential warts but not ovarian cancer. in some cases HPV infection may lead to cervical cancer
  96. a pap smear can detect abnormal changes in the cervix from cervical dysplasia to cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and carcinoma in situ
  97. the hormone hCG is produced by the placenta during pregnancy
  98. gynocomastia is a condition of increased breast development in males
  99. myomectomy means removal of muscle tumors (fibriods) endometriosis is abnormal location of uterine tissue outside the uterine lining
  100. a gravida 3 para 2 is a woman who has had two children but is pregnant with her third
  101. a nulligravida has had no pregnancies, a multigravida has had many pregnancies
  102. a pseudocyesis is a false pregnancy and a tubal pregnancy is an example of a ectopic pregnancy
  103. fibrocystic changes in the breast are a benign condition
  104. cystadenomas a glandular sacs lined tumor cells, they occur in ovaries
  105. FSH and LH are pituitary gland hormones. Estrogen and progesterone are secreated by the ovaries
  106. act of giving birth
    parturition
  107. gradual ending of menstrual function
    menopause
  108. beginning of the first menstrual period at puberty
    menarche
  109. release of the ovum from the ovary
    ovulation
  110. pregnancy
    gestation
  111. pert to no ovulation (egg is not released from the ovary)
    anovulatory
  112. widening
    dilatation
  113. natrual secretion of milk
    lactation
  114. women who has never given birth
    nulliparous
  115. inflam of ovaries
    oophoritis
  116. malignant tumor of the ovary
    cystadenocarcinoma
  117. chlamydial infection causing inflamation in the lower neck portion of the uterus
    cervictitis
  118. condition during pregnancy shortly ther after marked by hypertension, proteinuria and edema
    preeclampsia
  119. proteinuria
    excess forming in the urine
  120. edmea
    accumulation of fluid below the skin
  121. uterine tissue located outside the uterus, in the ovaries, cul-de-sac, fallopian tubes, or peritoneum
    endometriosis
  122. premature separation of a normally implanted placenta
    abruptio placentae
  123. placenta implantation over the cervical opening
    placenta previa
  124. malignant tumor of the placenta
    choriocarcinoma
  125. malignant condtition that can be diagnosed by pap smear, dysplastic changes in cells
    cervical carcinoma
  126. malignant conditition of the inner lining of the uterus
    endometrial carcinoma
  127. benign muscle tumor in the uterus
    leiomyoma
  128. contrast mats into uterus/ FTubes to obtain xray
    hysteroSalpingography
  129. visual exam of the vagina and cervix
    colposcopy
  130. widening the cirvical opening and scraping lining of uterus
    curettage
  131. withdrawl of fluid by suction with a needle
    aspiration
  132. hCG is measured in the urine or blood
    pregnancy test
  133. cells are scraped from the cervix or vag
    pap smear
  134. removal of internal gynacologic orgnas and adjacent structures inthe pelvis
    pelvic exenteration
  135. turning the fetus so that the head presents during birth
    cephalic version
  136. measurement of the dimensions of the pelvic bone
    pelvimetry
  137. the soft spot between the bewborns cranial bones
    fontanelle
  138. acute lung disease in the premature newborn: surfactant deficiency
    hyline membrane disease
  139. condition of a narrow opening of the stomach to the small intestine in the infant
    pyloric stenosis
  140. hemolytic disease of the newborn
    erythoblastosis fetalis
  141. accumulation of fluid in the spaces of a neonates brain
    hydrocephalus
  142. manner in which the fetus appears to the examinar during delivery
    fetal presentation
  143. condition resulting from inhalation of a thick sitcky black substance by the newborn
    meconium aspiration syndrome
  144. benign muscle tumors in the uterus
    fibriods/ leiomyomata
  145. no menses
    amenorrhea
  146. removal of an ovary
    oophrectomy
  147. condition of female breaset in a male
    gynocomastia
  148. ovarian hormone that sustains preg
    progesterone
  149. nipple shaped elevation on the breast
    mammary papilla
  150. localized cancer growth
    CIS: carcioma in situ
  151. FSH
    secreted from the pituitary gland stimulating ovaries
  152. D&C: diliation and Curettage
    diagnosing uterine disease
  153. multipara
    women has given birth to multiple
  154. egg and sperm cells are combined outside the body
    IVF
  155. surigcal delivery of an infant thru abdominal incision
    c-section
  156. Cx:
    cervix: lower neck region of the uterus
  157. TAH-BSO: surigical procedure to remove the uterus, fallopians, ovaries
    total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophrectomy
  158. primpara
    women has given birth for first time

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