SGU Pharm 1

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Author:
SGUVet2013
ID:
37105
Filename:
SGU Pharm 1
Updated:
2010-09-24 18:05:37
Tags:
SGU Pharmacology test drugs
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Description:
SGU Pharmacology 1 test 2 drugs
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  1. What type of drug?
    Dopamine
    • Adrenergic agonist (Catecholamine)
  2. Norepinephrine
    Adrenergic agonist (Catecholamine)
  3. Epinephrine
    Adrenergic agonist (Catecholamine)
  4. Isoproterenol
    Adrenergic agonist (Catecholamine)
  5. Methacholine
    • Cholinergic agonist - choline ester
    • infrequently used in veterinary medicine
  6. Carbachol (Lentin, Doryl)
    • Cholinergic agonist - choline ester
    • colic, impaction of intestinal tract, treatment of ruman atony and impaction in cattle
  7. Bethanecol (Myotonachol)
    • Cholinergic agonist - choline ester
    • Bladder contraction in urinary bladder atony/ primarily in small animals
  8. Pilocarpine
    • Cholinergic agonist - plant alkaloid
    • Pupillary constriction/miosis - glaucoma
  9. Arecoline
    Cholinergic agonist - plant alkaloid
  10. Physostigmine (Eserine)
    • Cholinergic agonist - inhibits acetylcholinesterase activity (reversible)
    • intermediate-acting (time)
    • Miosis of pupil
    • Reduce intraocular pressure
  11. Neostigmine bromide (Prostigmin)
    • Cholinergic agonist - inhibits acetylcholinesterase activity (reversible)
    • Intermediate-acting (time)
    • Stimulate ruminal activity
    • Myasthenia gravis in humans and myasthenia-like syndrome in dogs (DX and TX)
  12. Edrophonium chloride (Tensilon)
    • Cholinergic agonist - inhibits acetylcholinesterase activity (reversible)
    • Short-acting
    • Used to diagnose Myastenia Gravis
  13. Pyridostigmine
    • Cholinergic agonist - inhibits acetylcholinesterase activity (reversible)
    • Longer-acting
  14. Organophosphate compounds
    • Cholinergic agonist - inhibits acetylcholinesterase activity (irreversible)
    • Does not let go of Achase
    • Treat with Pralidoxime (2-PAM) - cholinesterase reactivator
    • or treat with atropine (muscarinic blocker) short-term until
  15. Pralidoxime (2-PAM)
    • Cholinesterase reactivator
    • Used to treat organophosphate poisoning
    • Injection only - Dogs 50 mg/kg; Cats 20 mg/kg
    • IV slowly over 30 min/1 hr q8hr 24-48
    • Most effective if given within 24 hours
    • Plus support therapy
  16. Atropine
    Cholinergic antagonist - muscarinic blocker
  17. Glycopyrrolate (Robinul)
    Cholinergic antagonist - muscarinic blocker (synthetic)
  18. Propantheline (Pro-Banthine)
    Cholinergic antagonist - muscarinic blocker (synthetic)
  19. Homatropine
    Cholinergic antagonist - muscarinic blocker (synthetic)

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