ABSITE ch 20 pituitary.txt

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alshada
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3712
Filename:
ABSITE ch 20 pituitary.txt
Updated:
2010-01-11 11:03:50
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pituitary ABSITE
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ABSITE pituitary
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  1. Portion of brain that secretes TRH, CRH, GnRH, and GHRH and dopamine into median eminence
    Hypothalamus
  2. Hormone that inhibits prolactin secretion
    Dopamine
  3. Portion of pituitary that secretes ADH and oxytocin
    Posterior pituitary (neurohypophysis)
  4. Area of neurohypophysis that secretes ADH
    Supraoptic nuclei
  5. Area of neurohypophysis that secretes oxytocin
    Paraventricular nuclei
  6. Area of pituitary that secretes ACTH, TSH, HG, LH, FSH, prolactin
    Anterior pituitary (adenohypophysis)
  7. Symptoms of pituitary mass pressing on CNII at chiasm
    Bitemporal hemianopia
  8. Treatment of macroadenomas
    Transphenoid resection
  9. Medical treatment for TSH and FSH/LH secreting tumors
    Bromocriptine
  10. Most common pituitary adenoma
    Prolactinoma
  11. Pituitary tumor causing galactorrhea, irregular menses, dec libido, infertility
    Prolactinoma
  12. Pituitary tumor causing HTN, DM, giantism
    Acromegaly
  13. Medical therapy of acromegaly preop
    Octreotide (inhibits GH)
  14. Diagnostic test for acromegaly (2)
    IGF1, GH
  15. Postpartum pituitary ischemia following hemorrhage and hypotensive episode
    Sheehan�s syndrome
  16. Calcified remnants of Rathke�s pouch causing endocrine abnormalities and headache
    Craniopharyngioma
  17. Pituitary enlargement after bilateral adrenalictomy, causing amenorrhea, bitemporal hemianopia, hyperpigmentation
    Nelson�s syndrome
  18. Treatment of Nelson�s syndrome
    Steroids
  19. Adrenal hemorrhage after meningococcal sepsis
    Waterhouse-Friedrichsen syndrome

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