Podiatry nervous and vascular diseases.txt

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Podiatry nervous and vascular diseases.txt
2010-09-25 15:41:34

Podiatry Nervous and Vascular system diseases
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  1. Atherosclerosis
    • - degeneration of arteries
    • - narrowing of arteries
  2. Arteriosclerosis
    hardening of arteries
  3. Thrombosis
    blood clot formation (thrombus)
  4. Embolus
    Clots that have broken loose and travel
  5. Aneurysm
    permanent dilation of blood vessel
  6. Raynaud's syndrome
    • - vasospasms of arteries in fingers and toes
    • - discoloration of digits
    • - triggered by cold, smoking, emotions, and diseases such as lupus
  7. Varicose veins
    enlarged, irregular veins b/c of failed valves
  8. Telangiectasia
    Spider veins (smaller than varicose)
  9. Thrombophlebitis
    inflammation of vein with blood clot formation
  10. Deep vein thrombosis
    inflammation of deep veins with formation of thrombi and can lead to emboli
  11. Lymphedema
    painless, insidious swelling causing decreased function of lymphatic system
  12. Lymphangitis
    inflammation of lymph vessels
  13. Lymphadenopathy
    Abnormal enlargement of lymph nodes
  14. Peripheral Neuropathy
    • Malfunction of nerves outside of CNS
    • Diabetic neuropathy is the most common
  15. Neuritis
    inflammation of nerve
  16. Neuroma
    • Nerve tumor
    • Perinural fibrosis on plantar aspect of foot b/t 3/4 toes
  17. Tarsal tunnel syndrome
    • inflamed tibial nerve
    • medial side of foot
  18. Sciatica
    inflamed sciatic nerve
  19. Ganglionic cysts
    soft tissue growth filled with synovial fluid
  20. Tenotomy
    surgical release of tendon
  21. Capsulotomy
    surgical release of joint capsule