PHARM ch 24, 25, 26

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ekruge01
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37166
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PHARM ch 24, 25, 26
Updated:
2010-09-25 00:20:57
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pharmacology
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Some pharmacology questions.
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  1. A major concern in the care of patients with emesis is the risk of aspiration?
    True or false?
    True
  2. Bulimics may use ipecac to augment the binge-purge cycle?
    True or false?
    True
  3. Anticholinergic antiemetics are agents of choice for management of nausea and vomiting in clients with benign prostatic hypertrophy?
    True or false?
    False
  4. Anatacid therapy can cause an increase in urinary Ph, which may effect the excretion of some drugs?
    True or false?
    True
  5. Research findings have established that antacid therapy facilitates healing of peptic ulcers?
    True or false?
    False
  6. Lansoprazole (Prevacid) acts by suppressing gastric fluid secretion?
    True or false?
    True
  7. Overuse of laxatives by the elderly is a common problem?
    True or false?
    True
  8. Prolonged use of laxatives will decrease the need and dose of laxatives needed to obtain a response?
    True or False?
    False
  9. Chronic constipation should be discussed with a physician?
    True or false?
    True
  10. A magnesium based anatacid may cause?
    A. constipation
    B. colitis
    C. diarrhea
    D. Bowel destruction
    C. diarrhea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Antacids should not be adminstered with oral doses of?
    A. ASA
    B. aspirin
    C. digoxin (lanoxin)
    D. acetamineophen (Tylenol)
    C. digoxin (lanoxin)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. In order for a antacid to have the longest duration of action, it should be adminstered?
    A. on an empty stomach
    B. With meals
    C. 1 hour before meals
    D. 1 hour after meals
    D. 1 hour after meals
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. ith Clients sometimes prefer chewable forms of antacids because of the convience. When this form of antacid is used, the nurse instructs the client to:
    A. Take a tablet on an empty stomach
    B. Chew the tablet completely before swallowing and follow it with a glass of water.
    C. Use the effervescent-type tablet
    D. Limit fluid intake when using chewable antacids
    B. Chew the tablet completely before swallowing and follow it with a glass of water.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. The nurse teaches the client that pepcid?
    A. causes atropine-like adverse effects
    B. decreases acid secretion in the stomach
    C. May prolong healing time
    D. is likely to cause constipation
    B. Decreases acid secretion in the stomach
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following is not a histamine H2-receptor antagonist?
    A. nizatidine (Axid)
    B. famotidine (Pepcid)
    C. Quinidine
    D. ranitidine (Zantac)
    C. quinidine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Which of the following classes of laxatives are most likely to cause dependence?
    A. bulk-forming laxatives
    B. Stimulants
    C. saline laxatives
    D. fecal wetting agents
    B. stimulants
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. All of the following are characteristics of the "ideal laxative" except?
    A. does not irritate the GI tract
    B. Works for several days beyond the first bowel movement
    C. Act rapidly with the production of a normally formed stool
    D. Does not interfere with drug or nutrient absorption
    B. works for several days beyond the first bowel movement
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The nurse explains to the client taking methylcellulose (Citrucel) that?
    A. This laxative may be adminstered by the oral or fecal route
    B. This type of laxative should be used for short term treatment only
    C. It should take just 3-4 hours for the client to experience a bowel movement
    D. It should be taken with a large amount of liquid
    D. It should be taken with a large amount of liquid
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The mucosal lining of the stomach may be irritated by?
    A. aspirin
    B. ibuprofen
    C. acids
    D. all of the above
    D. all of the above
  20. Which of the following measures should be considered for cleints with constipation?
    A. increase fluid intake
    B. inrease fiber intake
    C. Increase physical activity such as walking
    D. all of the above
    D. all of the above

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