CHAPTER 3 VOCAB
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in the lowest caste and had almost no rights in the society.
the actions in this life that will affect you in your next life
- was an Ancient Indian empire which existed approximately from 320 to 550
- CE and covered much of the Indian Subcontinent. The peace and
- prosperity created under leadership of Guptas enabled the pursuit of
- scientific and artistic endeavor. This was the golden age of India.
an epic of India, one of the Puranas attributed to Valmiki and concerned with the life and adventures of Ramachandra and his wife Sita.
an epic poem of India dealing mainly with the conflict between the Pandavas and the Kauravas, with many digressions: includes the Bhagavad-Gita.
an Indo-European, Indic language, in use since 1200 b.c. as the religious and classical literary language of India.
an ancient Indian Hindu treatise on statecraft, economic policy and military strategy
a monumental pile of earth or other material, in memory of Buddha or a Buddhist saint, and commemorating some event or marking a sacred spot.
was a Gupta Emperor. considered the last of the great Gupta Emperors.
“the enlightened one”. founder of Buddhism
- was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty who ruled almost all of the
- Indian subcontinent from 269 BC to 232 BC. He fought (and won) many
- battles. He converted to Buddhism.
founder of the Maurya empire. Was able to conquer most of the Indian subcontinent.
identified as the author of Arthashastra.
geographically extensive and powerful empire. founded in 322 BC by Chandragupta Maurya.
expanded rapidly across the northern part of the Indian subcontinen. diplomatic contacts with Rome, Persia and Han China.
a member of a people of Dravidian stock of S India and Sri Lanka.
the rebirth of ones soul after death.
freedom from the cycle of reincarnation in Buddhism.
an intellectual or spiritual guide or leader.
custom, duty, or one's own quality or character.
class of speculative prose treatises. represent a philosophical development beyond the Vedas, having as their principal message the unity of Brahman and Atman.
any of various designs symbolizing the universe, usually circular.
in Sanskrit literature, a treatise on love and sexual technique.
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