Forensic Organic Chem

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Author:
minna528
ID:
37544
Filename:
Forensic Organic Chem
Updated:
2010-09-27 08:57:59
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Forensic chem
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Description:
Orgo review
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  1. 1 Carbon
    Meth-
  2. 2 Carbons
    Eth-
  3. 3 Carbons
    But-
  4. 4 Carbons
    Pent-
  5. 5 Carbons
    Pent-
  6. 6 Carbons
    Hex-
  7. 7 Carbons
    Hept-
  8. 8 Carbons
    Oct-
  9. 9 Carbons
    Non-
  10. 10 Carbons
    Dec-
  11. Functional Group Classifications

    Alcohols
    -anol
  12. Functional Group Classifications

    Aldehydes
    -anal
  13. Functional Group Classifications

    Alkyl Halides
    (halo) alkane or akyl halide
  14. Functional Group Classifications

    Amides
    -anamide
  15. Functional Group Classifications

    Amines
    (alkyl)-amine
  16. Functional Group Classifications

    Carboxylic acid
    -anoic acid
  17. Functional Group Classifications

    Esters
    (alkyl)-anoate
  18. Functional Group Classifications

    Ethers
    di(alkyl) ether
  19. Functional Group Classifications

    ketones
    -anone
  20. Functional Group Classifications

    Nitriles
    -anenitrile
  21. R-OH
    alcohol
  22. Aldehydes
  23. R-X
    Akyl Halides
  24. Amides
  25. R-NH2 , R2NH, R3N
    Amines
  26. Carboxylic acid
  27. Esters
  28. Ethers
  29. Ketones
  30. Nitriles
  31. Benzene

    Root of many drugs and explosives
  32. Toluene
  33. Napthalene
  34. CH3OH
    Methanol
  35. CH2CL2
    Methylene Chloride
  36. CH3CH2OH
    Ethanol, Ethyl Alcohol
  37. S=C=S
    Carbon Disulfide
  38. Acetic Acid
  39. CH3CN
    Acetonitile
  40. H3CCOCH3
    Acetone
  41. CHCL3
    Chloroform
  42. Constitutional Isomers/Structural isomers
    The molecules functional groups and atoms are joined together in different ways
  43. Stereoisomers/Spatial Isomers
    The bond organization is the same between two given molecules, but the position of a molecules's functional groups and atoms within space differs
  44. Polar
    The greater the electronegativity difference between atoms in a bond, the more polar the bond

    Many drugs are polar in nature
  45. Non-polar
    Little to no electronegativity difference between atoms within a bond
  46. Petroleum based- Ignitable liquids
    • Primarily hydrocarbons
    • Alkanes, branched alkanes, cycloalkanes, aromatic compounds, polynuclear aromatic compounds
  47. Alcohol based- Ignitable Liquids
    Primarily alcohols or ketones

    EtOH, MeOH, IPA(isopropyl acohol), Acetone, MEK (Methyl Ethyl Ketone)
  48. High explosives are more often ________ in nature
    Organic
  49. Low explosives are more often ________ in nature
    inorganic
  50. Derivatives of _______ and _______ are common structural backbones for some classes of high explosives
    benzene and tolulene
  51. _________ often contain high nitrogen and oxygen contents
    explosives
  52. Nitrogen and oxygen are found commonly in explosives in the form of:
    nitro groups -NO2
  53. Many drugs have ionizable groups capable of _______/________ under acidic/ alkaline conditions
    protonation/deprotonation
  54. Cocaine exists as a ____________

    _____-cocaine and ______-cocaine
    Diastereomers

    • d-(pseudo)cocaine
    • I-cocaine
  55. Some oxygen containing compounds:
    fats and waxes, alcohols, terpenes, steroids, carbohydrates
  56. Nitrogen containing compounds
    Amines, amides, nitriles, Imines, Amino acids, nucleic acids, melatonin, artificial sweeteners, drugs, poisons, explosives

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