Forensic Organic Chem

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  1. 1 Carbon
    Meth-
  2. 2 Carbons
    Eth-
  3. 3 Carbons
    But-
  4. 4 Carbons
    Pent-
  5. 5 Carbons
    Pent-
  6. 6 Carbons
    Hex-
  7. 7 Carbons
    Hept-
  8. 8 Carbons
    Oct-
  9. 9 Carbons
    Non-
  10. 10 Carbons
    Dec-
  11. Functional Group Classifications

    Alcohols
    -anol
  12. Functional Group Classifications

    Aldehydes
    -anal
  13. Functional Group Classifications

    Alkyl Halides
    (halo) alkane or akyl halide
  14. Functional Group Classifications

    Amides
    -anamide
  15. Functional Group Classifications

    Amines
    (alkyl)-amine
  16. Functional Group Classifications

    Carboxylic acid
    -anoic acid
  17. Functional Group Classifications

    Esters
    (alkyl)-anoate
  18. Functional Group Classifications

    Ethers
    di(alkyl) ether
  19. Functional Group Classifications

    ketones
    -anone
  20. Functional Group Classifications

    Nitriles
    -anenitrile
  21. R-OH
    alcohol
  22. Image Upload 1
    Aldehydes
  23. R-X
    Akyl Halides
  24. Image Upload 2
    Amides
  25. R-NH2 , R2NH, R3N
    Amines
  26. Image Upload 3
    Carboxylic acid
  27. Image Upload 4
    Esters
  28. Image Upload 5
    Ethers
  29. Image Upload 6
    Ketones
  30. Image Upload 7
    Nitriles
  31. Image Upload 8
    Benzene

    Root of many drugs and explosives
  32. Image Upload 9
    Toluene
  33. Image Upload 10
    Napthalene
  34. CH3OH
    Methanol
  35. CH2CL2
    Methylene Chloride
  36. CH3CH2OH
    Ethanol, Ethyl Alcohol
  37. S=C=S
    Carbon Disulfide
  38. Image Upload 11
    Acetic Acid
  39. CH3CN
    Acetonitile
  40. H3CCOCH3
    Acetone
  41. CHCL3
    Chloroform
  42. Constitutional Isomers/Structural isomers
    The molecules functional groups and atoms are joined together in different ways
  43. Stereoisomers/Spatial Isomers
    The bond organization is the same between two given molecules, but the position of a molecules's functional groups and atoms within space differs
  44. Polar
    The greater the electronegativity difference between atoms in a bond, the more polar the bond

    Many drugs are polar in nature
  45. Non-polar
    Little to no electronegativity difference between atoms within a bond
  46. Petroleum based- Ignitable liquids
    • Primarily hydrocarbons
    • Alkanes, branched alkanes, cycloalkanes, aromatic compounds, polynuclear aromatic compounds
  47. Alcohol based- Ignitable Liquids
    Primarily alcohols or ketones

    EtOH, MeOH, IPA(isopropyl acohol), Acetone, MEK (Methyl Ethyl Ketone)
  48. High explosives are more often ________ in nature
    Organic
  49. Low explosives are more often ________ in nature
    inorganic
  50. Derivatives of _______ and _______ are common structural backbones for some classes of high explosives
    benzene and tolulene
  51. _________ often contain high nitrogen and oxygen contents
    explosives
  52. Nitrogen and oxygen are found commonly in explosives in the form of:
    nitro groups -NO2
  53. Many drugs have ionizable groups capable of _______/________ under acidic/ alkaline conditions
    protonation/deprotonation
  54. Cocaine exists as a ____________

    _____-cocaine and ______-cocaine
    Diastereomers

    • d-(pseudo)cocaine
    • I-cocaine
  55. Some oxygen containing compounds:
    fats and waxes, alcohols, terpenes, steroids, carbohydrates
  56. Nitrogen containing compounds
    Amines, amides, nitriles, Imines, Amino acids, nucleic acids, melatonin, artificial sweeteners, drugs, poisons, explosives
Author:
minna528
ID:
37544
Card Set:
Forensic Organic Chem
Updated:
2010-09-27 12:57:59
Tags:
Forensic chem
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