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2010-09-26 23:14:23
introduction criminal justice chapter

introduction to criminal justice chapter 6
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  1. The rights and responsibilities associated with a particular position in society.
  2. The behavior and actions that people expect from a person in a particular role.
    role expectation
  3. The psychological stress and frustration that results from trying to perform two or more incompatible responsibilities.
    role conflict
  4. Characteristics of police work
    • quick decision making
    • independent nature
    • dirty work
    • dange
  5. The different overall approaches to the police job.
    operational styles
  6. James Q. Wilson's three styles of policing
    • legalistic style
    • watchman style
    • service style
  7. Operational style, according to Broderick, where the emphasis is on order, with little respect for due process.
  8. Operational style, according to John Broderick, where the emphasis is on both social order and due process.
  9. Operational style, according to John Broderick, where the emphasis is on due process, with little priority given to social order.
  10. Operational style, according to John Broderick, where little emphasis is given to due process or social order.
  11. Per Muir, officers who have the necessary passion and perspective to be valuable police officers are...
  12. Per Muir, officers that have passion for the job, for enforcing the law, for taking decisive actions; there inner drive or value system allows them to be comfortable using force to solve problems...
  13. Per Muir, officers who lack the passion to do the job, have difficult time taking action, making arrests, enforcing the law, and their values make it difficult for them to use force to solve problems are
  14. Per Muir, officers who have neither the passion nor perspective, resulting in no recognition of people's problems and no action to resolve them are
  15. Patrolling the streets with little directions; between responses to radio calls, officers are "systematically unsystematic" and observant in an attempt to both prevent and ferret out crime. Also known as random patrol.
    preventive patrol
  16. Patrolling under guidance or orders on how to use patrol time.
    directed patrol
  17. The practice of having an entire patrol section make numerous traffic stops and field interrogations.
    aggressive patrol
  18. A temporary detention in which officers stop and question pedestrians and motorists they find in suspicious circumstances.
    field interrogation
  19. Investigative Functions
    • locate and arrest suspects
    • arrest criminals
    • collect, preserve, and analyze evidence
    • interview witnesses
    • interrogate suspects
    • write reports
    • recover stolen property
    • seize contraband
    • prepare cases and testify in court
  20. A unique genetic profile that can be derived from blood, hair, semen, or other bodily substances found at the crime scene or on a victim.
    deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
  21. Combined DNA Index Systems is known better as
  22. What agency manages CODIS?
    The FBI
  23. What is CODIS?
    a DNA database
  24. What does AFIS stand for?
    Automated Fingerprint Identification System
  25. What agency has the largest AFIS?
    The FBI
  26. The use of computer technology to commit crime is known as
  27. What drug enforcement strategy accounts for the greatest number of drug arrests and seizures?
    street-level enforcement