Cultural Anthropology

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anahoj
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37592
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Cultural Anthropology
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2010-09-27 00:19:43
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Cultural Anthropology
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Cultural Anthropology
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  1. physical anthropology
    The subfield of anthropology that studies both human biological evolution and contemporary racial variations among peoples of the world.
  2. paleontology
    The study of human evolution through fossil remains.
  3. primatology
    The study of nonhuman primates in their natural environments for the purpose of gaining insights into the human evolutionary process.
  4. race
    A subgroup of the human population whose members share a greater number of genes and physical traits with one another than they do with members of other subgroups.
  5. genetics
    The study of inherited physical traits.
  6. population biology
    The study of the interrelationships between population characteristics and environments.
  7. epidemiology
    The study of the occurrence, distribution, and control of disease in populations.
  8. ecofacts
    physical remains found by archaeologists that were used by humans but not made or reworked by them (for example, seeds and bones).
  9. archaeology
    The subfield of anthropology that focuses on the study of prehistoric and historic cultures through the excavation of material remains.
  10. artifact
    A type of material remain (found by archaeologists) that has been made or modifiedx by humans, such as tools, arrowheads, and so on.
  11. features
    Archaeological remains that have been made or modified by people and cannot easily be carried away, such as house foundations, fireplaces, and postholes.
  12. cultural resource mangagement
    a form of applied archaeology that involves identifying, evaluation, and sometimes excavating sites before roads, dams and buildings are constructed.
  13. anthropological linguistics
    The study of human communication within its sociocultural context.
  14. historical linguistics
    the branch of anthropological linguistics that studies how languages emerge and change over time.
  15. glottochronology
    The historical linguistic technique of determining the approximate date that two languages diverged by analyzing similarities and differences in their vocabularies.
  16. descriptive linguistics
    the branch of anthropological linguistics that studies how languages are structured.
  17. Ethnolinguistics
    The branch of anthropological linguistics that studies the relationship between language and culture.
  18. sociolinguistics
    The branch of anthropological linguistics that studies how language is used in different social contexts.
  19. ethnography
    The anthropological description of a particular contemporary culture by means of direct fieldwork.
  20. Ethnology
    The comparative study of cultural differences and similarities.
  21. Cultural anthropology
    The scientific study of cultural similarities and differences wherever and in whatever form they may be found.
  22. paleopathology
    the study of disease in prehistoric populations
  23. holism
    A perspective in anthropology that attempts to study a culture by looking at all parts of the system and how those parts are interrelated.
  24. ethnocentrism
    The practice of viewing the customs of other societies in terms of one's own.
  25. Cultural reletavism
    The idea that cultural traits are best understood when viewed within the cultural context of which they are a part.
  26. Emic approach
    A perspective in ethnography that uses the concepts and categories that are relevant and meaningful to the culture under analysis.
  27. Etic approach
    A perpective in ethnography that uses the concepts and categories of the anthropologist's culture to describe another culture.

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