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The study of the humanities.
- What does it mean to be human?
- What does it mean to live well as a human?
Why is time and place such a significant issue for human beings?
Define geography. Distinction between physical and cultural geography.
the scientific study of the Earth's surface in relationship to the people, physical characteristics, climate and natural resources.
- Physical Geography: Physical features of the earth
- Cultural Geography: The impact and incorporation of people
Define longitude and latitude.
- Longitude: Lines that run north and south
- Latitude: Lines that run east and west
Problem of map distorstion. Four aspects of maps.
- Area, shape, distance, direction.
- Mercator, Goode's, Robinson's, and Azimuthal
Three map projections. Strengths and weakness of each.
- Mercator-Direction and Shape(yes) Areas and distances(no)
- Goode's-Areas and Shape(yes) Distances and Direction(no)
- Robinson's-All are good but all are off by a little
Discription of six different information maps.
- Political- State or national boundaries, capitals, and mojor cities
- Physical- Shows mountains, rivers, lakes, elivation, and other natural features
- Topographical- Shows shape and elevation of the land forms
- Climate- Weather conditions
- Economic- Shows natural resources or economic activities of a place
- Road- Show primary and secondary transportation routes
Three divisions of the physical Earth.
Land, Air, Water
List the seven continents.
Asia, Africa, North and South America, Antarctica, Europe, Australia
Describe the three basic landforms.
- Mountains-A rocky mountain range
- Plains-Wide areas of level land
- Plateau-Wide areas of relatively flat land, like plains, but they rise abruptly above surrounding lands
The four oceans.
Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Artic
Four features of rivers.
Length, discharge, drainage basin, navigablilty
The difference between rivers, lakes and seas.
- Rivers-Water is in constant motion
- Lakes-Bodies of water fully enclosed by land
- Seas-Arms of the ocean partially enclosed by land
Two types of powerful internal forces working constantly and changing the surface of the Earth.
Plate Tectonics and Volcanic Activity
Two significant external forces working on the Earth's surface.
- Weathering-breakdown of rocks by water, plant roots, temperature changes, and the formation of ice and mineral crystals
- Erosion-The thing that removes the materials from the weathering
Explain three types of erosion.
Wind, Wave, Glacial
list and identify five types of weather patterns establishing climate regions.
- Arid-lacking moister
- Cold-bitter cold
- Moderate-rain fall temperatures
- Highlands-thin air and moist
Define a biome and describe the three basic types of biomes.
A major regional or global biotic community
- Forest-wherever trees are the predominant plant
- Grasslands-many tropical and temperate regions lacking sufficient rainfall to support forests
- Wastelands-barren most of the year because of low amount of precipitation