substitution of part for whole or whole for part; special for general or general for special
ten sail (ships)
Croesus (rich man)
All hands (sailors) on deck
plastic (credit card)
metonymy (change of name)
substitution of cause for effect, proper name for one of its qualities
scepter for sovereignty
Washington for federal government, John Hancock for signature
ear for attention,
pen mightier than the sword
similar origins, different function (wing of bird for flight, leg of horse for walking)
different origins, similar function (wing of bird, wing of bee, both for flight)
brunch, smog, frenemy
enjoying the misery of others
begging the question
logical fallacy in which the proof merely restates the premise, e.g. "She is unattractive because she is ugly"
lame-crippled-handicapped-disabled-physically challenged-differently able
state of particularity
rebirth, regeneration (palin = again)
(coined S. Wright, 1954)
word or phrase resulting from misinterpretation of what was heard
"Ye Highlands and ye Lowlands,
Oh, where hae ye been?
They hae slain the Earl O' Moray,
"and laid him on the green" (Lady Mondegreen)
"the girl with colitis goes by"
"If you see Kay/Tell him he may/See you in tea/Tell him from me" (Ulysses)
beyond the pale
palo: paling fence
nautical derivation: jury-mast, a temporary mast to replace broken or missing one
slightly, unsubstantially, defectively built
to turn inside out
to turn aside, prevent
any large, overpowering, destructive force or object: from Jagannath, crude idol form of Krishna
jump the shark
the point at which a popular television show has gone past its peak and has resorted to stunt programming
refers to episode of Happy Days
making love in a canoe
product of simple manual skill made by camper or scout
work of little or no value done merely to keep or look busy
1935, said to have been coined by R.H. Link, scoutmaster
popularized during the NewDeal as a contemptuous word for make-work
projects for the unemployed. Said to have been a pioneer word for "gadget."
1886, gadjet (but said to date back to 1850s)
sailors' slang word for any small mechanical thing or part of a ship
for which they lacked, or forgot, a name
perhaps from Fr. gâchette "catchpiece of a mechanism"
dim. of gâche "staple of a lock"
causing fright or fear
frightful, causing fear or respect;
but also full of fear, timid
ask, reserve in advance; indicate; foretell
Braggadocchio, Spenser Faeirie Queene (1590)
contradict, misrepresent, e.g.
"The newspaper belied the facts."
give the lie
demonstrate to be false, e.g.
"The evidence gives the lie to his testimony."
cabala, cabbala, kabala, kabbala
system of esoteric theosophy and theurgy developed by rabbis, reaching its peak about the 12th and 13th centuries,
and influencing certain medieval and Renaissance Christian thinkers. It was based on a mystical method of interpreting Scripture by which initiates claimed to penetrate sacredmysteries. Among its central doctrines: all creation is an emanation from the Deity and the soul exists from eternity.
1.a small group of secret plotters, as against a government or person in authority
2.the plots and schemes of such a group; intrigue. 3.a clique, as in artistic, literary, or theatrical circles.
1520s, "mystical interpretation of the Old Testament,"
later"society, small group meeting privately" (1660s),
from Fr. cabal ,in both senses, from M.L. cabbala.
Popularized inEnglish 1673 as an acronym for five intriguing ministers of
CharlesII (Clifford, Arlington, Buckingham, Ashley, and Lauderdale),
which gave the word its sinister connotations.
a small exclusive group of friends or people with common interests; clique
(1738, from Fr., originally an organization of peasants holding land from a feudal lord, from cotier "tenant of a cotter", cottager)
cf. cabal, cadre
1.the nucleus of trained professional servicemen forming the basis for the training of new units or other military expansion 2.a basic unit or structure, esp of specialists or experts; nucleus;core 3.a group of revolutionaries or other political activists, esp when taking part in military or terrorist activities
[1830, from Fr. cadre , lit. "a frame of a picture" (16c.), so, "a detachment forming the skeleton of a regiment" (1851), from It. quadro, from L. quadrum "a square" (see quadrille). The communist sense is from 1930.]
the attempt to reconcile contrary beliefs, often while melding practices of various schools of thought
ave atque vale
salutations and farewell
anything that relieves distress or pain
2. TOBIA GORRIO
1. scoff, mock, show disdain [ME flauten, to play the flute]
2. display boldly or conspicuously
andare a picco
founder, sink [inabbissarsi, a ship going down "a picco"]
homophonic: "Atheism is a non-prophet institution" - G. Carlin
recursive: "A Freudian slip is when you say one thing but mean your mother"
from pandit, Brahman learned in Sanskrit, esp. Hindu religion, philosophy, or law
displaying a definite tendency, bias, or purpose
from laws of Draco
1. insensitive, uninformed, materialistic
2. self-righteous, hypocritical, sanctimonious
leader, pacesetter, front-runner, trailbrazer
catchword, slogan; peculiarity of dress, pronunciation, comportment, etc. as distinction of a particular class or set of persons
divergence from moral conduct, rectitude, etc.; immorality,dishonesty, or the like; immorality,dishonesty, or the like.immorality,dishonesty, or the like. immorality, dishonesty, or the like
a confusing or obscure statement or passage of writing, esp. if deliberately so
again - say
oppose, deny, dispute
paper of Pergamum
from goats, sheep, etc.
from calf, lamb, kid
appease, relieve, soothe, mitigate, calm
manifestation of supernatural or divine reality; moment of great or sudden revelation
one who intrudes in some region or field of trade without qualification or license
1. inveigle (invogliare)
1. entice, beguile
protest vehemently, rail
originally a cut or mark in the ear of sheep and cattle, serving as a sign of
ownership; first recorded 1570s in figurative sense.
to outline; to foreshadow; to darken
face to face
incorrect grammatical construction; impropriety; breach of etiquette
(You don't have to be perfect to be a perfect parent--?)
theory that the self is the only thing that can be known and verified
A=B B=C A=C
1. chop, sever; but also
2. uphold, conform
non+plus = no further: perplexed
of or resulting from new combinations
coined by Dawkins in 1976, replicating idea through imitation, as a unit of cultural evolution
and per se "and" - referring to ligature for "et" at the end of the alphabet
science of interpretation
turn away, avoid
parchment scraped clean of its original scripture and used again
mob rule, government by the populace
roman à clef
novel with a key - fiction "hiding" reality
e.g., Divina commedia
novel of formation; of growth from childhood to maturity