Drugs Chapter 5

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Jerica2821
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37665
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Drugs Chapter 5
Updated:
2010-10-07 13:47:27
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Test chap
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for quiz 4
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  1. a. Actylcholine (ACH)
    b. Monoamines (biogenic amines)
    c. amino acids
    d. peptides (e.g Leu-Enkephalin)
    types of neurotransmitters
  2. 1. Catecholamines
    a. dopamine (DA)
    b. Norepinephrine (NE)
    c. Epinephrine (E)

    2. Indole amine
    a. serotonin = 5 hydroxytryptamine ( 5 HT)
    2 types of monoamines
  3. 1. Gamma aminobutyric acid -inhibitory
    2. Glutamate-excitatory
    3. Aspartate - predominantly excitatory
    4. Glycine mostly inhibitory
    examples of amino acids
  4. Acetylcholine
    Cholinergic
  5. dopamine
    Dopaminergic
  6. norepinephrine
    noradrenergic
  7. epinephrine
    adrenergic
  8. serotonergic
    serotonin
  9. GABA(in)ergic
    (GABA)
  10. GABA
    is a universal inhibitory neurotransmitter in all parts of the brain
  11. Peptides
    are long chains of amino acids molecules attacked in a specific order
  12. Beta-lipotropin
    peptide who is secreted by the pituitary gland. It is 91 amino acids long
  13. endorphins
    beta-lipotropin 16 to 30 amino acids long
  14. enkephalins
    beta-lipotropin 5 amino acids
  15. Dynorphin A
    consits of 17 amino acids
  16. neuromodulator
    • a substance that works at the synapse and influences the normal effect of the neurotransmitter at the synapse.
    • it may increase or decrease the action of the neurotransmitter or it may shorten or prolong its activity
  17. nucleus
    a collection of nerve cell bodies located inside the CNS
  18. Ganglion
    a collection of nerve cell bodies located outside if the CNS
  19. Tract
    a bundle of neurons located inside of the CNS
  20. nerve
    a bundle of neurons located outside of the CNS
  21. Cranial = sensory input to and motor
    Spinal = output from the CNS
    Somatic nervous system
  22. 1. sensory component 2. motor component= autonomic nervous system
    visceral nervous system










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