Drug Cards I-P

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Author:
1jeffdad
ID:
3767
Filename:
Drug Cards I-P
Updated:
2010-01-05 00:42:54
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Drug quiz 1 trade names class description indications contraonset duration dosage
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Drug quiz 1
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  1. Diphenhydramine
    Trade name
    Benadryl
  2. Vasopressin
    Trade Name
    Pitressin
  3. Glucagon
    Trade name
    Glucagon
  4. Amiodarone
    Trade name
    Cordarone
  5. Nitroglycerin
    Trade name
    Nitro
  6. Lidocaine
    Trade name
    Xylocaine
  7. Aspirin
    Trade name
    ASA
  8. Naloxone
    Trade name
    Narcan
  9. Diphenhydramine/Benadryl
    Class
    Antihistamine
  10. Vasopressin
    Class
    Vasoconstrictor
  11. Glucagon
    Class
    • Hormone/
    • Antihypoglycemic
  12. Amiodarone
    Class
    Antidysrhythmic
  13. Nirto
    Class
    Nitrate
  14. Lidocaine
    Class
    • Local anesthetic/
    • Dysrhythmias
  15. Aspirin
    Class
    • Anti-inflammatory/
    • Platelet inhibitor
  16. Naloxone
    Class
    Narcotic antagonist
  17. Diphenhydramine
    Description
    • Blocks histamine receptors/
    • has sedative effects
  18. Vasopressin
    Description
    Posses pressor and ADH properties
  19. Glucagon
    Description
    Used to increase glucose levels
  20. Amiodarone
    Description
    Prolongs the action potential duration in all the cardiac tissue and the effective refractory period.
  21. Nitro
    Description
    Potent smooth muscle relaxer
  22. Lidocaine
    Description
    Decreases phase 4 diastolic depolarization
  23. Aspirin
    Description
    Blocks formation of platelets and reduces mortality w/ MI
  24. Naloxone
    Description
    Competes for opiate receptors in the brain
  25. Diphenhydramine
    Indications
    • Anaphylaxis,
    • Allergic reactions,
    • Urticaria
  26. Vasopressin
    Indications
    Use to increase PVR during CPR, as an alternative to EPI
  27. Glucagon
    Indications
    • Hypoglycemia,
    • Beta blocker OD
  28. Amiodarone
    Indications
    • V Tach/V Fib
    • Prophylaxis of freq recurring/refractor VF
    • Hemodynamically unstable VT
  29. Nirto
    Indications
    • Angina
    • MI
  30. Lidocaine
    Indications
    • VT
    • VF
    • Wide-complex tachycardia
  31. Aspirin
    Indications
    • Chest pain suggestive of MI
    • S/S of recent stroke
  32. Naloxone
    Indications
    Complete/Partial reversal of depression by narcotics
  33. Diphenhydramine
    Contra
    • Asthma
    • Nursing Moms
  34. Vasopressin
    Contra
    • Don't use in patients w chronic nephritis
    • Ischemic heart disease
    • PVC's
    • Advanced arteriosclerosis
  35. Glucagon
    Contra
    Hypersensitivity
  36. Amiodarone
    Contra
    • Cardiogenic shock
    • Pulmonary congestion
    • Hypotension
    • sinus brady
    • 2 or 3 degree AV block
    • Hypersensitivity
  37. Nitro
    Contra
    • Hypotension
    • Increased ICP
    • Shock
    • Viagra
  38. Lidocaine
    Contra
    2nd and 3rd degree heart block
  39. Aspirin
    Contra
    • Hyposensitivity
    • Ulcers
    • Asthma
  40. Naloxone
    Contra
    • Hypersensitivity
    • Use caution in known/suspected narcotic dependent
  41. Diphenhydramine
    Adverse reactions
    • Sedation
    • Dries bronchial secretions
    • blurred vision
    • headache
    • palpitations
  42. Vasopressin
    Adverse reactions
    • Blanching of skin
    • AB cramps
    • hypertension
    • bradycardia
    • minor dysrhythmias
  43. Glucagon
    Adverse reaction
    • rare: hypotension
    • dizziness
    • headache
    • nausea
    • vomiting
  44. Amiodarone
    Adverse reactions
    • hypotension,
    • bradycardia
    • headache
    • dizziness
  45. Nitro
    Adverse reactions
    • Hypotension
    • dizzy
    • weakness
    • headache
    • tachycardia
    • skin rash
  46. Aspirin
    Adverse reactions
    • GI Bleed
    • nausea/vomiting
    • heartburn
    • wheezing
  47. Lidocaine
    Adverse reactions
    • drowsiness,
    • seizures,
    • confusion,
    • hypotension,
    • bradycardia,
    • heart blocks,
    • nausea/vomit,
    • resp and cardiac arrest
  48. Naloxone
    Adverse reaction
    • rare: hypotension,
    • hypertension,
    • vent dysrhythmias,
    • nausea/ vomiting
  49. Diphenhydramine
    Onset
    Max effects 1-3 hr
  50. Vasopressin
    Onset
    Immediate
  51. Glucagon
    Onset
    Within a min
  52. Amiodarone
    Onset
    Within minutes
  53. Nirto
    Onset
    1-3 min
  54. Lidocaine
    Onset
    30-90 sec
  55. Aspirin
    Onset
    15-30 min
  56. Naloxone
    Onset
    Within 2 min
  57. Diphenhydramine
    Duration
    6-12 hr
  58. Vasopressin
    Duration
    Variable
  59. Glucagon
    Duration
    60-90 min
  60. Amiodarone
    Duration
    Variable
  61. Nirto
    Duration
    30-60 min
  62. Lidocaine
    Duration
    10-20 min
  63. Aspirin
    Duration
    4-6 hr
  64. Naloxone
    Duration
    30-60 min
  65. Diphenhydramine
    Dosage
    • 10-50 mg IV/IM
    • Peds: 1-2 mg/kg
  66. Vasopressin
    Dosage
    • 40 U IVP
    • single use only
  67. Glucagon
    Dosage
    1- 1.5 mg IM,SQ,IV
  68. Amiodarone
    Dosage
    • V Fib or pulseless VT:
    • 300 mg IVP Initial,
    • followed by 2 150 mg doses q 3-5 min
    • Peds: 5 mg/kg IV/IO
  69. Nitro
    Dosage
    • 1 tab(0.04 mg) repeat 3-5 min.
    • Max:3 tab
  70. Lidocaine
    Dosage
    • Pulseless VT or VFib:
    • 1-1.5 mg/kg bolus.
    • repeat 0.5-0.75 mg/kg.
    • Max dose: 3 mg/kg
  71. Aspirin
    Dosage
    160-352 mg asap
  72. Naloxone
    Dosage
    0.4-2 mg IV
  73. Diphenhydramine
    Special consideration
    Preg Safety: Cat C
  74. Vasopressin
    Special consideration
    • Use with caution: Epilepsy,
    • Migraines,
    • Asthma,
    • Heart failure,
    • angina
  75. Glucagon
    Special consideration
    Preg safety: Cat B
  76. Amiodarone
    Special considerations
    Monitor ECG
  77. Nitro
    Special consideration
    Preg safety: Cat C
  78. Lidocaine
    Special consideration
    Preg safety: Cat B
  79. Aspirin
    Special considerations
    Preg Safety: Cat D
  80. Naloxone
    Special considerations
    Preg Safety: Cat B

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