8 - Articulations

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Author:
Vashinator
ID:
37712
Filename:
8 - Articulations
Updated:
2010-09-27 16:06:01
Tags:
BIO205
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Description:
Exam 1
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  1. Articulations
    • Joints
    • Union between 2 or more bones
    • Does not necessarily mean "movable"
  2. Classification
    • •Structure
    • –Fibrous B-F-B
    • –Cartilagenous B-C-B
    • –Synovial (joint cavity) B-JC-B
  3. Function
    • Synarthrosis - immobile
    • Amphiarthrosis - slightly movable
    • Diarthrosis - freely movable
  4. More Classifications
    • Sutures - Skull (b-ct-b)
    • Synostoses (b-b-b)
    • Syndesmoses (b-dense CT- b)
    • Gophoses (bone-tooth)
    • Synchondrosis (B-HC-B)
  5. Synovial Joints:
    • Joint Cavity:
    • - synovial membranes
    • - synovial fluid
    • Articular Cartilage - Hyaline Cartilage
    • Capsule : Dense fibroelastic CT
    • Ligaments (dense reg. elastic)
    • -bone-L-bone
    • -insert into capsule
  6. Synovial membranes
    • -Closed sacs containing synovial fluid
    • -may be found outside of joint cavity
    • Bursae
    • Retinculae
    • -function- cushion for tendons over bone
  7. Osteoarthritis
    • non-inflammatory degeneration of the articular cartilage

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