Apes chapter 1.txt

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xjusjaysonx
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37759
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Apes chapter 1.txt
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2010-09-27 18:25:10
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APES
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APES Chapter 1
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  1. Exponential growth
    Increase at fixed percentage per unit time
  2. Environment
    Total of all living and nonliving things that affect any living organism
  3. Environmental science
    The study of how the earth works, we interact with the earth, and how to deal w environmental problems
  4. Ecology
    Biological science that studies relationships between living organisms and environment
  5. Sustainability
    The ability of earths systems to survive changing environmental conditions
  6. Natural capital
    Natural resources and services that keep us alive
  7. Solar capital
    Warms the planet and supports photosynthesis
  8. Sound science
    Concepts and ideas widely accepted by experts of natural or social science
  9. Environmentally sustainable society
    Meets current and future needs of people for basic resources without compromising future generations
  10. Economic growth
    Increase in the capacity to provide people w goods and services
  11. Gross domestic product
    Annual market value of all goods and services produced by organizations operatimg within a country
  12. Per Capita GDP
    GDP divided by total population at midyear
  13. Economic development
    Improvment of human living standards by economic growth
  14. Developed countries
    Us, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and most European countries
  15. Developing countries
    Most of them in Africa, Asia, and Latin America
  16. Environmentally sustainable economic development
    Uses political and economic systems to encourage environmentally beneficial forms of economic development
  17. Resource
    Anything from the environment that meets our needs
  18. Perpetual resource
    Renewed continuously
  19. Renewable resource
    Replenished rapidly at a rate equal to exhaustion
  20. Sustainable yield
    Highest rate renewable resource used w/out reducing supply
  21. Environmental degradation
    We exceed resource's natural replacement rate
  22. Common-property
    Resources available to public at little or no chargr
  23. Tragedy of the commons
    Degradation of renewable free-access resources
  24. Ecological footprint
    Amount of biologically productive land and water needed to supply area w resources and absorb pollution produced by use
  25. Per capital ecological footprint
    Average ecological footprint of an individual
  26. Nonrenewable resources
    Exist in fixed quantity
  27. Recycling
    Involves collecting waste, processing it into new material, and selling producg
  28. Reuse
    Using a resource over and over in same form
  29. Pollution
    Presence of chemicals in high enough levels to threaten survival of living organisms
  30. Point sources
    Pollutants at single, identifiable source
  31. Nonpoint sources
    Pollutants are difficult to identify
  32. Pollution prevention (input pollution control)
    Eliminates production of pollutants
  33. Pollution cleanup (output pollution control)
    Cleaning up pollutants after they have been produced
  34. Poverty
    Inabillity to meet basic economic needs (concentrated in southern hemisphere)
  35. Affluence
    Unsustainable addiction to overconsumption
  36. Frontier environmental worldview
    Viewed continent as having vast resources to be conquered for human use
  37. Environmental worldview
    Set of values about what an individuals role in the world should be
  38. Environmental ethics
    Beliefs about what is right and wronf with how we treat the environment
  39. Planetary management worldview
    Naturr exists to meet our needs and wants, should be managed by us, and used to our benefit
  40. Stewardship worldview
    We have ethical responsibility to be responsible managers of the earth
  41. Environmental wisdom worldview
    We are totaly dependent on nature, it exists for ALL species
  42. Reliance on solar energy
    Sun warms planet and supports photosynthesis
  43. Biodiversity
    Great variety of genes, species, ecosystems, and ecological processes have provided many ways to adapt to changing environmental conditions
  44. Population control
    Competition for resources among species places limit on how much one population can grow
  45. Nutrient recycling
    Natural processes recycle all chemicals that living things need to survive and reproduce
  46. Social capital
    Getting people with different views to communicate, relate, and work together to build understanding of what the world could and should be
  47. Environmentalism
    Social movement dedicated to protecting the Earth's lifr support systems

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