Med/Surg Ch. 4
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Med/Surg Ch. 4
Objective data as perceived by the examiner?
Removal of fluids from a body cavity, wound, or other source of discharge by one or more methods?
Fluid, cells, or other substances that have been slowly discharged from cells or blood vessels through small pores or breaks in cell membrane, usually as a result of inflammation or injury?
Subjective data as perceived by the patient?
What is pruritus?
It is any disturbance of a structure or function of the body; a pathological condition of the body?
This disease develops slowly and persists over a long period, often for a person's lifetime?
This disease is partial or complete disappearance of clinical and subjective characteristics of a disease?
This disease begins abruptly with marked intensity of severe signs and symptoms and then often subsides after a period of treatment?
Results in structural change in an organ that interferes with its functioning?
May be manifested as organic disease, but careful examination fails to reveal evidence of structural or physiologic abnormalities?
Caused by an invasion of microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites that produce tissue damage?
Protective response of the body tissues to irritation, injury, or invasion by disease-producing organisms?
What are the cardinal signs of infection and inflammation?
Loss of function
The process of making an evaluation or appraisal of the patient's condition?
What is the initial step in the assessment process?
Nursing Health History
High-pitched, drumlike sound produced over hollow organs (i.e. stomach)?
Low-pitched, thudlike sound upon percussion of dense organ (i.e. liver)?
Soft, highpitched flat sound produced by percussion over tissue (i.e. muscle)?
What does the PQRST method stand for?
Concentration of attention on the part of the body where signs and symptoms are localized or most active in order to determine their significance?
What is the purpose of the nursing physical assessment?
To determine the patient's state of health or illness
Elasticity of the skin caused by the outward pressure of the cells and interstitial fluid?
Vibrating sensation along the artery?
Abnormal "swishing" sounds heard over organs, glands, and arteries?
Respiratory sounds produced by fluid in bronchioles and alveoli?
Respiratory sounds produced by the movement of air through narrowed passages in the tracheobronchial tree?
High-pitched, loud rushing sound heard over abdomen?
What is the pitting edema scale?
- barely perceptible
- mild (10-15 sec)
- moderate (30sec-1min)
What is the order of which we assess the abdomen?
What are the six steps of the Nursing Process?