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What are the 5 characteristics of life?
- 1: are made up of cells
- 2: grow and maintain their structure
- 3: respont to stimuli
- 4: reproduce and pass on organization
- 5: evolve and adapt
What are the 5 Kingdoms of living organisms?
What are the 3 Domains?
- 1: Archaea
- 2: Bacteria
- 3: Eukarya
What is the taxonomic classification order?
what are the levels of organization?
- (Abiotic) Atoms
- (Biotic) Cells
- Organ Systems
What is the smallest unit of matter that is non-divisible by chemical means?
Where are Protons and Neutrons found?
Inside the Nucleus of a cell
Where are electrons located?
On the energy levels (shells)
_______ are negatively charged
______ are positively charged
_______ have a neutral charge
Most atoms are considered to be _________ __________ because they have the same number of protons and electrons
Equal to the number of protons
Equal to the number of protons and neutrons
The one or two letter abreviation of an atom
Atoms give up or take on electrons in order to acheive a complete outer shell
What is the Octet Rule?
Atoms "want" to acheive 8 electrons in their outer most shell
What is formed when atoms share electrons?
______ is the loss of hydrogens and or electrons
______ is the gain of hydrogens and or electrons
What are the 2 types of chemical compounds?
Organic and Inorganic
______ are compounds that dissociate in water and relase hydrogen ionsaci
______ are compounds that dissociate in water and release hydroxide ions
what is the approximate pH of blood?
what are the 4 Compounds of Life?
- 1: Proteins
- 2: Carbohydrates
- 3: Lipids
- 4: Nucleic Acids
what is the basic unit of molecule of proteins?
What are the 4 Levels of Protein Structure?
- 1: Primary
- 2: Secondary
- 3: Tertiary
- 4: Quarternary
what are the types of carbohydrates
Monosaccharides are known as _____ ______ and have 3-7 Carbons
There are a wide variety of _____, but all are non polar
the basic unit molecule of nucleic acids is
A special nucleic acid is called ______ and is an energy carrier for cells
the _____ ______ states that all living thigs are composed of cells and that all cells come from pre-existing cells (life begets life)
How many cells are in the human body?
about 75 trillion
In the fluid mosiac model tell what is being described
- Fluid-Phospholipid bilayer
- Mosaic-protein organelles
Small bodies within the cell that have a specific structure and function are known as
the largest organelle of the cell is ______. it is called the control ceneter and contains the genetic info
______ and ______ are located within the nucleus
chromatin and nucleuolus
the system of tubular canals extending thru the cytoplasm is known as the
small granules attached to the ER or loose in the cytoplasm that function in protein synthesis are called
the shipping and receiving center or the cell that helps with secretion is known as the
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