Biology

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Anonymous
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38043
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Biology
Updated:
2010-09-28 15:16:39
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General Biology Notecards
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  1. What are the 5 characteristics of life?
    • 1: are made up of cells
    • 2: grow and maintain their structure
    • 3: respont to stimuli
    • 4: reproduce and pass on organization
    • 5: evolve and adapt
  2. What are the 5 Kingdoms of living organisms?
    • Anamalia
    • Plantae
    • Protista
    • Fungi
    • Monera
  3. What are the 3 Domains?
    • 1: Archaea
    • 2: Bacteria
    • 3: Eukarya
  4. What is the taxonomic classification order?
    • Kingdom
    • Phylum
    • Class
    • Order
    • Family
    • Genus
    • Species
  5. what are the levels of organization?
    • (Abiotic) Atoms
    • Molecules
    • Organelles
    • (Biotic) Cells
    • Tissues
    • Organs
    • Organ Systems
    • Organisms
  6. What is the smallest unit of matter that is non-divisible by chemical means?
    Atom
  7. Where are Protons and Neutrons found?
    Inside the Nucleus of a cell
  8. Where are electrons located?
    On the energy levels (shells)
  9. _______ are negatively charged
    Electrons
  10. ______ are positively charged
    Protons
  11. _______ have a neutral charge
    Neutrons
  12. Most atoms are considered to be _________ __________ because they have the same number of protons and electrons
    Electrically Neutral
  13. Equal to the number of protons
    Atomic Number
  14. Equal to the number of protons and neutrons
    Atomic Weight
  15. The one or two letter abreviation of an atom
    Atomic Symbol
  16. Atoms give up or take on electrons in order to acheive a complete outer shell
    Ionic Reaction
  17. What is the Octet Rule?
    Atoms "want" to acheive 8 electrons in their outer most shell
  18. What is formed when atoms share electrons?
    Covalent Bonds
  19. ______ is the loss of hydrogens and or electrons
    Oxidation
  20. ______ is the gain of hydrogens and or electrons
    Reduction
  21. What are the 2 types of chemical compounds?
    Organic and Inorganic
  22. ______ are compounds that dissociate in water and relase hydrogen ionsaci
    Acids
  23. ______ are compounds that dissociate in water and release hydroxide ions
    Bases
  24. what is the approximate pH of blood?
    7.4
  25. what are the 4 Compounds of Life?
    • 1: Proteins
    • 2: Carbohydrates
    • 3: Lipids
    • 4: Nucleic Acids
  26. what is the basic unit of molecule of proteins?
    Amino Acids
  27. What are the 4 Levels of Protein Structure?
    • 1: Primary
    • 2: Secondary
    • 3: Tertiary
    • 4: Quarternary
  28. what are the types of carbohydrates
    • Monosaccharides
    • Disaccharides
    • Polysaccharides
  29. Monosaccharides are known as _____ ______ and have 3-7 Carbons
    Simple Sugars
  30. There are a wide variety of _____, but all are non polar
    lipids
  31. the basic unit molecule of nucleic acids is
    neucleotides
  32. A special nucleic acid is called ______ and is an energy carrier for cells
    ATP
  33. the _____ ______ states that all living thigs are composed of cells and that all cells come from pre-existing cells (life begets life)
    cell theory
  34. How many cells are in the human body?
    about 75 trillion
  35. In the fluid mosiac model tell what is being described
    • Fluid-Phospholipid bilayer
    • Mosaic-protein organelles
  36. Small bodies within the cell that have a specific structure and function are known as
    Organelles
  37. the largest organelle of the cell is ______. it is called the control ceneter and contains the genetic info
    nucleus
  38. ______ and ______ are located within the nucleus
    chromatin and nucleuolus
  39. the system of tubular canals extending thru the cytoplasm is known as the
    Endoplasmic Reticulum
  40. small granules attached to the ER or loose in the cytoplasm that function in protein synthesis are called
    ribosomes
  41. the shipping and receiving center or the cell that helps with secretion is known as the
    golgi apparatus

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