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2010-09-28 17:32:31

Political Science P1
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  1. Politics
    Deciding who gets what, when and how
  2. Government
    A social organization extending to the whole of society that can legitimately use force to carry out its decisions
  3. Power
    the ability of one person to cause another person to act in accordance with the first person’s intentions
  4. Authority
    the right to use power
  5. Legitimacy
    what makes a law or constitution a source of right
  6. The Framers’ View
    • •Government would mediate, nor mirror, popular
    • views

    • •People were viewed as lacking knowledge and
    • susceptible to manipulation

    • •Framers’ goal: to minimize the abuse of power
    • by a tyrannical majority or by officeholders
  7. Types of Government
    •Autocracy- Single person rule

    •Oligarchy- Small group of powerful people

    •Monarchy- Rule by royalty

    •Democracy- Rule by the people
  8. Democracy
    • –Pure democracy- Direct rule by
    • the people on all issues

    • –Representative Democracy- Where
    • the people chose officials to make their decisions for them
  9. Problems in Representative Democracy
    • - Elitism
    • - Pluralism
    • - Majoritarianism
  10. Elitism
    The theory that all societies, even democracies are divided into the few who govern and the many who do not. According to this theory, those in power rule for self-interest
  11. Pluralism
    The theory that democracy can be achieved through competition among multiple organized groups
  12. Majoritarianism
    the political theory that, in a democracy, the government should do what the majority of the people want.
  13. How does Government Carry out its duties
    •Public Policy


  14. Paradox of Democracy
    •Minority rights versus Majority Rule

    •Individual Rights versus Common Good
  15. Ideology
    •A set of ideas concerning the proper political and economic system under which people should live.
  16. Basic forms of Ideology
    • - Centrist
    • - Conservatives
    • - Liberals
    • - Authoritarians
  17. Centrist
    favor selective government intervention and emphasize practical solutions to current problems. They tend to keep an open mind on new issues. Many centrists feel that government serves as a check on excessive liberty.
  18. Conservatives
    preferself-government on economic issues, but want official standards in personal matters. They want the government to defend the community from threats to its moral fiber.
  19. Liberals
    prefer self-government in personal matters and central decision-making on economics. They want government to serve the disadvantaged in the name of fairness. Leftists tolerate social diversity, but work for economic equality.
  20. Authoritarians
    want government to advance society and individuals through expert central planning. They often doubt whether self-government is practical.