First Aid- Walker Exam1
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First Aid- Walker Exam1
David walker first aid exam
Exam 1, chapters 1-6?
Two types of breathing emergencies
: most common
bluish discoloration of the skin around the mouth or fingertips resulting from a lack of oxygen in the blood
viral infection that causes swelling of the tissues around the vocal cords.
bacterial infection that causes a severe inflammation of the epiglottis
most common cause of respiratory emergencies
anatomical- swelling, etc
How respiratory arrest is cared for
ABC's of breathing- listing
: Push down on the forehead
while pulling up the bony part of the jaw.
This opens the airway by moving the tongue away from the
back of the throat and allowing air to enter the lungs.
After opening the airway
: Look, listen and feel for
breathing/movement for no more than 10 seconds.
If no breathing is detected perform 2 rescue breaths,
each lasting about 1 second.
Check for a pulse on children and infants.
If no pulse is detected and/or air is going into the
lungs but the victim is not breathing on their own, perform CPR.
When an adult’s heart stops beating it is usually a
result of disease.
In the case of an infant/child it is usually the result
of a breathing emergency.
After giving two rescue breaths and detecting no signs
of life, CPR should be performed.
Questions to ask victim
What is your name?
Do you feel pain/discomfort anywhere?
Do you have any allergies?
Do you have any medical conditions?
How to transport a victim ?
Make sure you know the quickest route to emergency care
Ask someone to go with you if at all possible to keep
Pay close attention to the victim’s condition
A body cavity is a space in the body that contains organs such as the liver, lungs and heart
5 Major cavities- short answer
cranial-head, skull, brain
spinal-bottom of skull to lower back,spinal cord
thoracic- trunk, contains heart and lungs
abdominal- trunk between diaphragm and pelvis, most organs
pelvic- located in pelvis, bladder, rectum, reproductive organs,
passage of a disease from one person to another
Difference between bacteria and viruses
Bacteria is everywhere and most does not infect humans
VIRUSES- depend on
other organisms to live and reproduce.
3 blood borne pathogens and how they are spread
Hepatitis B virus (HBV)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV)
All three can be
spread through direct contact transmission as well as indirect contact transmission with infected blood or other body fluids.
Blood splashing in the eye, or directly touching body fluids from an infected person
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
Wear disposable, single use gloves.
Remove jewelry before wearing gloves.
Cover any cuts scrapes or sores prior to wearing protective equipment.
DO NOT use disposable gloves that are discolored, torn or punctured.
DO NOT clean or reuse gloves.
Wear mask, eyewear or gown if potential for splash exists
Use breathing barriers when giving rescue breaths.
Remove disposable gloves w/out contacting soiled part of the gloves and dispose them in proper container.
Conscious victim as the right to refuse or accept care.
To get consent you must tell victim:
Who you are
Your level of training
The care you would like to give them.
: consent is implied
Consent is also implied for an infant or child if parent/guardian is not available.
Prevalence of Good Samaritan laws in U.S.
All states have them
When a citizen responds to emergency and acts as a reasonable and prudent person, Good Samaritan immunity generally prevails.
Legal immunity protects citizen responders from being sued
*Reasonable and prudent responder would:
Move a victim only if his/her life was endangered.
Check the victim for life threatening emergencies before giving further care.
Ask conscious victim for permission
Give care only to the level of his/her training
Continue to give care until more highly trained personnel arrive.
Four common types of emergency moves- listing
Walking assist- most basic, performed by one or two responders to a conscious victim
Pack Strap Carry- can be used on conscious or unconscious victim
Two Person Seat Carry- used for any victim who is conscious and not seriously injured
Clothes Drag- used to move conscious or unconscious victim who is suspected of head, neck or back injury
Steps involved in checking the scene
Is the scene safe?
How many victims are there?
Are bystanders available to help?
Two types of emerencies
Ex. Heart attack or Severe Allergic Reaction
Ex. Damage to the body from external force
Emergency action steps