ENTM 506

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Author:
jdenniso
ID:
38107
Filename:
ENTM 506
Updated:
2010-09-28 18:43:03
Tags:
insect orders
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Description:
Insect orders
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  1. Entognatha
    • protura
    • collembola
    • diplura
  2. Protura
    • Very small
    • White
    • No cerci
    • No antennae (forelegs are projected forward as antenna)
  3. Collembola
    • [springtails]
    • very small
    • No cerci
    • Have a collophore and furcula
    • short antennae
  4. Diplura
    • very small
    • no eyes
    • cerci
    • look similar to a silverfish
    • long antennae (have muscles)
  5. Apterygote
    • Microcoryphia
    • thysanura
  6. Microcoryphia
    • [bristletails]
    • large compound eyes-contiguous
    • arched thorax
    • monochodylic mandible
    • 3 tails
  7. Thysanura
    • [silverfish]
    • small compound eyes-not contiguous
    • depressed thorax
    • covered in scales
    • 3 tails
  8. Paleopterous
    • Ephemeroptera
    • Odonata
  9. Ephemeroptera Adults
    • [Mayflies]
    • ADULTS:
    • 4 membraneous wings, triangular
    • 2-3 long tails
    • vestigial mouthparts
  10. Ephemeroptera larva
    • [mayflies]
    • LARVA:
    • aquatic
    • 2-3 tailsonly
    • forewingpads fully exposed from abovepaired serial platelike gills on abdomen
  11. Odonata adults
    • [dragonflies, damselflies]
    • 4 membranous wings-elongated
    • no tails
    • large eyes
    • short antennae
  12. Odonata larva
    • [dragonflies, damselflies]
    • aquatic
    • 4 wingpads parallel to each other
    • prehensile labium
    • no tails
    • no gills
  13. Orthopteroid
    • Orthoptera
    • Phasmatodea
    • Grylloblattodea
    • Mantophasmatodea
    • Dermaptera
    • Plecoptera
    • Embiidina
    • Aoraptera
    • Isoptera
    • Mantodea
    • Blattodea
  14. Orthoptera
    • [grasshoppers, crickets, katydids]
    • jumping hindlegs
    • 2-4 seg. tarsi
    • wings and wingless
  15. Phasmatodea
    • [wallking sticks, leaf insects]
    • sticklike or leafelike apperance
    • 5 seg. tarsi
  16. Grylloblattodea
    • [Rock crawlers]
    • secondarily wingless
    • cerci and antennae
    • 5 seg. tarsi
  17. Mantophasmatodea
    • [heel walkers]
    • triangulate face
    • no raptorial forelegs
    • prolonged prothorax
    • secondarily wingless
  18. Dermaptera
    • [earwigs]
    • forceps like cerci
    • 4 wings
  19. Plecoptera adults
    • [stoneflies]
    • depressed body
    • 4 wings flat at rest
    • 2 tails
    • 3 seg. tarsi
  20. Plecoptera larva
    • [stoneflies]
    • aquatic
    • long seg. antennae
    • 2 tails
    • hindwingpads fully exposed
    • no gills
  21. Embiidina
    • [webspinners]
    • 3 seg. tarsi
    • 4 wings
    • foretarsal seg. enlarged (spinneret)
  22. Zoraptera
    • 1 seg. short cerci with terminal bristle
    • 9 seg. antennae
    • 2 seg. tarsi
  23. Isoptera
    • [termites]
    • long antennae
    • 4 seg tarsi
    • wings and wingless
  24. Mantodea
    • [mantids]
    • body, legs, and prothorax elongated
    • raptorial forelegs
  25. Blattodea
    • [cockroaches]
    • depressed body
    • 4 wings or wingless
    • 5 seg tarsi
    • head concealed from above
  26. Hemipteroid
    • Hemiptera
    • Thysanoptera
    • psocoptera
    • phthiraptera
  27. Hemiptera
    • [bugs, cicadas, hoppers, whiteflies]
    • some aquatic
    • fluid feeding
    • 2-4 wings or wingless
    • Hemielytra wings (cross each other at rest)
    • rooflike wings (at rest)
  28. Thysanoptera
    • [Thrips]
    • 4 wings or wingless
    • developed wings narrow and rodlike and fringed with long hairs
    • conelike beak posterior on head
  29. Psocoptera
    • [booklice, barklice]
    • long filamentous antennae
    • 4 wings or wingless
    • front of head with conspicuously enlarged clypeus (frontal bulge)
  30. Phthiraptera
    • [lice]
    • ectoparasite
    • wingless
    • depressed body
    • tarsal claws
  31. Neuropteroid
    • Coleoptera
    • Neruoptera
  32. coleoptera adults
    • [beetles]
    • 4 wings
    • forewings like elytra-meeting midline of body
    • chewing mp
  33. coleoptera larva
    • [beetles]
    • well developed head
    • thoracic legs
    • no prolegs
    • campodeiform
    • platyform
    • elateriform
    • vermiform
  34. Neuroptera adults
    • [alderflies, fishflies, lacewings, antlions]
    • 4 membraneous wings-rooflike at rest
    • chewing mp
    • 5 seg tarsi
  35. Neuroptera larva
    • some aquatic
    • capodeiform
    • chewing mp
    • aquatic forms: sucking mp, single terminal tail, or 2 prolegs with 2 hooks
    • terrestrial forms: mandibles for sucking jaw or labrum absent
  36. Hymenopteroid
    hymenoptera
  37. Hymanoptera adults
    • [sawflies, wasps, ants, bees]
    • 4 wings
    • forewings always larger than hindwings
    • well developed ovipositer
  38. Hymenoptera larva
    some eruciform
  39. Panorpoid
    • trichoptera
    • Lepidoptera
    • siphonaptera
    • mecoptera
    • strepsiptera
    • diptera
  40. trichoptera adults
    • [caddisflies]
    • 4 wings-clothed with hairs, help rooflike at rest
    • filamentous antennae, very long
    • chewing mp
  41. Trichoptera Larva
    • [caddislies]
    • abdomen ending in a pair of anal prolegs-each with a single claw
  42. Lepidoptera adults
    • [butterflies, moths]
    • 4 large scaley wings
    • plumose, club, spindle antennae
    • tubelike mp
  43. Lepidoptera larva
    • eruciform with 2-5 prolegs
    • prolegs with crochets
    • stemmata
    • labium with spinneret
    • few aquatic
  44. Mecoptera adults
    • [scorpionflies]
    • elongated head
    • 4 subequal wings
    • abdomen forms scorpionlike tail in males
  45. Mecoptera larva
    • eruciform with 6-8 prolegs
    • scarabaeiform with no prolegs, no tarsal claws
  46. Strepsiptera adult
    • [twisted-wing parasite]
    • males-forewings reduced to pegs, fanlike hindwings and bulging eyes and antennae
    • females-parasitic, no eyes, antennae, or legs
  47. strepsiptera larva
    • campodeiform with 3 tarsal claws
    • later parasitic veriform fused head and thorax.
  48. Diptera adults
    • [flies, mosquitoes]
    • forewings membraneous
    • hindwings halteres
    • sponging, lapping, sucking mp
    • tiny antennae
  49. diptera larva
    • internal parasites
    • aquatic
    • prolegs present
    • head-present, retracted, or lacking

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