form of dosage.txt
Card Set Information
form of dosage.txt
Solid form of dosage
lozeges, troches, patches
Liquid form of dosage
sprays, inhalants, emulsions, suspensions, enemas
Semisolid form of dosage
cream, lotion, ointments, powders, gelatins, suppositories.
The main difference between capsules and caplets is
capsules can be pulled apart
type of capsule that is shaped differently for identification purposes
some hard-shelled capsule that does not come apart because
to ensure tamper resistant
releases the medication more slowly; similar to hard candy; chalky consistency
For angina, nitroglycerin patches
For chronic pain, Duragesic (fentanyl patch)
For motion sickness, scopolamine transdermal patches
Common devices available OTC inhalants and aerosols are
vaporizers and humidifiers
Metered dose inhalers (MDIs)
dispense a specific amount of drug with each puff or inhalation. MDIs are used for asthma, bronchitis, or emphysema
Enemas might be administered for two different reasons:
retention or evacuation. Most common use is to evacuate the lower intestine to prepare for surgeries or for women in labor
contain a smaller amount of liquid base than solids. They are able to absorb skin secretions, unlike other topical agents
Can be used both rectally and vaginally, bypass the stomach
the Greek and means "side of intestine" or "outside of intestine"
sublingual, tablet, sprays
buccal, in the cheek; lozenge/troche
Per rectum; suppository, solution, enema, ointment
intrathecal, in the spine; solution
intraarterial, in the artery; solution
natural body barriers
the skin, stomach, intestines, blood-brain barrier, and other membranous tissues,How well the drug passes through these barriers is the one factor that determines its ultimate effectiveness
the taking in of nutrients from food and liquids
the amount of drug that reaches its intended destination by being absorbed into the bloodstream
the difference between a drug that is mnaufactured in a diffeent dosage form or by a different company; include the rate of absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion
the ability of a drug to pass into the bloodstream
elimination of waste products through stools and urine
to place into; instrutions used for ophthalmeic or otic drugs.
the physical and chemical changes that take place within an organism.
the life of the drug, which includes absorption, metabolism, distribution, and excretion.
Weak salth acid/base, ie. hydrochloric acid
helps dissolve drug easier once it arrives in the GI system
Preservative, i.e. Phenol
improves shelf life
Antifugal, i.e.Benzonic acid
prevents fugal growth
Base, i.e. Petrolatum
main component to which medication is added for ointments and creams.
"refrigerate or keep forzen"
the contents should never be left lying aroung to thaw and become unusable