endocrine glands and hormones

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Author:
shanice108
ID:
38319
Filename:
endocrine glands and hormones
Updated:
2010-09-29 08:36:29
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human bio
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Description:
the major endocrine glands and their hormones
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  1. Where is the production site of Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
    Anterior Pituitary
  2. Where are the target cells/organs for Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
    • In males: testes
    • In females: ovaries, follicles
  3. What is the effect of Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) on its target cells/organs
    • In males: production of sperm
    • In females: maturation of primary follicle
  4. Where is the production site of Luteinising Hormone (LH)
    Anterior Pituitary
  5. Where are the target cells/organs for Luteinising Hormone (LH)
    • In males: interstitial cells
    • In females: graafian follicle
  6. What is the effect of Luteinising Hormone (LH) on its target cells/organs
    • In males: production of testosterone
    • In females: ovulation, formation of the corpus luteum
  7. Where is the production site of Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
    Anterior Pituitary
  8. Where are the target cells/organs for Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
    Thyroid
  9. What is the effect of Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) on its target cells/organs
    Thyroid produces thyroxine
  10. Where is the production site of Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone (ACTH)
    Anterior Pituitary
  11. Where are the target cells/organs for Adrenocorticothropic Hormone (ACTH)
    Adrenal Cortex
  12. What is the effect of Adrenocorticotrophic Hormone (ACTH) on its target cells/organs
    Produces hormones of the adrenal cortex - glucocorticoids
  13. Where is the production site of Growth Hormone (GH)
    Anterior Pituitary
  14. Where are the target cells/organs for Growth Hormone (GH)
    All body cells, liver in particular
  15. What is the effect of Growth Hormone (GH) on its target cells/organs
    Growth, protein, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism
  16. Where is the production site of Prolactin
    Anterior Pituitary
  17. Where are the target cells/organs for Prolactin
    Mammary glands (gland cells of the breast)
  18. What is the effect of Prolactin on its target cells/organs
    Milk production
  19. Where is the production site of Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
    Posterior Pituitary
  20. Where are the target cells/organs for Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
    Kidneys- cells of the collecting ducts and distal convoluted tubule
  21. What is the effect of Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) on its target cells/organ
    Water reabsorption when body's water levels are low
  22. Where is the production site for Oxytocin
    Posterior Pituitary
  23. Where are the target cells/organs for Oxytocin
    Ducts of the breast, uterus
  24. What is the effect of Oxytocin on its target cells/organs
    Milk production, contractions during labour
  25. Where is the production site for Testosterone
    Testes
  26. Where are the target cells/organs for Testosterone
    Testes, body cells
  27. What is the effect of Testosterone on its target cells/organs
    Sperm production, development of secondary sexual characteristics
  28. Where is the production site for Oestrogen
    Ovaries
  29. Where are the target cells/organs for Oestrogen
    Uterus- endometrium, body cells
  30. What is the effect of Oestrogen on its target cells/organs
    Development of endometrium, development of secondary sexual characteristics
  31. Where are the production site for Progesterone
    Ovaries
  32. Where is the target cells/organs for Progesterone
    Uterus- endometrium
  33. What is the effect of Progesterone on its target cells/organs
    Maintaining endometrium
  34. Where is the production site of Thyroxine
    Thyroid
  35. Where are the target cells/organs for Thyroxine
    Body cells
  36. What is the effect of Thyroxine on its target cells/organs
    Speed up chemical reactions
  37. Where is the production site for Calcitonin
    Thyroid
  38. Where are the target cells/organs for Calcitonin
    Bone cells, kidney
  39. What is the effect of Calcitonin on its target cells/organs
    • Reduces loss of calcium from bones.
    • Inhibits reabsorption of calcium and phosphate so increase loss in urine
  40. Where is the production site for Parathyroid Hormone
    Parathyroid
  41. Where are the target cells/organs for Parathyroid Hormone
    Bones, Kidneys, Intestines
  42. What is the effect of Parathyroid Hormone on its target cells/organs
    • Increased reabsorption of calcium into blood.
    • Increased reabsorption of calcium from urine.
    • Increased absorption from blood into intestines
  43. Where is the production site of Adrenaline/Noradrenaline
    Adrenal Medulla
  44. Where are the target cells/organs for Adrenaline/Noradrenaline
    Liver, heart, arterioles, bronchioles, sweat glands etc.
  45. What is the effect of Adrenaline/Noradrenaline on its target cells/organs
    Prepares body for fight or flight response in a similar fashion to the sympathetic nervous system
  46. Where is the production site of Aldosterone
    Adrenal cortex
  47. Where are the target cells/organs for Aldosterone
    Kidneys- nephron
  48. What is the effect of Aldosterone on its target cells/organs
    • Increased reabsorption of sodium ions and water.
    • Increased secretion of potassium ions
  49. Where is the production site for Cortisol
    Adrenal cortex
  50. Where are the target cells/organs for Cortisol
    Liver
  51. What is the effect of Cortisol on its target cells/organs
    Stimulation of gluconeogenesis
  52. Where is the production site for Insulin
    Pancreas, beta cells in the islets of Langerhans
  53. Where are the target cells/organs for Insulin
    Liver, muscles, fat cells, other body cells
  54. What is the effect of Insulin on its target cells/organs
    • Stimulation of glycogenesis
    • Stimulates uptake of blood glucose to decrease blood glucose levels
  55. Where is the production site for Glucagon
    Pancreas, beta cells in the islets of Langerhans
  56. Where are the target cells/organs for Glucagon
    Liver
  57. What is the effect of Glucagon on its target cells/organs
    • Glycogenolysis
    • Glyconeogenesis to increase blood glucose levels

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