Irritable bowel syndrome:
a. is a diagnosis of exclusion.
b. characterized by chronic abdo pain, discomfort, bloating, and alteration of bowel habits in the absence of any detectable organic cause
c. treatments attempt to relieve symptoms, including dietary adjustments (no evid), medication (laxatives and antidiarrheals depending on if it is IBS-C or IBS-D or IBS-A) (tca) and psychological interventions (cbt and hypnosis)
d. IBS-D = diarrhoea, IBS-C = constipation, IBS-A = acute
e. Ppl with IBS are more likle to have: GORD, Sxs relating to the genitourinary system, the sleepy disease, fibromyalgia, headache, backache and psychiatric symptoms such as depression and anxiety
IBS-A = alternating (pain predominant)