GEOG EXAM #3 pt.1
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What are the three kinds of physiographic regions in Europe?
What are some characteristics associated with the Lowlands?
- generally flat
- valleys, plains, basins
What are some characteristics associated with the Highlands?
- generally hilly - rolling or rugged
- plateaus, uplands, massives
What are the four official Physiographic regions in Europe?
- Western Uplands
- Great European Plain
- Central Uplands
- Alpine Mountain System
What regions do the Western Uplands consist of?
Scandinavia, Iberian Peninsula, and most, but not all of the British Isles.
Norway's ____ Coastline have what?
Norway's East Coastline have glacial troughs that have been flooded by the sea.
What countries lie in the Iberian Peninsula?
Spain and Portugal
What is Spain characterized by?
It's Basin and Range topography.
The Spanish Meseta, Basque, and Catalonia are all _______ regions.
The Spanish Meseta, Basque, and Catalonia are all Spanish regions.
The Spanish Meseta is also known as:
the High Plains or Basins of Central Spain
What is the political hearth of Modern Spain?
Madrid is the capital of what country?
Spain, since 1568.
What are the co-official languages, other than Spanish, in Spain?
Ebro River Lowlands or Ebro Basin - Aragon; and Guadalquivir River Valley or Andalusian Lowland - Andalusia; are what country's two major river valleys?
The British Isles include:
Ireand, Scotland, and Wales
TRUE or FALSE: British Isles are a complex political geography.
Ireland is split into two countries, which are:
- Republic of Ireland
- and the UK of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
Republic of Ireland is __% Catholic.
When and from who did the Republic of Ireland gain it's independence?
from Britain after WWI.
Northern Ireland is the...
British section of Ireland. // consists of 46% Protestants and 40% Catholic
Unionists are ____ who wish to remain as part of the __, while Nationalists are ______ who wish to be a part of the __.
Unionists are Protestants who wish to remain as part of the UK, while Nationalists are Catholics who wish to be a part of the Republic of Ireland.
Great European Plain consists of:
- English Lowlands
- Paris Basin
- Flanders Plain
- The Netherlands' Low Country
The 'East-->West' transportation route in Northern Europe stretches from...
France to Russia
The historic invasion route goes across, . .
The English Lowlands are the ____ ______ of the British Isles.
London was once called Londinium by who?
Which river represents inland penetration into southern Britain?
What is wrong with the Thames River Estuary?
It is too wide to bridge.
London developed at the head of the Thames for what reasons?
Head of navigation for sea and ocean-going shipping.
Londinium was a, . .
. . .small Celtic fishing village.
What did the Romans build after they conquered Britain?
They built the first Londinium bridge in 52 AD.
The port of London faces Europe across what?
the narrow North Sea.
London is a classic _____.
break-of-bulk point // where transportation network intersect.
What is France's core region?
The Paris Basin.
Paris is located on which River?
the Seine River // at the center of the basin.
What is Ile-de-France?
Island of France.
La Manche is the French term for the sleeve, and represents what?
the English Channel
What is a cuesta?
A hill with two uneven slopes.
What are the characteristics of a cuesta?
- one gentle slope
- one steep slope - escarpment
The Paris Basin looks like:
What are the cuestas used for?
Farmland on the gentle slopes; Forest on the steeper slopes.
Cote d'Or (Golden Slope) faces _____. It is the region of Burgundy wine.
the Eastern Sun
Which plain lies in northern Belgium?
The Flanders Plain
Flanders plain is the narrowest point of which Plain?
Great European Plain
Flanders Plain is the easiest access between which two countries?
France and Germany
Which battle took place in 1815?
The Battle of Waterloo
The Rhine River Delta is a large portion of what region?
The Netherlands' Low Country - Netherlands
Why is the Netherlands' Low Country the most fertile?
Because most of it's land is below sea level and therefore protected by dikes.
Who is the third ranking worldwide country in value of agriculture exports?
The Central Uplands are:
a region of hills north of the Alps.
What are the three regions the Central Uplands consist of?
- Swiss Mittelland
What is the most important and productive region in the Central Uplands?
The Swiss Mittelland lies between what?
the Swiss Jura and the Swiss Alps
Swiss Mittelland is known for its:
many lakes. // goes from Lake Geneva to the Bodensee
What is the urban-industrial core region of Switzerland?
The Swiss Mittelland host three of the four major cities, which are:
Geneva is known as the international city of Switzerland, because of this-- it hosts many organizations such as:
- The International Committee of the Red Cross
- European headquarters of UN
- World Trade Organization
- International Labor Office
- World Health Organization and many others
Bavaria is a "lander" or province of the southern part of what country?
Bavaria's major/key city is...
Munich is located where the foothills of what Mountain Range give away to flat plateaus?
Munich is an industrial center, and is most famous for:
BMW - Bavarian Motor Works // automobiles and motorcycles;
What is Hofbrauhaus?
The most famous beer hall in the world located in Munich's city center.
The Czech Republic's region of physical geography is known as what?
the Bohemian Massive.
What city lies in the center of the Bohemian Basin and contains the best agricultural land in the country?
What is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic?
UNESCO World Heritage Site survived what war?
The Alps are shaped like a giant apostrophe that run from the ____ _____ to near ______ in ______
. . . run from the French Rivera to near Vienna in Austria.
What is the major mountain range of Europe?
What four countries have portions of the Alps?
TRUE/FALSE: The Alps is a barrier to trade and transportation.
The Pyrenees are located between:
France and Spain - is an effective mountain barrier and historical border.
Name two famous volcanoes within the Apennines.
Vesuvius and Etna
Vesuvius has had many eruptions in the past ___ years.
The most famous eruption from Vesuvius was in:
79 A.D - it buried the towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
The volcano Etna lies on what island?
the island of Sicily
Why would people want to live near volcanoes?
Volcanic ash from eruptions fertilize soils. These soils are remarkably productive.
The Alpine System consists of:
- Hungarian Basin
- Po Valley
What are the characteristics of N.Europe?
- lowands w/ discontiguous highlands
- contiguous: Great European Plain
- discontiguous: Western&&Central Uplands
What are the characteristics of S.Europe?
- Mountains w/ discontiguous lowlands
- contiguous: Alpine Mountain System
- discontiguous: e.g. Po Valley, Hungarian Basin
How has the relationship between Europe's Physical Geography and it's Geopolitics benefited N.Europe?
The flat and open nature of the Great European Plain has produced:
- Modern machine-intensive agriculture
- Modern transportation infrastructure
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