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Perfect Indicative Active - I have educated
- -α -αμεν
- -ας -ατε
- -ε(ν) -ᾱσι(ν)
Pluperfect Indicative Active- I had educated
- -η -εμεν
- -ης -ετε
- -ει(ν) -εσαν
4 PP with augment
Perfect Infinitive Active- to have educated
- Always accented on penult.
Present/Aorist Subjunctive Active
- -ω -ωμεν
- -ῃς -ητε
- -ῃ -ωσι(ν)
For aorist, use unaugmented 3rd PP
Present Optative Active
- -οιμι -οιμεν
- -οις -οιτε
- -οι -οιεν
3rd person sing. is long for accentuation.
Aorist Optative Active
- -αι -αιμεν
- -αις -ειας -αιτε
- -αι -ειε(ν) -αιεν -ειαν
3rd person singular is long for accentuation.
are those which refer to the Present and Future time; the present, future, perfect, and future perfect tenses.
are those which refer to the past time; the imporfect, aorist, and pluperfect tenses.
Primary tense indicative governs a subjunctive in the dependent clause.
Secondary tense indicative governs an optative in the dependent clause.
Purpose Clauses are introduced by:
ἵνα, ὡς, ὅπως or ὅπως μή which means, "In order that... not, lest."