Histology

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Author:
reedbl
ID:
38554
Filename:
Histology
Updated:
2010-09-29 21:34:49
Tags:
Histology
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Description:
Histology Note Cards
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  1. Name this tissue
    Adipose tissue

    Found in:

    Beneath the skin, breast, surrounding organs like the kidneys and eyes

    Features:

    Adipocytes-large empty looking cells with thin margins, nucleus pressed against plasma membrane


  2. Name this tissue
    Areolar Tissue

    Found In:

    Under all epithelia, surrounding blood vessels, fascia between muscles, visceral layers of pericardium, and pleura

    Features:

    Loose arrangement of collagenous and elastic fibers, scattered cells of various types, blood vessels


  3. Name this tissue
    Blood

    Found in:

    RBC, WBC, platelets, plasma

    Features:

    Small dots, some darker


  4. Name this tissue
    Compact Bone

    Found in:

    External surfaces of all bones

    Features:

    Dense, calcified tissue


  5. Name this tissue
    Cardiac Muscle

    • Found in:
    • Heart, involuntary

    Features:

    Short branched cells called myocytes, less parallel, striations, intercalated discs where fibers/myocytes meet, one nuclei per cell


  6. Name this tissue
    Dense Irregular Connective Tissue

    Found in:

    Dermis

    Features:

    • Densely packed collagen
    • fibers running in random directions


  7. Name this tissue
    Dense Regular Connective Tissue

    Found in:

    Tendons and ligaments

    Features:

    • Densely packed, parallel,
    • wavy collagen fibers


  8. Name this tissue
    Elastic Cartilage

    Found in:

    Mainly in blood vessels

    Features:

    Composed of elastin fibers


  9. Name this tissue
    Fibrocartilage

    Found in:

    Pubic symphysis, intervertebral discs, knee joint

    Features:

    Parallel collagen fibers, rows of chondrocytes


  10. Name this tissue
    Hyaline Cartilage

    Found in:

    • Over the ends of bones,
    • trachea, bronchi, tip of nose

    Features:

    • Clear glassy matrix, fine
    • dispersed collagen fibers, chondrocytes are small and usually clumped


  11. Name this tissue
    Neuron

    Found in:

    Brain, spinal cord, nerves

    Features:

    • Dendrites, cell body/soma,
    • axon


  12. Name this tissue
    Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium

    Found in:

    • Respiratory tract from
    • nasal cavity to bronchi

    Features:

    • Looks multilayered, some
    • cells do not reach free surface, but all attach to basement membrane


  13. Name this tissue
    Reticular Tissue

    Found in:

    • Forms the framework of the: liver, adipose tissue, spleen,
    • bone marrow

    Features:

    • Loose network of reticular
    • fibers and cells


  14. Name this tissue
    Simple Columnar Epithelium

    Found in:

    • Stomach, small and large
    • intestines, gastrointestinal tract, gallbladder

    Features:

    • Tall narrow cells, oval
    • nuclei, vertically oriented, goblet cells, all attached to basement membrane


  15. Name this tissue
    Simple Cuboidal Epithelium

    Found in:

    • Glands, Kidney,
    • Bronchioles, Liver and Thyroid

    Features:

    • Cube-shaped, uniform, all attached
    • to basement membrane


  16. Name this tissue
    Simple Squamous Epithelium

    Found in:

    • Capillaries, alveoli, and
    • other tissues where rapid diffusion is required

    Features:

    • Thin flat cells, centrally
    • located nuclei, all attached to basement membrane


  17. Name this tissue
    Skeletal Muscle

    Found in:

    Skeletal muscles; voluntary!

    Features:

    • Long cylindrical cells
    • called muscle fibers, visible striations, multiple nuclei per cell


  18. Name this tissue
    Smooth Muscle

    Found in:

    • Many organs (stomach, uterus, blood vessels)
    • Involuntary

    Features:

    • Short cells that overlap
    • each other, one nuclei per cell, NO striations


  19. Name this tissue
    Stratified Cuboidal Epithelium

    Found in:

    • Sweat gland ducts,
    • follicles of the ovaries, and seminiferous tubules of testis

    Features:

    • Two or more layers of
    • cube-shaped cells


  20. Name this tissue
    Stratified Squamous Epithelium

    Found in:

    • On skin surface
    • (epidermis), mouth, nasal and vaginal cavities

    Features:

    • Multiple cells layers with
    • cells becoming increasingly flat and scaly toward the surface


  21. Name this tissue
    Transitional Epithelium

    Found in:

    Urinary tract, bladder, kidneys

    Features:

    • Looks similar to stratified squamous but surface cells are
    • rounded, 5-6cells think when relaxed and 2-3 cells thick when stretched.

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