World History Vocab test ch.6

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courtney.ensch
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38560
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World History Vocab test ch.6
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2010-09-29 22:37:07
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world history vocab
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vocabulary
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  1. a conflict between two political groups within the same country
    civil war
  2. a king who led 408 visigoths to plunder Rome in 3 days
    Alaric
  3. a ruler who has total power
    absolute ruler
  4. in ancient Rome, an official elected by the plebians to protect their rights
    tribune
  5. a strong-willed army leader
    Diocletian
  6. a soldier who is paid to fight in a foreign army
    mercenary
  7. an ancient culture that developed from a blending of Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman cultures
    Greco-Roman Culture
  8. in ancient Rome, a member of the wealthy, privileged upper class
    patrician
  9. in ancient Rome, the supreme governing body, originally made up of aristocrats
    Senate
  10. a period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C.E. to C.E. 180
    Pax Romana
  11. in ancient Rome, one of the common farmers, artisans, and merchants who made up most of the population.
    plebians
  12. a brilliant military strategist who wanted to avenge Carthnage's earlier defeat
    Hannibal
  13. one of the followers of Jesus who preached and spread his teachings
    abostle
  14. a poet who spent 10 years writing the most famous work of Latin literature, the Aeneid, written in praise of Rome & Roman virtues, after Greek epics of Homer
    Virgil
  15. a military unit of ancient Roman army, made up of about 5,000 foot soldiers and a group of soldiers on horseback
    legion
  16. a general who devised a plan to attack carthage
    scipio
  17. in ancient Rome, a political leader given absolute power to make laws and command the army for a limited time
    dictator
  18. one of the first apostles, spread the teachings of Jesus throughout Palestine & Syria.
    Peter
  19. the dispersal of the Jews from their homeland in Palestine especially during the period of more than 1,800 years that followed the Romans' destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem in C.E. 70
    diaspora
  20. a Roman Historian who is notable among ancient historians because he presented the facts accurately
    Tacitus
  21. in ancient Rome, one of the professional fighters who engaged in battles to the death in public arenas
    Gladiators
  22. has best examples of Roman paintings, Mount Vesuvivs erupted covering this in a thick layer of ash
    Pompeii
  23. a decline in the value of money, accompanied by a rise in the prices of goods and services
    inflation
  24. born in the town of Bethlehem in Judea
    Jesus
  25. in the Roman republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the government
    consul
  26. an ambitious and daring leader who emerged to bring order to Rome
    Julius Caesar
  27. a high-ranking Christian official who supervises a number of local churces
    bishop
  28. city of Constantine
    Constantinople
  29. in ancient Rome, a group of three leaders sharing control of the government
    trimumvirate
  30. the bishop of Rome, head of the Roman Catholic Church
    Pope
  31. a powerful chieftan
    Attila
  32. Roman emperor in 312 and fought three rivals for his title
    Constantine
  33. a pipeline or channel build to carry water to populated areas
    aqueducts
  34. octavian unchallenged ruler of Rome got that name meaning "exalted one"
    Augustus
  35. form of government in which power is in the hands of representatives and leaders are elected by the people
    republic
  36. an apostle who had an enormous influence on Christianity's development
    Paul
  37. religious beliefs or opinions that differ from the official teaching of the Christian church
    heresy

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