Card Set Information
Crim Org gangs
What is the definition of a gang? Three criteria
No set definition
Varies by agency
: Recognized by neighborhood as a gang, Recognize themselves as a gang, Be involved in criminal activity.
What is migration and proliferation?
: gangs are spreading
: Gangs are growing
Types of gang memberships
: constantly changes, function of the group, not the individual
Regular “hardcore” members
: older, attached to gang, violent, make most of key decisions for gang, in and out of report. (Respect.)
: strong attachment, but have interests outside the gang, participates less.
: preteen yrs, emulate gang, waiting for opportunity to prove themselves to be accepted into the gang.
: live in gang neighborhood, shown interest in gangs.
: often girls, limited responsibilities.
Three R's of gang culture
Two types of organizational structure
: cut across different neighborhoods.
Vary in age.
: characterized by common territory
Members are grouped according to age.
The ways gangs communicate.
Threats are made
Boasting about gang
Letters, numbers, symbols.
Not gang related
No territory or threats
: done in dangerous places.
: person is led to believe it’s the “in” thing to do.
: Person is made to believe they are their community.
: Psychological or physical. When they need members and need them to generate money or gang wars.
: Create glorified myths of gangs, making it attractive to young people.
: Gangs will ID certain people, misrepresent gang (“it’s a club”), convince them the gang will love them.
They’ve a strong desire to accumulate money, ability to plan, ability to take risks.
They’d be great business people if they weren’t devoting their entrepreneurial qualities to crime.
Depends on sophistication.
: group beats on you/beaten down
: Forced to have sex w/ multiple partners (girls)
: Sex with multiple partners
As a community, what can we do to address the issue of gangs?
Try to understand gang culture, why they join, the risk factors.
Strengthen ties to community, parents/families, help with jobs.
Social control theory.