Ethics Mid Term

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memaryme12
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Ethics Mid Term
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2010-10-07 10:51:32
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Ethics Mid Term
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Ethics Mid Term
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  1. Secular Ethics
    separated from religion – non religious – scientific understanding of the world
  2. Non-Theistic
    does not focus on the worship of a god or gods
  3. Theistic
    philosophy that focuses on belief in a god
  4. Religion
  5. culturally entrenched pattern of behavior made of sacred beliefs – emotional feelings accompanying the beliefs. Overt conduct presumably implementing the beliefs and feelings.
  6. Values
    ethical questions are important in all areas of life, work, social and personal
  7. Philosophy
    set of values, ideas and opinions of an individual or group, study of moral judgments and rights and wrong conduct.
  8. Moral
    synonymous with ethical – customs, values and standards of practice of a group, age or theory intended to be timeless.
  9. Golden Rule
    ethical conduct found in some form in most religions – Do onto others as you would have them do onto you.
  10. Ethos-Greek
    person’s fundamental orientation toward life. Inner character – Aristotle beliefs.
  11. Citizenship
    character of an individual viewed as a member of society, behavior in terms of the duties, obligations and functions of a citizen.
  12. Culture
    abstract patterns of and for the living and dying, which are learned directly and indirectly.
  13. Honesty
    having a sense of honor, forth right and fair dealing.
  14. Integrity
    fidelity to moral principles.
  15. laws
    man made rules and regulations, concerns with acts and conducts, interests of society, externally imposed.
  16. Carol Gilligan's Theory
    moral judgments on considerations of carrying, look for solutions to serve and maintain relationships, seek needs to both sides. ( A WOMAN WAY OF THINKING)
  17. Concerned with acts and conducts
    laws
  18. Concerned with interest of society
    ethics
  19. Concerned with the values relation to human conduct
    ethics
  20. Concerned with motives for and attitudes toward conduct
    laws
  21. Concerned with interest of society and of the individual
    law and ethics
  22. Externally imposed
    law
  23. Internally imposed
    ethics
  24. Man made rules and regulations to govern society
    laws
  25. Do unto others as you would have done to you
    golden rule
  26. Study of moral judgments and right and wrong conduct
    philosophy
  27. Prescriptions for moral behavior based on
    religion
  28. What did Aristotle believe separated humans from other creature’s
    rationality
  29. What is imperfect instrument for a guide to ethical behavior
    laws
  30. What is ethical ideal
    ethics of moderation
  31. What three things make up the pattern of behavior seen in religion
    overt conduct, emotional feelings, fatih and sacred beliefs
  32. Aristotle taught what
    secular ethics
  33. Where most ethics is rooted
    in most major religions
  34. Individual considers universal moral principles that supersede the authority of a group
    post conventional
  35. Moral reasoning is based on reward and punishment from those in authority
    post conventional level/ stage 1
  36. Moral development in which the expectations of the social group are supported and maintained
    conventional level
  37. Moral development in which the individual is characterized as not understanding the rules or feeling a sense of obligation to them
    (pre moral) pre conventional level/ stage 1
  38. Actions evaluated in terms of possible punishment
    (pre moral) pre convential level/stage 1
  39. Individual always defer to what provides for the greater good
    post conventional/stage 5
  40. Begin to internalize parental, societal values
    conventional level/ stage 3
  41. Individual considers the law and rules of society along with their own self chosen standards of justice and respect for human dignity
    conventional level/ stage 6
  42. Individual feels the need to do ones duty
    conventional level/ stage 4
  43. individual thinks in terms of rights of others, the general welfare of the community, duty to conform to the laws and standards established by the will of the majority
    post conventional level/ stage 5
  44. Individual’s behavior directed by self chosen ethical principles that tend to be general, comprehensive or universal
    post conventional level/ stage 6
  45. which pleases others in the immediate group
    conventional level/stage 3
  46. high value placed on justice, dignity and equality
    post conventional level/ stage 6
  47. concern about others only in regards to what benefits an individual can gain
    stage 2
  48. emphasis on being nice
    conventional level/ stage 3
  49. emphasis on upholding law, order, and authority conventional level
    stage 4
  50. no internalization of values
    stage 2
  51. Kohlberg stage of Moral Development
    • Believed people develop ethical standards of living through stages or moral development during their lives, thinking and learning:
    • Pre-Conventional Level
    • Stage 1(punishment orientation)
    • Stage 2(pleasure seaking orientation)
    • Conventional Level
    • Stage 3 (good boy/good girl orientation)
    • Stage 4 (authority orientation)
    • Post Conventional Level
    • Stage 5 (social contract orientation)
    • Stage 6 (morality of individuality principles)
  52. Pre Conventional level
    moral development in which moral reasoning is based on reward and punishment from those of authority
  53. Stage 1-Punishment Orientation
    individual is characterized as not understanding the rules or feeling a sense of obligation to them, terms of possible punishment, experience only that which is good or pleasant or avoid that which is painful or bad, defer to the power of adults and obey rules to avoid trouble or punishment
  54. Stage 2-Pleasure Seaking Orientation
    satisfy their own needs be behaving in a manner that will gain rewards and the return of favors, no internalization of values, only what is right and wrong. Concerns about others, is only in regards to what benefits the individual can gain for themselves. No concern for others
  55. Conventional Level
    stage of moral development in which the expectations of the social group, family, community, nation, are supported and maintained
  56. Stage 3-Good Boy/Good Girl Orientation
    good behavior to please others in the immediate group or bring approval, emphasis on being nice, internalize parental, societal values.
  57. Stage 4-Authority Orientation
    emphasis upholding the law, order authority, parent’s teachers, God and social rules, feeling of doing ones duty to society
  58. Post Conventional Level
    moral development, the individual considers universal moral principles which supersede the authority of the group.
  59. Stage 5-Social Contract Orientation
    thinks in terms of rights of others, the general welfare of the community, duty to conform to the laws and standards established by the will of the majority. Flexibility in the interpretation and application of the rules, greater for the good, best for the people.
  60. Stage 6-Morality of Individualty Principles
    directed by self chosen ethical principles that tend to be general, comprehensive or universal, high value is placed on justice, dignity and equality.

    Considers not only the actual law and rules of society but also their own self chosen standards of justice and respect for human dignity.

    ***** This is a theoretical stage because people never reach this stage on a regular basis. If everyone could get to this level, we could do away with rules and laws. Everyone’s concept of morality would be a respect for people. To never violate or harm anyone else, we would all use an internal guiding mechanism that would always do the right thing

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