Home > Flashcards > Print Preview
The flashcards below were created by user
on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?
Feminine Nouns with Nom. Sing. -
Masc. Nouns with nom. Sing. in -ης or -ᾱς
- -ης -ᾱς
- -ου -ου
- -ῃ -ᾳ
- -ην -ᾱν
- -α, -η -ᾱ
3 Ending Adj. of the 1st and 2nd Declensions Masculine:
- -ός -οί
- -οῦ -ῶν
- -ῳ~ -οῖς
- -όν -ούς
- -έ -οί
3 Ending Adj. of the 1st and 2nd Declensions Feminine:
- -ή -αί
- -ῆς -ῶν
- -ῃ~ -αῖς
- -ήν -ᾱ΄ς
3 Ending Adj. of the 1st and 2nd Declensions Neuter:
- -όν -ά
- -οῦ -ῶν
- -ῳ~ν - οῖς
- -όν -ά
- -όν -ά
2 Ending Adj. of the 2nd Declension Masc/Femin and Neut:
- M/F: ος, ου, ῳ, ον, ε, οι, ων, οις, ους
- Neu: ον, ου, ῳ, ον, ον, α, ων, οις, α
Adjectives agree in:
gender, number, case
What is the predicate position of an adjective?
Where an adjective agrees with a noun accompanied by the article, but it itself is not preceded by the article. Translated with linking verb "is" or "are" = nominal sentences. Nominal sentences are complete when not in attributive position. The subject usually has the article, but the predicate noun does not.
What is a conditional sentence?
- It consists of two statements. One makes an assumption; the other follows from that assumption (If then statements). Assumption = protasis, conclusion= apodosis.
- [No verb in a conditional sentence can be translated until the type of conditional sentence is identified!]
What are the 6 types of conditional sentences?
- - Future more vivid
- - Future less vivid
- - Present general
- - Past general
- - Present contrafactual
- - Past contrafactual
- Protasis: ἐαν (if..) + subjunctive
- Apodosis: Future Indicative
- Translation: Does/ will do
- Ex: If he sends a messenger, they will stop the battle.
- Protasis: εἰ (if..) + optative
- Apodosis: optative + ἄν
- Translation: should do/ would do
- Ex: if he should send a messenger, they would stop the battle.
Define Present General:
- Protasis: ἐαν + subjunctive
- Apodosis: present indicative
- Translation: does/does
- Ex: If he sends a messenger, they stop the battle
Define Past General:
- Protasis: εἰ + optative
- Apodosis: imperfect indicative
- Translation: did/did
- Ex: If he sent a messenger, they stopped the battle
Define Present Contrafactual:
- Protasis: εἰ + imperfect indicative
- Apodosis: imperfect indicative + ἄν
- Translation: were doing/would be doing
- Ex: If he were sending a mess..., the would be stopping..
Define Past Contrafactual:
- Protasis: εἰ + aorist indicative
- Apodosis: aorist indicative + ἄν
- Translation: had done/ would have done
- Ex: If he had sent.. they would have stopped...