Ch. 4 Grammar

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Author:
omglivia
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38646
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Ch. 4 Grammar
Updated:
2010-09-30 01:47:42
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Hansen Quinn Greek
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Hansen and Quinn Greek
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  1. Feminine Nouns with Nom. Sing. -
    • -α -α
    • -ης -ᾱς
    • -ῃ -ᾳ
    • -αν -αν

    • -αι
    • -ῶν
    • -αις
    • -ᾱς
  2. Masc. Nouns with nom. Sing. in -ης or -ᾱς
    • -ης -ᾱς
    • -ου -ου
    • -ῃ -ᾳ
    • -ην -ᾱν
    • -α, -η -ᾱ

    • -αι
    • -ῶν
    • -αις
    • -ᾱς
    • -αι
  3. 3 Ending Adj. of the 1st and 2nd Declensions Masculine:
    • -ός -οί
    • -οῦ -ῶν
    • -ῳ~ -οῖς
    • -όν -ούς
    • -έ -οί
  4. 3 Ending Adj. of the 1st and 2nd Declensions Feminine:
    • -ή -αί
    • -ῆς -ῶν
    • -ῃ~ -αῖς
    • -ήν -ᾱ΄ς
  5. 3 Ending Adj. of the 1st and 2nd Declensions Neuter:
    • -όν -ά
    • -οῦ -ῶν
    • -ῳ~ν - οῖς
    • -όν -ά
    • -όν -ά
  6. 2 Ending Adj. of the 2nd Declension Masc/Femin and Neut:
    • M/F: ος, ου, ῳ, ον, ε, οι, ων, οις, ους
    • Neu: ον, ου, ῳ, ον, ον, α, ων, οις, α
  7. Adjectives agree in:
    gender, number, case
  8. What is the predicate position of an adjective?
    Where an adjective agrees with a noun accompanied by the article, but it itself is not preceded by the article. Translated with linking verb "is" or "are" = nominal sentences. Nominal sentences are complete when not in attributive position. The subject usually has the article, but the predicate noun does not.
  9. What is a conditional sentence?
    • It consists of two statements. One makes an assumption; the other follows from that assumption (If then statements). Assumption = protasis, conclusion= apodosis.
    • [No verb in a conditional sentence can be translated until the type of conditional sentence is identified!]
  10. What are the 6 types of conditional sentences?
    • - Future more vivid
    • - Future less vivid
    • - Present general
    • - Past general
    • - Present contrafactual
    • - Past contrafactual
  11. Define FMV:
    • Protasis: ἐαν (if..) + subjunctive
    • Apodosis: Future Indicative
    • Translation: Does/ will do
    • Ex: If he sends a messenger, they will stop the battle.
  12. Define FLV:
    • Protasis: εἰ (if..) + optative
    • Apodosis: optative + ἄν
    • Translation: should do/ would do
    • Ex: if he should send a messenger, they would stop the battle.
  13. Define Present General:
    • Protasis: ἐαν + subjunctive
    • Apodosis: present indicative
    • Translation: does/does
    • Ex: If he sends a messenger, they stop the battle
  14. Define Past General:
    • Protasis: εἰ + optative
    • Apodosis: imperfect indicative
    • Translation: did/did
    • Ex: If he sent a messenger, they stopped the battle
  15. Define Present Contrafactual:
    • Protasis: εἰ + imperfect indicative
    • Apodosis: imperfect indicative + ἄν
    • Translation: were doing/would be doing
    • Ex: If he were sending a mess..., the would be stopping..
  16. Define Past Contrafactual:
    • Protasis: εἰ + aorist indicative
    • Apodosis: aorist indicative + ἄν
    • Translation: had done/ would have done
    • Ex: If he had sent.. they would have stopped...

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