anthro vocab one

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anthro vocab one
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2010-09-30 03:32:42
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anthro vocab one
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  1. AAA
    American Anthropology Association
  2. Ethics in Anthropology
    Code of Ethics guides anthropoligists research and other professional activites.
  3. Informed Consent
    Agreement to take part in the research, after have being informed, should obtained from anyone who provides information or who might be affected by the research
  4. Culture Shock
  5. Research Methods
  6. Ethonography
    research process in which the anthropologist closely observes, records, and engages in daily life of another culture.
  7. Participant Observation
    Taking part in events or observing ,describing, and analyzing
  8. Key Consultants
    provides the most complete or useful information about particular aspects in life
  9. Field Notes, and Diary
    Ehtnographers record their impressions as a personal diary,which is kept seperate from more formal field notes.
  10. Informants
    key consultants, particular area in community life.
  11. Life Histories
    Intimate and personal cultural portrait that would be possible otherwise
  12. Cultural Consultant
    refers to individuals the ethonographer gets to know in the field, the people who teach him or her about their culture, who provide the emic perspective.
  13. EMIC
    approach investigates how locall people think "native viewpoint"
  14. Etic
    • approach shifts the focus from local observations, categories, explanations, and interpretations to those of the anthropolgists.
    • -ehtnographer emphasized what they notice and consider important.
    • priority given to ethnographers own observations and conclusions.
  15. interview schedule
    the ethnographer talks face to face wih people, asks the questions, and writes down the answers.
  16. Rapport
    good , friendly working relationship based on personal contact, with our hosts.
  17. genealogical method
    well established ethnographic technique.To understand current social relations and to reconstruct history.
  18. Malinowski
    founder of ethonography. Salvage anthro, in the belief that the ethnographer jobis to study and record cultural diversity threatened by Westernization.
  19. Longitudinal research
    • long term study of a community , region, society, culture, or other unit, usually based on repeated visits.
    • Longitudinal reserach is often team research
  20. survey research
    involves sampling, impersonal data collection, and statistical analysis. Survery research ususally draws a sample.
  21. random sample
    all members of the population have an equal statistical chance of being chosen for an inclusion
  22. variables
    attributes that vary among members of a sample or population., known to influence political decisions.
  23. complex socieities
    large and populous society with social stratification and central governments.
  24. adaptive strategies
    descirbe a societies system of economic production.
  25. foraging
    was the only human adaptive strategy until the advent of food production 10,00 years ago.
  26. horticulutre
    cultivation that makes intensive use of none of the factors of production:land, labor, capital, machinery.
  27. agriculture
    requires more labor than horticulture does because it is land intensively and continously.
  28. shifting cultivation
    when horticulturists abandon plot because of soil exhaustion or a thick weed cover,they clear another piece of land, and the original plot reverts to forest.The relationship between land and people is not permanent.
  29. Pastorilists
    herders whose people activities focus on such domesticated animals as cattle, sheep, goats,camels,yak, reindeer
  30. nomadism
    everyone moves with the animals throughout the year.
  31. economy
    system of production, distribution, and consumption of resources, economics is the study of such systems.
  32. means of production
    include land, labor, technology
  33. redistribution
    operates when goods, services,or their equivalent more from the local center level to a center.
  34. reciprocity
    exchange between social equals, who are normally related by kinship, marriage, or another close personal tie.
  35. potlaching
    give away food
  36. aniaml domestication
    many agricuturilits use animals as means of production.ex: for transport
  37. band
    small group fewer than a hundred people, all related by kinship or marriage.
  38. egalatarian
    contrasts in prestige are minor and are based on age and gender.
  39. cohen
    talks about adaptive stragtegies
  40. r

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