chapter 7 cell membrane.txt
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concludes that all animals are made up of cells
concludes that all plants are made up of cells
cells come from existing cells
Cell theory states :
- -living things composed by cells
- -Cells are basic units of life
- -cells come from existing cells
cells that contain nuclei (plants animal fungi and protists)
cells that dont contain nuclei (bacteria)
large membrane encoles structure that contains the cells genetic material in the form of DNA
where the assembly of ribosomes begins.
synthesizes proteins that are released or exported from the cell. (Has ribosomes on surface)
Smooth E R:
contains collections od enzymes that perform specialized tasks including the synthesis of membrane lipids and detoxification of drugs
modifies sorts and packages proteins and other materials from the ER
small particles of RNA and protein found throughout the cytoplasm
organells that convert the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell use
small organelles filled with enzymes. They help in the digestion or breakdown of lipids, carbohydrates and proteins.
- store materials such as water salts proteins and carbohydrates
- Cell wall: the wall that surrounds and protects the plant cell
has a cell wall chloroplast and a vacuole and the animal cell has no wall and has centrioles
Cell membrane and structrue:
It controls what enters and leaves the cell.
double layered sheet called lipid bilayer with protein molecules embedded in it.(Which work as channels to move material accros the cell membrane) The proteins have carbohydrates attached.(Which work as identification cards)
process in which particles move from area of high concentration to an area that is less concentrated until there is equality of concentration
diffusion of water through a selectively premeable membrane so that both sides reach equilibrium
- process in which material is moved against concentration
- difference and requires energy. Small molecules may be carried out by energy pumps or proteins found in the cell membrane. Larger molecules need exocytosis and endocytosis
when the membrane of the vacuole surroundinf the material fuses with the cell membrane forcing the material out.
process of taking material into the cell by means of infoldingd or pockets of the cell membrane.
glucose (only) move through protein channels in either direction.
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