Periodic Table Tour

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Periodic Table Tour
2015-09-30 10:14:40
Periodic Table Families Groups

Review of facts for each of the families of the periodic table. Also includes introductory vocab of periodic table set up.
Show Answers:

  1. What is the charge on an electron?
    Electrons are negatively charged.
  2. What are valence electrons?
    Electrons in outermost shell
  3. Where are protons located?
    Protons are in the nucleus of the atom.
  4. Are the elements on the table today arranged by atomic number or atomic mass
    Today, table is arranged by atomic number
  5. Give 4 properties of metals
    • Malleable
    • Ductile
    • Conductor of heat
    • Conductor of electricity
    • Luster
  6. Give 3 properties of nonmetals
    • Brittle
    • Nonconductor of heat
    • Nonconductor of electricity
  7. Give the name and symbol of all the metalloids
    B:Boron, Si:Silicon, Ge:Germanium, As:Arsenic, Sb: Antimony, Te: Tellurium
  8. H. Mosely proposed elements are unique due to the number of what subatomic particle?
    Number of protons make each element unique
  9. Who is credited with creating the Periodic Table?
    Demitri Mendeleev
  10. What does "periodicity" mean?
    A repeating pattern
  11. What is 'transmutation'?
    When one element is transformed into another, usually by bombarding the nucleus with high speed particles
  12. What are substances that are different forms of the same element with different physical and chemical properties?
  13. Give examples of allotropes of Carbon
    Allotropes of Carbon include graphite, coal, and diamonds.
  14. Give examples of allotropes of oxygen
    Allotropes of oxygen are O2 gas and O3 ozone.
  15. What does the symbol (aq) mean?
    (aq) means a substance dissolved in water to produce a solution.
  16. Are the Families of the periodic table the horizontal rows or the vertical groups?
    Families are the vertical groups
  17. What do all members of a group have in common?
    Members of a group on the periodic table all have the same number of valence electrons.
  18. What do all members of a period have in common?
    All members of a period have the same number of electron shells.
  19. Which group is the Alkali metals?
    Group 1 is the Alkali metals.
  20. What is the name of group 17?
    Group 17 are the halogens
  21. Which group are the noble gases?
    Group 18 are the noble gases.
  22. What does the term alkali or alkaline mean?
    Alkaline are substances that are basic pH (above 7)
  23. What is the name of Group 2?
    Group 2 is the Alkaline Earth Metals.
  24. What are the atomic numbers of the Lanthanides?
    Atomic numbers 57 - 71 are Lanthanides.
  25. What are the atomic numbers of the Actinides?
    The Actinides are atomic numbers 89 - 103
  26. What are groups 3 - 11 collectively called?
    Groups 3 - 11 are the Transition Elements
  27. What 2 elements are liquids at STP? Give names and symbols.
    The two liquid elements are Hg:Mercury and Br2: Bromine
  28. What group of elements' members are in compounds that often produced colored aqueous solutions?
    Transition elements are in compounds that produce colored solutions.
  29. What group contains a solid, a liquid and a gas at STP? Identify each element as well.
    Group 17: F2 & Cl2 are gases, Br2 is liquid and I2 is solid.
  30. What group's name means "salt former" ?
    Group 17:Halogen means salt former.
  31. What group of elements are so reactive they are never found in nature in the pure state ?(always in cmpds)
    Group 1:Alkali metals are always in compounds, never in the free state in nature.
  32. What group of elements are unreactive or inert?
    Group 18: Noble gases are unreactive. (Note Kr & Xe are exceptions in extreme conditions)
  33. What 11 elements are gases?
    H:Hydrogen, N:Nitrogen, O: Oxygen, F:Fluorine, Cl:Chlorine, He:Helium, Ne:Neon, Ar:Argon, Kr:Krypton, Xe: Xenon, and Rn: Radon