Abnormal Psychology

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  1. Which of these is the best definition of theory?
    a. A theory is a set of ideas that tentatively bridges the gap between normal and abnormal behaviors.
    b. A theory is a set of ideas that relate only to observed behaviors.
    c. A theory is a set of ideas that tests abnormality.
    d. A theory is a set of ideas that provides a framework for asking questions about and gathering and interpreting information about a phenomenon.
  2. a. A theory is a set of ideas that provides a framework for asking questions about and gathering and interpreting information about a phenomenon.
  3. Albert Ellis’s approach to abnormal behavior is based on a __________ perspective.
    a. behavioral
    b. psychological
    c. cognitive
    d. humanistic
  4. B. psychological
    C. cognitive
  5. The integration of biological, psychological, and social approaches to abnormalityis referred to as the ___________.
    a. vulnerability-stress model
    b. stress and diathesis model
    c. biological-stress model
    d. stress-anxiety model
  6. a. vulnerability-stress model
  7. Which is not a biological approach to abnormality?
    A. structural damage to the brain
    B. poor physiological responses
    C. genetic abnormalities
    D. biochemical imbalance
    B. poor physiological responses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The psychoanalytic approach to personality and treatment of psychopathology was developed by _____________.
    A. Mesmer
    B. Horney
    C. Adler
    D. Freud
    D. Freud
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. The force that seeks to gratify wishes in appropriate ways is called the __________.
    A. primary process
    B. ego
    C. superego
    D. id
    B. ego
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The physiologist whose study of conditioned responses formed the basis of behavioral psychology was ____________.
    A. Ivan Pavlov
    B. Edward Thorndike
    C. B. F. Skinner
    D. John Watson
    A. Ivan Pavlov
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. The psychologist who is most strongly associated with operant conditioning is ____________.
    a. Edward Thorndike
    b. Ivan Pavlov
    c. John Watson
    d. B. F. Skinner
    • a. Edward Thorndike
    • d. B. F. Skinner
  12. When a behavior is eliminated, this process is called ___________.

    A. vanishing
    B. disappearance
    C. extinction
    D. removal
    C. extinction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The idea that humans construct meaning out of their experiences and act in accordance with their interpretations of the world is based on ___________ theory.
    A. humanistic
    B. psychodynamic
    C. behavioral
    D. cognitive
    D. cognitive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Which of the following is not a biological treatment for mental disorders?
    A. electroconvulsive therapy
    B. psychosurgery
    C. magnetic resonance imaging
    D. transcranial magnetic stimulation
    C. magnetic resonance imaging
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. St. John’s Wort was originally thought to be useful in treating which psychological disorder?
    A. panic
    B. anxiety
    C. depression
    D. obsessive-compulsive
    C. depression
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Electroconvulsive therapy was originally designed to treat which mental disorder?
    A. obsessive-compulsive disorder
    B. panic disorder without agoraphobia
    C. generalized anxiety disorder
    D. schizophrenia
    D. schizophrenia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of these is a Freudian therapeutic technique?
    A. free association
    B. reinforcementdesensitization
    C. withdrawal
    A. free association
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Carl Rogers developed _____________.
    A. client-centered therapy
    B. cognitive therapy
    C. rational-emotive therapy
    D. behavioral therapy
    A. client-centered therapy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The therapist acts out a situation with the client to assess what aspects of the client’s behavior may need changing. This acting scenario is known as ____________.
    A. role interaction
    B. role action
    C. role participation
    D. role play
    D. role play
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Clients who are encouraged to experience their feared stimuli directly instead of just imagining it are engaging in a(n) ______________.
    A. in vivo exposure
    B. implosive therapy
    C. recommended reinforcement
    D. desensitization experience
    A. in vivo exposure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. ______________ focus(es) on challenging individual’s maladaptive ways of thinking and interpreting events.
    A. Family systems therapies
    B. Interpersonal therapies
    C. Humanistic therapies
    D. Cognitive therapies
    D. Cognitive therapies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Which of these is not a goal of cognitive therapy?
    A. teach clients to challenge irrational or maladaptive thoughts
    B. extinguish maladaptive behaviors
    C. help clients face their worst fears and recognize ways to cope
    D. help clients lean problem-solving techniques
    B. extinguish maladaptive behaviors
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Stopping the development of psychopathology before it turns into a full-blown mental disorder is called __________.
    a. preventative measure
    b. primary prevention
    c. secondary prevention
    d. treatment prevention
    • b. primary prevention
    • OR
    • C. secondary prevention
  24. The steps that researchers use to obtain and evaluate information in a systematic way are called the __________.
    A. scientific scrutiny
    B. scientific method
    C. scientific acquisition
    D. scientific inquiry
    B. scientific method
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. A hypothesis is a/an __________.
    A. analytical statementsystematic statement
    B. unquestionable statement
    C. testable statement
    C. testable statement
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. The expectation that there is no relationship between phenomena is called the ___________.
    A. null hypothesis
    B. signal hypothesis
    C. latent hypothesis
    D. zero hypothesis
    A. null hypothesis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. A factor or characteristic that can vary within an individual or between individuals is known as a ____________.
    A. null hypothesis
    B. operational definition
    C. variable
    D. hypothesis
    C. variable
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. When the conclusions made on the basis of a case study apply to other individuals or groups, this is known as _____________.
    A. generalizabililty
    B. operationalization
    C. conceptualization
    D. rationalization
    A. generalizabililty
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Which of the following is not a type of correlational study?
    A. cross-sectional
    B. group comparison
    C. longitudinal
    D. sequential
    D. sequential
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. The correlation coefficient is ___________.
    A. the themes generated across descriptive research
    B. a statistical method of measuring the relationship between variables
    C. a qualitative method of measuring outcomes in a study
    D. the number of participants that were randomly assigned to the experimental group
    B. a statistical method of measuring the relationship between variables
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Statistical significance represents ___________.
    A. the quantification of the dependent variable
    B. the reference to the relationship between the independent and dependent variables
    C. the correlational coefficient that supports the hypothesis
    D. the probability that the results occurred by chance
    D. the probability that the results occurred by chance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. validity refers to _____________.
    A. the extent to which the results can be replicated
    B. the extent to which a study’s results can be generalized to phenomena in real life
    C. the extent to which the independent variable is responsible for the results
    D. the extent to which the study is quantifiable
    B. the extent to which a study’s results can be generalized to phenomena in real life
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which of the following is a major advantage of meta-analysis?
    A. generalization to the population
    B. operationalization of variables
    C. conceptualization of theory
    D. removal of investigator bias
    D. removal of investigator bias
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. The process of gathering information about an individual’s symptoms and background is referred to as ____________.
    A. an interview
    B. an assessment
    C. a treatment
    D. a diagnosis
    B. an assessment
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. When several diagnoses are possible, the clinician evaluates the gathered information to make a ____________.
    A. differential diagnosis
    B. single diagnosis
    C. dual diagnosis
    D. multiple diagnosis
    A. differential diagnosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. The accuracy of a test in assessing what it is intended to measure is called ___________.
    A. reliability
    B. generalizability
    C. constructability
    D. validity
    D. validity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. A test that indicates consistency in measuring what it is intended to measure is considered to have ____________.
    A. validity
    B. constructability
    C. reliability
    D. generalizabililty
    C. reliability
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Which of the following is not a neuropsychological test?
    A. Bender-Gestalt Test
    B. Halstead-Reitan Test
    C. Luria-Nebraska Test
    D. computerized tomography
    D. computerized tomography
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Which brain-imaging technique provides information on differences in the activity levels in specific areas of the brains of people with a disorder and people without a disorder?
    A. MRI
    B. CT
    C. PET
    D. X ray
    C. PET
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. ____________ tests are used to measure a person’s intellectual strengths and weaknesses.
    A. Projective
    B. Aptitude
    C. Personality
    D. Intelligence
    D. Intelligence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. According to critics, which of the following groups do intelligence tests favor?
    A. middle-class white males only
    B. middle-class African-American educated women
    C. middle-class and upper-class educated European Americans
    D. middle-class and upper-class educated Asian Americans
    C. middle-class and upper-class educated European Americans
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. ___________ tests present people with ambiguous stimuli that they must interpret in line with their current concerns and feelings.
    A. Projective
    B. Subjective
    C. Relative
    D. Objective
    A. Projective
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. A set of symptoms that occurs together is called a(n) ____________.
    A. assessment
    B. syndrome
    C. classification
    D. category
    B. syndrome
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
Author
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38683
Card Set
Abnormal Psychology
Description
Abnormal Psychology
Updated
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