THEOLOGY

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Author:
kcosen01
ID:
38688
Filename:
THEOLOGY
Updated:
2010-09-30 21:26:38
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Description:
CHAPTERS 7-9
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  1. What are the Epistles?
    • - written by Paul
    • - pre-date the gospels
    • - 13
    • - 1/4 of the New Testament is Paul
  2. Paul's Letters
    • 1) salutations
    • 2) thanksgiving
    • 3) body
    • 4) paranesis
    • 5) benediction
  3. Church = body of Christ
    • - one body, many parts, all dependent on one another
    • - everyone makes the whole, we are one
    • - head of body = source of energy (Jesus)
    • - we all have gifts to share
  4. Patriarchal Sees
    • - Jerusalem
    • - Rome
    • - Antioch
    • - Alexandria
    • - Constantinople
  5. Sacraments of Initiation
    • - Baptism
    • - Confirmation
    • - Holy Eucharist
  6. catechumens
    people preparing for Baptism
  7. imperial cult
    worship of the emperor
  8. Jerusalem Conference
    • - 49 - 50 CE
    • - should gentiles become Jews before converting to Christianity?
    • - Paul argues that they dont have to follow the law and be circumcised before becoming Christians
  9. Justification by Faith
    • - Paul believes this over justification of works/law
    • - you relationship with God must be right and justified > good
  10. patristic era
    • - 100 CE
    • - main orthodox writers = fathers of the church
    • - pastristic writings shaped Christian tradition
  11. pagan
    neither Christain nor Jewish
  12. mystery religions
    • - converts that practiced secret rituals and mysteries
    • - polytheistic
  13. martyrs
    • - Christians who died for their faith rather than sacrifice
    • - greek word for witness
  14. relics
    • - bodies of martyrs
    • - were holy
    • - celebrated annually
  15. confessors
    • - people who confessed their faith publicly
    • - people who were arrested but not put to death
  16. apostacy
    • - falling away from faith
    • - people who did not offer sacrifice and denied their faith
    • - later on beggining to be accepted back into the church
  17. orthodoxy
    the correct doctrine
  18. apologists
    • - "defenders"
    • - Christian writers who tried to respond to Roman criticisms of Christianity
    • - established logos - spoken/written word, internal reason
    • - link between pagan & christian theology
  19. bishop
    leader of the local Christain community
  20. canon
    agreement on the core books of the New Testament and on the necessity of retaining the Jewish scriptures
  21. creed
    the development of short summaries of beliefs, used for candidates for Baptism
  22. epsicopacy
    - universal office postition: = government by bishops
  23. liturgy
    the sacramental life of Christianity
  24. heresy
    • - false teaching
    • - opposite of orthodoxy
  25. docetism
    The doctrine that Jesus only appeared to be human and to suffer and die
  26. Didache
    • - manual of chruch orders
    • - the teachings of the 12 apostles
  27. Constantine
    • - Roman emperor
    • - 306 - 337 CE
    • - converted to Christianity
    • - made christianity the religion of the empire, united church and state
  28. ecumenical council
    • - general council
    • - universal gathering of Christain bishops
    • - resolve issues affecting the whole church
    • - shaped Christianity
  29. dogma
    a religious teaching based on divine revelation and defined by the church
  30. Nicea
    • - 325 CE
    • - approved creed
    • - "one in being with the father: homoousios
    • - created controversy
  31. Constantinople
    • - 381 CE
    • - creed confirmed and expanded
    • - holy spirit: spoke through the prophets

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