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Types of Research
Branch of statistics that applies statistical methods to medical and biological phenomena
Methods and procedures that researchers apply to understand data
The general field of disciplined investigation
- The general field of disciplined investigation
- Systematic approach to identify relationships of variables representing concepts AND/OR determining differences between or among groups in their standing on one or more variables of interest
Type of research to refers to math and logic; no practical application
Type of research which objective is to clarify the theory
Type of research that gathers data; has no practical application and develops new theories
Type of research that applies a model or theory to the environment
Type of research that develops a project. It can be theory driven, but does not result in a new theory
Where can you find a research topic? (4)
- Interview expert
- Literature review
- Reference list
Components of a research project report (10)
Two major components of introduction
- Statement of the problem
- Literature review
Label for an abstract idea or set of objects or events that share common characteristics and a common name
Highly abstracts concepts
Examples of constructs
- Ego Strength
Representation of reality
Representation or replica of a complex phenomenon typically communicated in a visual format
A set of assumptions, concepts, values and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality
Types of research variables
Which variable is “the response, behavior or outcome that the researcher wants to predict or
Which variable is the “stimulus or activity which is manipulated or varied by the researcher
to create an effect on the dependent variable”?
Independent variable can also be called
treatment OR experiment variable
Information in numerical form that represents a certain characteristic of a group of individuals.
Qualities, properties and/or characteristics identified in research problems that are to be identified, described and measured in a study
Research variable also called effective variable or criterion measure
Which variable can affect the measurement of the study variables & examination of the relationships within a study?
Confounding variable aka extraneous or uncontrolled variable
Which variable consists of characteristics or elements of the human subject that are collected to describe the sample?
Attribute variables aka demographic variables
Process that involves the development of conceptual definition and operational definition
Operationalizing the variables
Broad, abstract meaning of a concept
Describe how the variable will be measured
- Descriptive Statistics
- Inferential Statistics
Define descriptive statistics
Used to classify and summarize numerical data
Define inferential statistics
Procedures for making generalizations about a population by studying a sample from that population
The characteristics of a population are called...
Parameters (represented with Greek letters)
The characteristics of a sample are called...
Estimates (represented with Roman letters)
What would you like to do?
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