Chap 2 Vocab

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IcAries
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38730
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Chap 2 Vocab
Updated:
2010-09-30 15:08:18
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AP Government Key Terms
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Key Terms for AP-Government
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  1. A set of principles, either written or unwritten, that makes up the fundamental law of the state
    Constitution
  2. Rights of all human beings that are ordained by God, discoverable in nature and history, and essential to human progress
    Natural Rights
  3. A document written in 1776 declaring the colonists' intention to throw off British rule
    Declaration of Independence
  4. The government charter of the states from 1776 until the Constitution of 1787
    Articles of Confederation
  5. A meeting of delegates in Philadelphia in 1787 charged with drawing up amendments to the Article of Confederation
    Constitutional Convention
  6. Change in, or addition to, the Constitution
    Amendment
  7. A governing document considered to be highly democratic yet with a tendency toward tyranny as the result of concentrating all powers in one set of hands
    Pennsylvania Constitution
  8. A state constitution with clear separation of powers but considered to have produced too weak a government
    Massachusetts Constitution
  9. The first ten amendmentts to the U.S. Constitution
    Bill of Rights
  10. AN armed attempt by Revolutionary War veterans to avoid losing their property by preventing the courts in western Massachusetts from meeting
    Shay's Rebellion
  11. A Britishphilosopher whose ideas on civil government gently influenced the Founders
    John Locke
  12. A series of political tracts that explained many of the ideas of the Founders
    Federalist Paper
  13. A constitutional proposal that the smaller states' representatives feared would give permanent supremacy to the larger statres
    Virginia Plan
  14. A constitutional proposal that would have given each state one vote in a new congress
    New Jersey Plan
  15. The power of an executive to veto some provisions in an appropriations bill while approving others
    Line-item Veto
  16. A constitutional proposal that made membership in one house of Congress proportional to each states' population and membership in the other equal for all states
    Great Compromise
  17. A constitutional principle separating the personnel of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
    Seperation of Powers
  18. A constitutional principle reserving separate powers to the national and state levels of government
    Federalism
  19. A principal architect of the Constitution who felt that a government powerful enough to encourage virtue in its citizens was too powerful
    James Madison
  20. The power of the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government to block some acts by the other two branches
    Checks & Balances

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