American_History

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corn
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American_History
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2010-09-30 18:33:01
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quiz answers for the midterm
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  1. Who served as Secretary of the Treasury while Washington was in office?
    Alexander Hamiton
  2. what are the first ten amendments to the constitution are known as?
    Bill of Rights
  3. Before serving in Washington's Cabinet, which of the following men served as Ambassador to France?
    Thomas Jefferson
  4. How many years is a Presidential term?
    4 years
  5. _________ was a major issue after the American Revolution and it placed a burden on the new nation.
    debt
  6. those who supported a Constitution were known as what? Answer
    federalists
  7. who was first to serve as President of the United States? Answer
    george washington
  8. _________ was the opposition to the Virginia Plan. These two plans were put together during the Great Compromise to create a House and a Senate.
    New Jersey Plan
  9. The _________ was created in response to trying to decide if slaves should be considered when determining population rates.
    three- fifths compromise
  10. _________ served as Secretary of State while Washington was in office
    thomas jefferson
  11. The __________ was issued in 1795 after the United States defeated Native Americans in the Battle of Fallen Timbers.
    Treaty of Greenville
  12. Which of the following is a piece of legislation that was issued to keep a balance in the number of slave states that were admitted to the Union?
    the Missouri Compromise
  13. On November 7, 1811, which of the following was an attack launched by Tenskwatawa against William Henry Harrison?
    Battle of Tippecanoe
  14. Who wrote the "Star Spangled Banner"?
    Francis Scott Key
  15. _________ was considered a factor in the War of 1812.Answer
    Impressments
  16. Many tribal leaders greatly opposed
    assimilation.
  17. In 1808, he established Prophetstown.Answer
    Tenskwatawa
  18. Which of the following was a political issue that surfaced shortly after the war?Answer
    reservations
  19. The __________ officially recognized the ending of the War of 1812.Answer
    Treaty of Ghent
  20. In an attempt to assist with financial issues after the war, CongressAnswer
    created the Second Bank of the United States.
  21. ________ led an expedition that explored the newly purchased Louisiana territory.Answer
    Meriwether Lewis
  22. What legislation argued the point that the states had the right to judge whether federal laws agreed with the Constitution? Answer
    Alien and Sedition Acts
  23. Who stressed the concept of a stronger local government as opposed to a bigger federal government?
    Thomas Jefferson
  24. ________ served first as Secretary of State, then he was appointed as Supreme Court Justice. Answer
    John Marshall
  25. Who avoided war through economic embargoes? Answer:
    Thomas Jefferson
  26. During his election, _________ did not receive enough votes from the Electoral College. Answer
    Thomas Jefferson
  27. Which of the following allowed settlers to purchase land on credit in the western region of the United States? Answer
    Land Act of 1800
  28. As President, he attempted to avoid war with France by sending representatives to Paris. Answer
    John Adams
  29. The _________ added to the size of the United States, but it also added debt
    Louisiana Purchase
  30. In 1803, who was sent to Paris to buy New Orleans?:
    Robert Livingston
  31. __________ was a graduate from Yale University and worked diligently in educational reform.
    Noah Webster
  32. Which country is credited with the origins of the Industrial Revolution
    Great Britain
  33. Who utilized the concept of a steam engine in the textile industry to power a ship?Answer
    Robert Fulton
  34. __________ stressed self-reliance, frugality, and industry.Answer
    Republican Virtues
  35. What led to an increase in communication?Answer
    post office
  36. Which of the following was run by waterpower and was highly utilized in the south?
    cotton gin
  37. _______ were primarily constructed for profit.
    Turnpikes
  38. Who defied British authorities while emigrating from Great Britain to the United States?Answer
    Samuel Slater
  39. Which of the following was a significant factor in the rise of slavery within the United States?Answer
    cotton gin
  40. Many settlers viewed which of the following groups as competition?Answer
    African Americans
  41. To give up a territory or relinquish power of a country is toAnswer
    cede
  42. In 1827, they declared themselves an independent nation.Answer
    Cherokee
  43. The __________ established guidelines for states to be admitted to the Union.Answer
    Northwest Ordinance of 1787
  44. What were issues initially faced by the pioneers settling the frontier?Answer
    stark conditions
  45. Who was the war hero that essentially conquered Florida?Answer
    Andrew Jackson
  46. The __________ tried to resolve issues related to the Native Americans and southern boundaries of the United States.Answer
    Pinckney Treaty
  47. What led to the acquisition of Florida for the United States?Answer
    Adams-Onis Treaty
  48. Who played a significant role in the construction of the Wilderness Road?Answer
    Daniel Boone
  49. Who was President during the acquisition of Florida?Answer
    James Monroe
  50. Which of the following was issued by Henry Clay to serve as resolution to the slavery issue?Answer
    Compromise of 1850
  51. Which of the following was a political party that advocated the rights of native-born Americans?Answer
    Know-Nothings
  52. _______ was a slave that attempted to sue his master._______ was a slave that attempted to sue his master.
    Answer Dred Scott
  53. Which state was the first to succeed from the Union?Answer
    South Carolina
  54. Where did Confederate forces surrender?Answer
    appomattox
  55. Who led a raid at Harper's Ferry?Answer
    John Brown
  56. Which of the following was the first battle of the Civil War as well as a victory for Confederate forces?Answer
    First Battle of Bull Run
  57. Which of the following was issued in 1820 as a means of balancing the number of slave states with that of free states?Answer
    Missouri Compromise
  58. Where was the location of Abraham Lincoln's assassination?Answer
    Ford's Theater
  59. ________ was a Confederate warship used to halt the Union blockade.Answer
    Merrimack
  60. Who did not support the Compromise of 1850?Answer
    John C. Calhoun
  61. What was established in 1854 in an attempt to assist with the voting process in Kansas?Answer
    Emigrant Aid Societies
  62. Who Issued a draft in 1863 to keep up the number of Union forces?Answer
    President Abraham Lincoln
  63. Who wrote the novel Uncle Tom's Cabin?Answer
    Harriet Beecher Stowe
  64. ________ tried to seek foreign allies during the Civil War.Answer
    The Confederacy
  65. ________ was issued in 1863 as a means of freeing slaves in the South.Answer
    Emancipation Proclamation
  66. Who participated in debates with Abraham Lincoln that are now famous?Answer
    Stephen Douglas
  67. Which of the following was considered strength for the Confederate forces?Answer
    several military institutions within the South
  68. ________ joined the military in an effort to help slaves.Answer
    Freed African Americans
  69. He was the first African American to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor.Answer
    Sergeant William Carney
  70. ________ declared South Carolina's secession from the Union illegal.Answer
    President Buchanan
  71. Which of the following was a tax imposed in 1862, which was geared towards specific goods?Answer
    Internal Revenue Act
  72. ________ served as President of the Confederacy.Answer
    Jefferson Davis
  73. The Civil War was considered helpful in the North regardingAnswer
    industry and manufactured goods.
  74. Who invented the telegraph?Answer
    Samuel F.B. Morse
  75. He was credited with the destruction of Atlanta during the Civil War.Answer
    General William Tecumseh Sherman
  76. Which of the following was considered a major strength for Union forces during the Civil War?Answer
    greater source of economic backing
  77. What is the act of placing civilians under military authority known as?Answer
    martial law
  78. Probably the biggest problem with hospitals during the Civil War wasAnswer
    poor sanitary conditions.
  79. Allowing people in a particular area to decide if slavery should be permitted was known as what?Answer
    popular sovereignty
  80. Who introduced the Kansa-Nebraska Act?Answer
    Stephen Douglas
  81. Which of the following states was not part of the Confederacy?Answer
    Illinois
  82. Who earned a reputation for his attack at Fort Sumter and also led Confederate forces in Virginia?Answer
    General P.G. T. Beauregard
  83. Support from the abolitionist movement came fromAnswer
    churches.
  84. The ________ officially ended slavery in the 1865.Answer
    Thirteenth Amendment
  85. Which of the following states imposed martial law as a means of keeping order within the state?Answer
    Missouri
  86. Who served during the Mexican War and as Commander of the Union forces?Answer
    General Winfield Scott
  87. Who assassinated President Lincoln?Answer
    John Wilkes Booth
  88. After the Civil War, the southern economy was primarily
    agrarian.
  89. ________ established the Red Cross.Answer
    Clara Barton
  90. Who was President Lincoln's Vice President and the seventeenth President of the U.S.?Answer
    Andrew Johnson
  91. ________ was the Massachusetts Senator who fought for civil rights for blacks during the Johnson years?Answer
    Charles Sumner
  92. Which of the following Constitutional Amendments guaranteed due process for all citizens?Answer
    Fourteenth
  93. Which of the following was a term used to identify congress members who felt that Presidential reconstruction was to lenient?Answer
    Radical Republican
  94. Which state had disputed votes during the election of 1876?Answer
    South Carolina
  95. ___ was a term given to northern republicans who moved south after the Civil War.Answer
    Carpetbagger
  96. Farmers who rented land to farm were calledAnswer
    tenant farmers.
  97. Which of the following was a government agency that was charged with providing assistance to former enslaved people and poor whites after the Civil War?Answer
    Freedmen's Bureau
  98. Which track of the Transcontinental Railroad began in Sacramento, CA?Answer
    Central Pacific Track
  99. Where did the final two tracks of the Transcontinental Railroad meet?Answer
    Utah
  100. What railroad tycoon was know for consolidating railroads?Answer
    Vanderbilt
  101. What act required farmers to farm for at least five consecutive years?Answer
    Homestead Act
  102. What abundant resource was used to make homes on the prairie?Answer
    sod
  103. sod
  104. Who founded the Grangers?Answer
    Oliver Kelley
  105. ______ was a meat supplier who went into show business.Answer
    Buffalo Bill
  106. What was the land set aside for Native American removal called?Answer
    Reservation
  107. Which of the following pieces of legislation served to break off the communal nature of Native American land ownership?Answer
    Dawes Act
  108. What is the process of turning raw materials into products?Answer
  109. Power looms revolutionized the _______ industry.Answer
    textile
  110. By 1900, about how many women and children worked in factories?Answer
    7 million
  111. He improved the carbon filament in the light bulb.Answer
    Lewis Latimer
  112. Who devised plans to improve industrial efficiency?Answer
    Frederick Taylor
  113. What is a document granting rights to an inventor called?Answer
    patent
  114. When a person has ownership in a company, what do they have?Answer
    stock
  115. Who sold the corporation that became United States Steel Corporation?Answer
    Andrew Carnegie
  116. He organized the Standard Oil Trust.Answer
    John D. Rockefeller
  117. Horizontal integration means toAnswer
    consolidate companies that produce the same thing.
  118. What occurs under the theory of social Darwinism?Answer
    The fit will compete and succeed.
  119. Which of the following acts ended spoils?Answer
    Pendleton Civil Service Act
  120. _______ was assassinated by a disgruntled man wanting a jobAnswer
    James A. Garfield
  121. In which industry is a paper mill employee classified?Answer
    manufacturing and mechanical
  122. During economicsome employers lowered wages. What was the average wage per hour in 1900
    $0.22
  123. This more radical union included Socialist party members.This more radical union included Socialist party members.
    Industrial Workers of the World
  124. Who lead the American Federation of Labor?
    Samuel Gompers
  125. Which strike were the Pinkertons called to end?
    Homestead Strike
  126. _______ refers to regional differences that existed within the nation during the 1800s.Answer
    Sectionalism
  127. Who was known for hiring women workers in his factory?
    Francis Cabot Lowell
  128. Which of the following were common in developing cities during the 1800s?Answer
    tenements
  129. ________ occurred as a result of poor planning within cities during the 1800s.Answer
    Cholera epidemic
  130. Who built a factory in Handem, Connecticut to manufacture munitions? Answer
    Eli Whitney
  131. Which of the following states was known as the leader in the coal mining industry?
    Pennsylvania
  132. This area was known as the leader in cotton production.
    the South
  133. Which group of people were targeted to work in factories because they were considered a cheap source of labor?
    women
  134. The slave revolts were considered to be the cause of the
    additional restrictions placed on slaves.
  135. Which of the following terms refers to feeling of loyalty towards one's nation or homeland?: Which of the following terms refers to feeling of loyalty towards one's nation or homeland?: nationalism
    nationalism
  136. Which of the following was a crop produced in the South that eventually led to greater divisions within the nation?
    cotton
  137. Who served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1801 until 1835?Answer
    John Marshall
  138. _______ was a war hero that ran for President in 1824.Answer
    Andrew Jackson
  139. Which of the following cases involved a New York to New Jersey steamboat line?Answer
    Gibbons vs. Ogden
  140. What was issued as a means of establishing a solid foreign policy towards Europe?Answer
    Monroe Doctrine
  141. Who served as the sixth President of the United States and stressed internal improvements?Answer
    John Quincy Adams
  142. He focused his presidency on foreign policy.Answer
    James Monroe
  143. Which of the following was a treaty that called for a reduction in the number of warships within the Great Lakes region?Answer
    Rush-Bagot Agreement
  144. _______ greatly increased as a result of the War of 1812.Answer
    A sense of nationalism
  145. Which of the following was a Supreme Court case involving the origins of the National Bank?Answer
    McCulloch vs. Maryland
  146. In which year was Andrew Jackson first elected as President?
    1828
  147. What enabled Jackson to win the Presidency?
    States had passed laws allowing average men to vote, and Jackson appealed to those men.
  148. What made Jackson's first election victory unique?Answer
    He was the first man born west of the Appalachian Mountains to become President.
  149. When Jackson took the office of President, which of the following did he NOT do?
    He appointed Henry Clay as his Secretary of State.
  150. Andrew Jackson's approach to the Native Americans wasAnswer
    harsh.
  151. All of the following were problems during the Jackson administration EXCEPT:Answer
    The U.S. Civil War began.
  152. ________ was Jackson's successor as President. Martin
    Van Buren
  153. Jackson chose not to run for a third term becauseAnswer
    of his personal health and the economic situation of the U.S.
  154. Congress passed the Indian Removal ActAnswer
    in 1830.
  155. Which of the following accurately characterizes Jackson's Presidency?Answer
    He believed in limited federal government.
  156. Leaders in the reform movements in the 1800s tended to beAnswer
    ministers.
  157. All of the following problems were causes for reform EXCEPT:Answer
    westward expansion
  158. In the early 1800s, temperance leaders used what method to ban alcohol?Answer
    endorsed political candidates who opposed alcohol
  159. Who was the Massachusetts reformer who focused on education in the state legislature?Answer
    Mann
  160. Which hurdle did educational reformers find difficult to overcome?Answer
    extending the movement into the South
  161. What was Dorothea Dix's main area of reform?Answer
    prisons
  162. What was the name of abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison's newspaper?Answer
    the Liberator
  163. Which of the following was NOT an effective means for the cause of abolition?Answer
    convincing southern legislatures to ban slavery
  164. Which book brought attention to the anti-slavery cause?Answer
    Uncle Tom's Cabin
  165. The 1848 Seneca Falls ConventionAnswer
    was organized to gain women's rights.
  166. Which of the following called for the reduction of warships in the Great Lakes region?Answer
    Rush-Bagot Agreement
  167. He was opposed to the spoils system.Answer
    Andrew Jackson
  168. Who was known for assisting fugitive slaves?Answer
    Harriet Tubman
  169. _______ was a leader in education reform during the 1800s.Answer
    Horace Mann
  170. Who was the Chief Justice of the Supreme court during Gibbons vs. Ogden?Answer
    John Marshall
  171. Who wrote the novel Uncle Tom's Cabin?Answer
    Harriet Beecher Stowe
  172. Who served as President during the Adams-Onis Treaty?Answer
    James Monroe
  173. In which location were tenements, lack of proper sanitation, hospitals, and schools present?Answer
    cities in the 1800s
  174. Had a significant impact on the growth and development of Massachusetts.Answer
    Francis Cabot Lowell
  175. The _______ declared that the United States would oppose any efforts by an outside power to control the nation in the western hemisphere.Answer
    Monroe Doctrine
  176. Which of the following people were known for assisting fugitive slaves?Answer
    Harriet Tubman
  177. _______ was considered a leader in the women's movement during the 1800s.Answer
    Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  178. Who was elected as President during 1828 and was also responsible for suppressing the Seminole uprisings in Florida?Answer
    Andrew Jackson
  179. The formation of the _______ led to deportation of African Americans to Liberia.Answer
    American Colony Society
  180. Who ran for office of the Presidency in 1824 and seemed to relate to the common man?Answer
    Andrew Jackson
  181. What was the first event held for women's rights called?Answer
    Seneca Falls Convention
  182. _______ was considered a leader in prison reform.Answer
    Dorothea Dix
  183. Who invented the cotton gin?Answer
    Eli Whitney
  184. _______ was considered to have a negative impact on southern states.Answer
    Tariff of 1828
  185. In 1822, _______ led a slave revolt in Charlestown, South Carolina.Answer
    Denmark Vesey
  186. Which of the following terms means "to stop working"?Answer
    strike
  187. South Carolina attempted toAnswer
    secede from the nation.
  188. What did Andrew Jackson consider a top priority on his Presidential agenda?Answer
    doing away with patronage
  189. The _______ was issued after the War of 1812 and considered part of America's foreign policy.Answer
    Monroe Doctrine
  190. What is a sense of pride and loyalty towards one's country known as?Answer
    nationalism
  191. Routes used by fugitive slaves to escape slavery were called theAnswer
    Underground Railroads.
  192. Which of the following developed as a result of the War of 1812?Answer
    greater sense of nationalism
  193. To what does the word suffrage refer?Answer
    the right to vote
  194. He did not support the Bank of the United States.Answer
    Andrew Jackson
  195. Who succeeded Andrew Jackson as President of the United States?Answer
    Martin Van Buren
  196. What led to improvements in the southern economy during the 1800s?Answer
    cotton
  197. Farms, slaughterhouses, supply stores, and banks were all considered characteristics of what area?Answer
    the Northwest
  198. This President was known for his focus on domestic issues and internal improvements.Answer
    John Quincy Adams
  199. Who was considered an advocate of force removal of Native Americans from their land?Answer
    Andrew Jackson
  200. He advocated the use of taxes to support public schools.Answer
    Horace Mann
  201. Which of the following gave President Jackson the right to do whatever was necessary to collect funds from South Carolina?Answer
    Force Bill
  202. Who was a Senator from Kentucky who ran for the office of the Presidency in 1824 and was known for his wild ways?Answer
    Henry Clay
  203. This President was considered the first to win the election due to his widespread popularity.Answer
    Andrew Jackson
  204. _______ served to protect the rights of workers.Answer
    Labor Unions
  205. _______ led a slave revolt in Virginia in 1831.Answer
    Nat Turner
  206. 1 out of 1 points
  207. Which of the following was issued by Henry Clay to serve as resolution to the slavery issue?Answer
    Compromise of 1850
  208. Which of the following was a political party that advocated the rights of native-born Americans?Answer
    Know-Nothings
  209. _______ was a slave that attempted to sue his master.
    Dred Scott
  210. Which state was the first to succeed from the Union?Answer
    South Carolina
  211. Where did Confederate forces surrender?Answer
    appomattox
  212. Who led a raid at Harper's Ferry?Answer
    John Brown
  213. Which of the following was the first battle of the Civil War as well as a victory for Confederate forces?Answer
    First Battle of Bull Run
  214. Which of the following was issued in 1820 as a means of balancing the number of slave states with that of free states?Answer
    Missouri Compromise
  215. Where was the location of Abraham Lincoln's assassination?Answer
    Ford's Theater
  216. ________ was a Confederate warship used to halt the Union blockade.Answer
    Merrimack
  217. Who did not support the Compromise of 1850?Answer
    John C. Calhoun
  218. What was established in 1854 in an attempt to assist with the voting process in Kansas?Answer
    Emigrant Aid Societies
  219. Who Issued a draft in 1863 to keep up the number of Union forces?Answer
    President Abraham Lincoln
  220. Who wrote the novel Uncle Tom's Cabin?Answer
    Harriet Beecher Stowe
  221. ________ tried to seek foreign allies during the Civil War.Answer
    The Confederacy
  222. ________ was issued in 1863 as a means of freeing slaves in the South.Answer
    Emancipation Proclamation
  223. Who participated in debates with Abraham Lincoln that are now famous?Answer
    Stephen Douglas
  224. Which of the following was considered strength for the Confederate forces?Answer
    several military institutions within the South
  225. ________ joined the military in an effort to help slaves.Answer
    Freed African Americans
  226. He was the first African American to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor.Answer
    Sergeant William Carney
  227. ________ declared South Carolina's secession from the Union illegal.Answer
    President Buchanan
  228. Which of the following was a tax imposed in 1862, which was geared towards specific goods?Answer
    Internal Revenue Act
  229. ________ served as President of the Confederacy.Answer
    Jefferson Davis
  230. The Civil War was considered helpful in the North regardingAnswer
    industry and manufactured goods.
  231. Who invented the telegraph?Answer
    Samuel F.B. Morse
  232. He was credited with the destruction of Atlanta during the Civil War.Answer
    General William Tecumseh Sherman
  233. Which of the following was considered a major strength for Union forces during the Civil War?Answer
    greater source of economic backing
  234. What is the act of placing civilians under military authority known as?Answer
    martial law
  235. Probably the biggest problem with hospitals during the Civil War wasAnswer
    poor sanitary conditions.
  236. Allowing people in a particular area to decide if slavery should be permitted was known as what?Answer
    popular sovereignty
  237. Who introduced the Kansa-Nebraska Act?Answer
    Stephen Douglas
  238. Which of the following states was not part of the Confederacy?Answer
    Illinois
  239. Who earned a reputation for his attack at Fort Sumter and also led Confederate forces in Virginia?Answer
    General P.G. T. Beauregard
  240. Support from the abolitionist movement came fromAnswer
    churches.
  241. The ________ officially ended slavery in the 1865.Answer
    Thirteenth Amendment
  242. Which of the following states imposed martial law as a means of keeping order within the state?Answer
    Missouri
  243. Who served during the Mexican War and as Commander of the Union forces?Answer
    General Winfield Scott
  244. Who assassinated President Lincoln?Answer
    John Wilkes Booth
  245. ________ established the Red Cross.Answer
    Clara Barton

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