Illness and Disease

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Anonymous
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38969
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Illness and Disease
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2010-10-01 15:04:30
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First Exam
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Plagues, Cancer, Immunity, a&p, classes
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  1. What is Small Pox?
    Variola Virus
  2. What are the types of Small Pox?
    • Variola Major 20-40% fatality rate Black Pox
    • Variola Minor Mild form
  3. When was Small Pox irradicated?
    • 1979
    • small pox vaccine only to health care workers and military
    • Syberia and CDC have virus
  4. Transmission of Small Pox
    • Direct
    • -lesions
    • -close contact
    • -linins
    • Indirect
    • -inhaled
  5. Signs and Symptoms of Small Pox
    • Fever 101-104 degrees
    • Body Ach
    • Rash spots tounge and mouth first
    • -3 days till show on outside of body
    • -week pustules then scabs
  6. What is Hansens Disease?
    Leprosy
  7. What is the Tecnical Name of Hansens?
    • M. leprae
    • Bacilli Mycobateria
  8. where does leprosy like to live and how is it transmitted?
    • Hot humid climate
    • closeness and contact
  9. Two forms of Leprosy?
    • Lepromtous- most lesions impared immunity
    • Toberculoid few lesions have immunity
  10. General information on leprosy
    • Bacilli live on serface for 36hours to 9 days
    • found in breast milk
    • incubation for 3-6 years
  11. Risk Factors for leprosy?
    • close contact
    • males more effected than females
    • impared nutrition
    • hygine
    • exposure to other microbateria
  12. Signs and Symptoms of Leprosy
    • small white patch under naval
    • peripheral nervous system
    • nasal bridge collapse
    • in japan-alopecia
  13. Medication for leprosy?
    • Dapsome DDS
    • has become resistant
    • Thalidomide
    • Phocolemia (seal limb)
  14. order cell to organ system
    Cell tissue organs organ systems
  15. Risk Factors for a person probablity of becoming ill
    • age heredity living conditions
    • drug alcohol
    • smoking physical exposure
    • preexisting illnesses psychological influence
  16. Etiology?
    Study of cause of disease illness
  17. Prevalence?
    existing cases
  18. idopathic?
    cause is unkown
  19. subque
    chronic & acute
  20. communicable
    person to person
  21. viralence
    ability of agent to cause serious illness
  22. Bacteria?
    • anerobic without oxygen
    • arobic oxygen
    • bionary fission rapid growth
    • some produce toxins
  23. Rods Bacilli
    tetnaus diptheria tuberculosis typhoid fever legionars disease
  24. Coca round
    strep staph goneria meningitis
  25. curved rods
    • vibro cholera
    • sperillium leptospirosis
    • pirochetes syphilis yaws
    • (hutchensons triad infants born with syphilis)
  26. Chlmydia
    • Psittacosis
    • lymphogranulomia
    • trachoma
    • inclusice conjuntivitis
  27. Rickettsia
    • epidemic typhus lice
    • endmic typhus lice
    • Rocky Mountian Spotted Fever
    • Q fever
  28. Fungi Mycotic infections
    • ringworm
    • athletes foot
    • candida
    • histoplasmosis
  29. viruses-
    • swine flu chicken pox herpes 1-2 measles
    • yellow fever mumps aids west nile
  30. Protozoans
    • ameboas- amebic dysentery
    • ciliates GI
    • Flagellates-Tripononas traposoma african sleeping sickness
    • Sporozoa Maleria (female anapheles mesquito)
    • Toxoplasmosis pegnate cat litter
  31. Parasitic Worms
    • round worms
    • -hookwork
    • -trichina
    • -filarial worm
    • -pinworms
    • Flat worms
    • -tapeworms
    • -flukes
  32. Prions
    • erratic protien particle
    • Bovine Spungyform Encepalothopy
  33. Who is the Father of Medicine?
    Hippoctoties Roman
  34. Who lead the way for public health?
    • Romans aquaducts baths
    • Hebrews dietary
  35. Prions
    • Elk Wasteing disease
    • CJ Cruzfedlt Jacob Disease (spong like brain)
  36. Mode of Transmission
    • Direct & Indirect Contact
    • respriatory
    • Gi
    • Reproductive
    • Ingeumentary
  37. Mode of Transmission
    • Portal of entry
    • Veralence
    • Dose # of pathogens
    • risk factors
  38. nonspecific
    • chemical or mechanical
    • vomiting
    • cough sneeze
    • mucus
    • phagocytosis
    • -white blood cell response
    • inflamation
    • -heat pain fever
  39. specific
    viral-interferon
  40. inborn immunity
    inherited immunity from mother and father
  41. aquired immunity
    • vaccination
    • child hood experience
  42. active
    host activity making anitboties
  43. passive
    antiboties come crom outside source
  44. active artifical
    vaccination
  45. DPT
    Diptheria Pertusses Tetanus
  46. MMR
    Measles Mumps Rubella
  47. Rabies Virus
    • Can be given before or after exposure
    • multiple injections
  48. Immune Serums
    • Short lived
    • effective imeaditly
    • given to newborns who cant have vaccinations
  49. dyptheria botulism
    antitoxin
  50. tetnaus measles
    immune globulin
  51. rabies snake bites
    antiserum
  52. Autoimmune diseases
    body attacks body tissues
  53. Autoimmune disease name..
    • rhumatic fever
    • Rheumotoid arthritus
    • Lupus -Systemic SLE
    • -young females
    • Chronic Fatuge Syndrom viral
  54. Hypersensitivity
    • hay fever
    • anaphalaxis
    • RH inhability
  55. Neoplasia
    swelling tumors cancer
  56. metaises
    when cancer spreads
  57. cancer development?
    • latent period
    • initation small genitic change
    • promotion altered cell growth
    • progression malignate stage
  58. Causes of cancer
    • enviromental -radiation-aspetes
    • Nutrition
    • hormones
    • viruses
    • infectous cancers
    • genitic predisposition
  59. Cancer types?
    • Carcinoma-epithelial tissue
    • adenocarcinoma glads lymph system
    • sarcoma-bone cartalage muscles
    • -spread through blood -faster growth -serus lack form-anaplasia cancer without form
  60. Benign Cancer?
    • Lipoma Soft fatty tumor
    • Myomas -muscle tumor
    • -fibroids
  61. Benigh Tumors
    • Capsulated
    • Angioma-port wine stain
    • Nevus-common mole
    • papilloma-pollups warts
    • adenoma -in glandular tissue
    • teratomas- ovary dermoid cyst
    • osteomas- connective tissue
    • condrioma- in cartalige
  62. Malignate Tumors
    • larger
    • irregular shape
    • grow faster

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