IVfluids

Card Set Information

Author:
nursenewbie
ID:
38997
Filename:
IVfluids
Updated:
2010-10-01 20:43:10
Tags:
nursing nursenewbie IV fluids
Folders:

Description:
IV fluids
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user nursenewbie on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. 0.45% Sodium Chloride
    • 0.45% Sodium Chloride ½NS
    • Hypotonic pH 5.6
    • USE: hypotonic hydration; replace sodium and chloride; hyperosmolar diabetes

    COMPLICATIONS: if too much is mixed with blood cells during transfusions, the cells will pull water into them and rupture
  2. 0.9% Soldium Chloride
    • Isotonic pH 5.7
    • USE: isotonic hydration; replace sodium and chloride; alkalosis; blood transfusions (will not hemolyze blood cells)

    • COMPLICATIONS:
    • None known
  3. 0.3% or 0.5% Soldium Chloride
    • Hypertonic pH 5.0, 5.8
    • USE: symptomatic hyponatremia due to excessive sweating, vomiting, renal impairment, and excessive water intake
    • COMPLICATIONS: rapid or continuous infusion can result in hypernatremia or hyperchloremia
  4. 0.5% Dextrose in H20
    D5W
    • Isotonic pH 5.0
    • USE:
    • isotonic hydration; provides some calories
    • COMPLICATIONS:
    • water intoxication and dilution of body's electrolytes with long,
    • continuous infusions
  5. 0.10% Dextrose in H20 D10W
    • Hypertonic
    • pH 4.3
    • USE:
    • may be infused peripherally; hypertonic
    • hydration; provides some calories
    • COMPLICATIONS:
    • water intoxication and dilution of body's electrolytes with long,
    • continuous infusions
  6. 0.5% Dextrose in ¼ strength saline D5 1/4NS
    • Hypertonic pH 4.4
    • USE:
    • fluid replacement; replacement of sodium, chloride and some calories
    • COMPLICATIONS:
    • vein irritation because of acidic pH, causes agglomeration (clustering) if used with blood transfusions; hyperglycemia with rapid infusion leading to osmotic diuresis
  7. Lactated Ringers LR
    • Isotonic PH 6.6
    • USE:
    • isotonic hydration; replace electrolytes and extra-cellular
    • fluid losses; mild to moderate acidosis (the lactate is metabolized
    • into bicarbonate which counteracts the acidosis)
    • COMPLICATIONS:
    • not enough electrolytes for maintenance; patients with hepatic diseasehave trouble metabolizing the lactate; do not use if lactic acidosis is present
  8. 5%Dextrose in Lactated Ringers D5LR
    • Hypertonic PH 4,9
    • USE:hypertonic hydration; provides some calories; replace electrolytes and extra-cellular fluid losses; mild to moderate acidosis (the lactate is metabolized into bicarbonate which counteracts the acidosis), the dextrose minimizes glycogen depletion
    • COMPLICATIONS:
    • not enough electrolytes for maintenance; patients with hepatic disease have trouble metabolizing the lactate; do not use if lactic
    • acidosis is present
  9. Ringers Injection
    • Isotonic pH 5.8
    • USE:
    • electrolyte replacement; hydration; often used to replace extracellular fluid losses
    • COMPLICATIONS:
    • rapid administration leads to excessive introduction of electrolytes and leads to fluid overload and congestive conditions; provides no
    • calories and is not an adequate maintenance solution if abnormal
    • fluid losses are present
  10. 0.5% Dextrose in Normal saline D5NS
    • Hypertonic pH 4.4
    • USE:
    • hypertonic fluid replacement; replacement of sodium, chloride and some calories
    • COMPLICATIONS:
    • vein irritation because of acidic pH, causes agglomeration (clustering) if used with blood transfusions; hyperglycemia with rapid infusion leading to osmotic diuresis

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview