For Agnew’s general strain theory, know what it considers to be straining, and the route though which
this leads to delinquency.
major types of strain
- 1. the failure to achieve positively valued goals, (failure to achieve positively valued goals/ the American dream/ attainment of large sum of money) (when the actual achievements of an individual are less than that which the individual had expected)
- 2. the loss of positive stimuli, (death or a broken relationship with a friend or romantic partner)
- 3. the presentation of negative stimuli. (child abuse, neglect, adverse relations with parents and teachers, negative school experiences, adverse relations with peers, neighborhood problems, and homelessness)
In essence, general strain theory proposed that an increase in strain would lead to an increase in anger, which may then lead to an increase in crime
Strain from the outside environment can cause many negative feelings in an individual including defeat, despair, and fear, but the feeling that is most applicable to crime is anger. Agnew asserted that individuals become angry when they blame their negative circumstances and relationships on others. Anger was found to incite a person to action, lower inhibitions, and create a desire for revenge