Nur112 Vocab

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MartaV
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39094
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Nur112 Vocab
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2010-10-02 13:31:06
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Abnormal assessment Findings
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Abnormal Assessment Finding
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  1. A collapse or airless condition of the lung.
    Atelectasis
  2. Absence or loss of hair, esp. of the head.
    Alopecia
  3. A wasting; a decrease in size of an organ or tissue.
    Atrophy
  4. A large blister or skin vesicle filled with fluid.
    Bullae
  5. A substance secreted by glands at the outer third of the ear canal.
    Cerumen
  6. An enlarged terminal phalanx of the finger. Excessive growth of the soft tissues of the ends of the fingers.
    Clubbing
  7. A crackling or rattling sound made by a part of the body, either spommtaneously or during physical examination.
    Crepitus
  8. Dried serum, pus, or blood on the skin surface.
    Crust
  9. A blue, gray, slate, or dark purple discoloration of the skin caused by deoxygenated or reduced hemoglobin in the blood.
    Cyanosis
  10. A closed sac or pouch with a definite wall that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material.
    Cyst
  11. Two images of an object seen at the same time.
    Diplopia
  12. Inability to swallow or difficulty in swallowing.
    Dysphagia
  13. Impairment of speech resulting from a brain lesion or neurodevelopmental disorder.
    Dysphasia
  14. Air hunger resulting in labored or difficult breating, sometimes accompanied by pain.
    Dyspnea
  15. Bruise;Superficial bleeding under the skin or a mucous membrain.
    Ecchymosis
  16. A local or generalized condition in which body tissues contain an excessive amount of tissue fluid in the interstitial space.
    Edema
  17. An eating away of tissue. External or internal destruction of a surface layer by physical or inflammatory processes.
    Erosion
  18. Reddening of the skin.
    Erythema
  19. Abnormal anterior protrusion of the eyeball (hypothyroidism)
    Exaphthalmos
  20. A groove, natural division, cleft, slit, or deep furrow; opening
    Fissure
  21. A swelling comprising a mass of extravasated blood confined to an organ, tissue, or space and caused by a break in a blood vessel.
    Hematoma
  22. A temporary deficiency of blood flow to an organ or tissue,
    Ischemia
  23. A condition marked by yellow staining of body tissues and fluids, as a result of excessice levels or bilirubin in the bloodstream.
    Jaundice
  24. Type of scar caused by an over active tissue repair process following a skin injury or trauma to the skin
    Keloid
  25. Abn exaggerated or angulation of the posterior curve of the thoracic spine, commonly know as "humpbakc".
    Kyphosis
  26. Cutaneous thickening and hardening from continued irritation.
    Lichenification
  27. A flat spot on the skin whos color may be lighter or darker than the surrounding skin. ex: freckles and vitiligo
    Macule
  28. An error in refraction in which light rays are focused in front of the retina, enabling the person to see distincly for only a short distance.
    Myopia
  29. A small cluster of cells.
    Nodule
  30. Involuntary back and forth or cyclical movements of the eyes.
    Nystagmus
  31. Having diminished arounsal and awareness, often as the result of intoxication, metabolic illness, infection, or neurological catastrophe.
    Obtunded
  32. Lack of color; paleness
    Pallor
  33. Swelling of the optic nerve with dilated veins, blurred optic disc margins, and an enlarged blind spot on the visual field.
    Papilledema
  34. a small bump or pimple, typically larger than a grain of salt, but smaller than a peppercorn, that rises aboce the surface of the neighboring skin
    Papule
  35. Small, purplish, hemorrhagice spots on the skin that appear in patients with platelet deciciencies and in many febrile illnesses.
    Petechiae
  36. Bening growth in the body characterized by finger-like projections.
    Polyps
  37. Th permanent loss of accomodation of the crystalline lens of the eye that is marked by the inability to maintain focus on objects held near to the eye.
    Presbyopia
  38. Itch; a tingling or faintly burning skin sensation that prompts a person to rub or scratch.
    Pruritus
  39. Dropping or drooping of an organ or part.
    Ptosis
  40. Suppurative; forming or containing puss.
    Purulent
  41. A small, elevated skin lesion filled with white blood cells and sometimes bacteria or the products of broken-down cells.
    Pustule
  42. A mark left int he skin or an internal organ by the healing of a wound, sore, or injury because of replacement by connective tissue of the injured tissue.
    Scar
  43. Containing or of the nature of serum and blood.
    Serosanguneous
  44. Having the nature of serum; thin or watery
    Serous
  45. A disorder of the eye in which optic axes cannot be directed to the same object.
    Strabismus
  46. Stretch marks that are a form of scarring on the skin that are caused by tearing of the dermis.
    Striae
  47. A lesion of the skin or the mucous membraned marked by inflammation, necrosis, and sloughing of damaged tissues.
    Ulcer
  48. A more or less round and temporary elevation of the skin, white in the center with a pale-red perichery, accompanied by itching. (insect bites)
    Wheal
  49. Resistance of the skin to deformation.
    Turgor
  50. A chronic liver disease characterixed pathologically by liver scarring with loss of normal hepatic architecture areas of ineffective regeneration
    Cirrhosis

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